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The New Politics of Inequality in Latin AmericaRethinking Participation and Representation$
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Douglas A. Chalmers, Carlos M. Vilas, Katherine Hite, Scott B. Martin, Kerianne Piester, and Monique Segarra

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198781837

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198781830.001.0001

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Union Politics, Market‐Oriented Reforms, and the Reshaping of Argentine Corporatism

Union Politics, Market‐Oriented Reforms, and the Reshaping of Argentine Corporatism

Chapter:
(p.72) 3 Union Politics, Market‐Oriented Reforms, and the Reshaping of Argentine Corporatism
Source:
The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America
Author(s):

M. Victoria Murillo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198781830.003.0003

Market‐oriented reforms and the withdrawal of the Argentine state from important economic reforms under the government of President Carlos Menem posed major challenges for the Argentine union movement, traditionally allied to the Peronist party of Menem. The author identifies three distinct strategies pursued by segments of the union movement in response to market reforms—‘opposition’, ‘loyalty’, and ‘organizational autonomy’. The latter constituted the strongest departure from union traditions in Argentina, and entailed the development of new organizational resources adapted to the new environment of economic competition. Unions pursuing organizational autonomy moved from corporatist dependence on state regulation towards ownership and administration of productive and consumption activities. The author argues that organizational autonomy as a strategic response to market reform was shaped by the re‐distribution of union power resources (industrial, political, and organizational) as well as by organizational legacies.

Keywords:   corporatism, labour unions, market reform, organizational autonomy, Peronism, union resources (political, organizational, and industrial)

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