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The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration$
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Richard S. Katz and Bernhard Wessels

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198296606.001.0001

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Which Political Competencies for Which Political Level?

Which Political Competencies for Which Political Level?

Chapter:
(p.174) 9 Which Political Competencies for Which Political Level?
Source:
The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration
Author(s):

Bernhard Wessels

Achim Kielhorn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198296606.003.0009

Why has economic integration been followed by political integration, and what are the factors of resistance working against it? This chapter takes a rationalistic and institutional perspective on the process of shifting competencies in the EU. Drawing on the debate about globalization, the hypotheses that the globalization of problems and the globalization of the economy are of crucial importance are tested, and are found to clearly support policy shift. From the debate about institutions as constraints and facilitators of action, a further two hypotheses are derived. Vested interests are found to place an institutional constraint on political flexibility, and national institutional settings are found to account for the differences in support for shifting competencies between members of national parliaments.

Keywords:   globalization, institutions, policy competencies

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