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The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration$
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Richard S. Katz and Bernhard Wessels

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198296606.001.0001

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Recruitment into the European Parliament

Recruitment into the European Parliament

Chapter:
(p.86) 5 Recruitment into the European Parliament
Source:
The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration
Author(s):

Pippa Norris (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198296606.003.0005

This chapter continues the theme of looking beyond institutional structures and formal rules to the abilities, skills, and experiences of individuals in order to gain a fuller picture of the effectiveness and legitimacy of the European Parliament. This is placed within the framework of theories of professionalization and theories of social representation. In terms of career politicians, the EP is found to be as highly professionalized as national parliaments, which may be expected to promote continuity and cohesion in policy‐making. On the other hand, this may be argued to make politicians increasingly out of touch with the concerns of the European public, which is compounded by the fact that the profile of the MEPs largely reflects the well‐known social biases evident throughout political elites.

Keywords:   professionalization, social representation

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