Global Location Behavior and Organizational Dynamics of Japanese Electronics Firms and Their Impact on Regional Economies *
Building on the experience of nine Japanese electronics firms after World War II, the authors look at the explanatory contribution of selective factor disadvantages operating at the country level (hard countries) and of local rivalry (the stimulus of pressures) to the survival and growth of these firms. Their argument, which stresses the spatial influence on firm strategy, is close to that of Enright in the previous chapter. Since Fujita and Ishii look at the global operations of their nine selected firms, they are also able bring to the fore the geographical dispersal and local spatially determined dynamics as they impact firm strategy. Their detailed analysis shows that globalization of the chosen firms is a function of the desire to remain competitive. However, it also notes that fundamental problems have arisen for the Japanese electronics industry as well as for the Japanese economy, and these are identified as primarily institutional and competitive in type.
Keywords: companies, competition, competitiveness, electronics industry, firms, geographical dispersal, global location behaviour, growth, institutional factors, Japan, organizational dynamics, regional economy, rivalry, selective factor disadvantages, spatial factors, strategy, survival
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