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The Politics of Presence$
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Anne Phillips

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198294158.001.0001

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Quotas for Women

Quotas for Women

(p.57) Chapter 3 Quotas for Women
The Politics of Presence

Anne Phillips (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In recent decades, a significant number of political parties have taken steps to increase the representation of women in national assemblies, often by introducing gender quotas. The arguments for this fall into four categories: those that dwell on the role model that successful women politicians offer; those that appeal to principles of justice between the sexes; those that identify particular interests of women that would otherwise be overlooked; and those that see women as introducing new forms of political behaviour. The case for quotas depends on the idea that interests are gendered, but should not presume a unitary set of women's interests. The use of quotas raises new questions about the accountability of representatives to their constituents.

Keywords:   accountability, essentialism, feminism, gender quotas, justice, political behaviour, political parties, role models, women's interests, women's representation

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