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Semi-Presidentialism in Europe
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Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Robert Elgie


Semi‐presidentialism is an increasingly popular form of constitutional government. Semi‐presidential regimes can now be found in Western Europe, in Austria, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, and Portugal, in Central and Eastern Europe, including Bulgaria, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, and Ukraine; in Asia, in places such as Mongolia, South Korea, and Sri Lanka; and elsewhere in, e.g. Guyana, Haiti, Angola, and Namibia. By definition, all of these countries share a similar set of basic constitutional features, namely, a directly elected fixed‐term president and a prime minister ... More

Keywords: Austria, Bulgaria, constitutional arrangements, constitutional powers, Europe, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, Lithuania, Poland, political parties, political practice, political systems, president, prime minister, Romania, Russia, Semi‐presidentialism, Slovenia, Ukraine

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1999 Print ISBN-13: 9780198293866
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0198293860.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert Elgie, editor
University of Limerick
Author Webpage