Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
National Self-Determination and Secession$

Margaret Moore

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293842

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198293844.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 23 May 2017

(p.266) Select Bibliography

(p.266) Select Bibliography

National Self-Determination and Secession
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Adamson, I. (1974), Cruthin: The Ancient Kindred (Newtownards, NI: Nosmada Books).

Akenson, D. H. (1991), God's People: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel, and Ulster (Montreal and Kingston: McGill‐Queen's University Press).

Alesina, A. and Spolaore, E. (1995), ‘On the Number and Size of Nations’, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 5050, March 1995.

Anderson, B. (1983), Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London and New York: Verso).

Andrew, E. (1988), Shylock's Rights: A Grammar of Lockian Claims (Toronto: University of Toronto Press).

Appiah, K. A. (1996), ‘Cosmopolitan Patriots’, in J. Cohen (ed.), For Love of Country (Boston: Beacon Press).

Arend, A. C. and Beck, R. (1993), International Law and the Use of Force: Beyond the U.N. Charter (New York: Routledge).

Armstrong, J. (1982), Nations Before Nationalism (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press).

Attanasio, J. B. (1991), ‘The Rights of Ethnic Minorities: The Emerging Mosaic’, Notre Dame Law Review, 66: 1205–08.

Barber, B. R. (1996), ‘Constitutional Faith’, in Cohen (ed.), For Love of Country.

Baron, S. (1985), Ethnic Minority Rights: Some Older and New Trends, the Tenth Sacks Lecture, 26 May 1983 (Oxford: Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies).

Barry, Brian (1989), Democracy, Power, and Justice (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Bauhn, P. (1995), Nationalism and Morality (Lund: Lund University Press).

Beiner, R. S. (1992), What's The Matter with Liberalism? (Berkeley: University of California Press).

—— (1998), Philosophy in a Time of Lost Spirit: Essays on Contemporary Theory (Toronto: University of Toronto Press).

Beitz, C. (1989), Political Equality (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Bennet, C. (1995), Yugoslavia's Bloody Collapse: Causes, Course and Consequences (New York: New York University Press).

Beran, H. (1984), ‘A Liberal Theory of Secession’, Political Studies, 32: 21–31.

Berat, L. (1990), Walvis Bay: Decolonization and International Law (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Berg, J. (1991), ‘The Right to Self‐Determination’, Public Affairs Quarterly, 5: 211–25.

Berlin, I. (1992), ‘The Bent Twig’, in H. Hardy (ed.), The Crooked Timber of Humanity (New York: Vintage Books).

Bernier, J. (1997), ‘Liberalism, Secession, and the Problem of Internal Minorities’, paper presented to the American Political Science Association, Washington, August 1997.

(p.267) Bin Mohamad, M. (1970), The Malay Dilemma (Singapore: Donald Moore).

Binder, G. (1993), ‘The Case for Self‐Determination’, Stanford Journal of International Law, 29: 223–70.

Birch, A. H. (1984), ‘Another Liberal Theory of Secession’, Political Studies, 32: 596–602.

Bremmer, I. and Taras, R. (1997), New States, New Politics: Building the Post‐Soviet Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Breuilly, J. (1985), Nationalism and the State (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Brighouse, H. (1998), ‘Against Nationalism’ in J. Couture, K. Nielsen, and M. Seymour (eds.), Rethinking Nationalism (Calgary: University of Calgary Press).

Brilmayer, Lea (1991), ‘Secession and Self‐Determination: A Territorial Interpretation’, Yale Journal of International Law, 16: 177–202.

Brubaker, R. (1992), Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

—— (1995), ‘Aftermaths of Empire and the Unmixing of Peoples: Historical and Comparative Perspectives’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 18/2: 189–218.

—— (1996), Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Buchanan, Allen (1989), ‘Assessing the Communitarian Critique of Liberalism’, Ethics, 99: 852–82.

—— (1991), Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce from Fort Sumter to Lithuania and Quebec (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

—— (1992), ‘Self‐Determination and the Right to Secede’, Journal of International Affairs, 45: 347–65.

—— (1993), ‘The Role of Collective Rights in the Theory of Indigenous Peoples' Rights’, Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, 3: 90–108.

—— (1996), ‘What's So Special About Nations?’, in Couture, Nielsen, and Seymour (eds.), Rethinking Nationalism.

—— (1997), ‘Theories of Secession’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 26/1: 30–61.

—— (1997), ‘Secession, Self‐Determination, and the Rule of International Law’, in J. McMahan and R. McKim (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Buchheit, L. (1978), Secession: The Legitimacy of Self‐Determination (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Bugajski, J. (1995), Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe (London: M. E. Sharpe).

Burleigh, M. and Wippermann, W. (1991), The Racial State: Germany 1933–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Cairns, Alan (1995), ‘The Legacy of the Referendum: Who are We Now?’, paper prepared for a post‐referendum panel organized by the Centre for Constitutional Studies, University of Alberta.

Calhoun, Craig (1991), ‘The Problem of Identity in Collective Action’, in Joan Huber (ed.), Macro‐Micro Linkages in Sociology (Newbury Park, Calif: Sage).

Caney, S., George, D., and Jones, P. (eds.) (1996), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

Cassese, A. (1979), ‘Political Self‐Determination: Old Concepts and New Developments’, in A. Cassese (ed.), UN Law/Fundamental Rights: Two Topics in International Law (Alphenaanden Rijn, Neths.: Sijthoff and Noordhoff).

(p.268) Chazan, Naomi (ed.) (1991), Irredentism and International Politics (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner).

Chen, L.‐C. (1991), ‘Self‐Determination and World Public Order’, Notre Dame Law Review, 66: 1287–97.

Christiano, T. (1990), ‘Freedom, Consensus, and Equality in Collective Decision‐Making’, Ethics, 101: 151–81.

—— (1996), The Rule of the Many (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

Cohen, G. A. (1988), History, Labour and Freedom (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Conference on Security and Co‐operation in Europe (1990), Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension, 29 June 1990, 29 I.L.M., 1305–24.

Connor, Walker (1984), The National Question in Marxist‐Leninist Theory and Strategy (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

—— (1994), Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

—— (1997), ‘From a Theory of Relative Economic Deprivation Toward a Theory of Relative Political Deprivation’, paper presented to a Conference on ‘Minority Nationalism and the New State Order’, London, Ont., 7–8 November 1997.

Copp, D. (1997), ‘Democracy and Communal Self‐Determination’, in McMahan and McKim (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism.

Crawford, J. (1979), The Creation of States in International Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Crnobrnja, M. (1994), The Yugoslav Drama (Montreal and Kingston: McGill‐Queen's University Press).

Crowther, W. (1993), ‘Exploring Political Culture: A Comparative Analysis of Romania and Moldova’, unpub. paper, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC.

Daes, E. A. (1993), ‘Consideration of the Right of Indigenous Peoples to Self‐Determination’, Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, 3: 1–11.

Dahl, R. (1989), Democracy and its Critics (New Haven, Conn. and London: Yale University Press).

Dawes, W. D. (1991), The Territorial Dimension of Judaism (Minneapolis: Fortress Press).

De George, R. T. (1991), ‘The Myth of the Right of Collective Self‐Determination’, in Twining (ed.), Issues of Self‐Determination.

Denitch, B. (1996), Ethnic Nationalism: The Tragic Death of Yugoslavia, rev. edn. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

De Silva, C. R. (1987), Sri Lanka: A History (New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House).

De Zayas, A. (1986), A Terrible Revenge: The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944–1950 (New York: St Martin's Press).

Djilas, M. (1991), The Contested Country (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Donnelly, D. K. (1996), ‘State and Substates in a Free World: A Theory of National Self‐Determination’, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 2/2: 286–311.

Dworkin, R. (1981), ‘What is Equality? part 1: Equality of Welfare’, and ‘What is Equality? part 2: Equality of Resources’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 10/4: 283–345.

(p.269) —— (1984), ‘Rights as Trumps’, in J. Waldron (ed.), Theories of Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1987), ‘What is Equality? part 4: Political Equality’, University of San Francisco Law Review, 22/1: 1–30.

Eastwood Jr., L. S. (1993), ‘Secession: State Practice and International Law After the Dissolution of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia’, Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law, 3: 299–349.

Elazar, D. (1994), Federalism and the Way to Peace (Queen's University, Kingston: Institute of Intergovernmental Affairs).

Elster, J. (1988), ‘Introduction’, in J. Elster and R. Slagstad (eds.), Constitutionalism and Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Emerson, Rupert (1960), From Empire to Nation (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

—— (1964), Self‐Determination Revisited in an Era of Decolonization (Harvard University Center for International Affairs, Occasional Papers in International Affairs, No. 9).

—— (1971), ‘Self‐Determination’, American Journal of International Law, 65/3: 459–75.

Etzioni, A. (1992–3), ‘The Evils of Self‐Determination’, Foreign Policy, 89: 21–35.

Falkowski, J. E. (1991), ‘Secessionary Self‐Determination: A Jeffersonian Perspective’, Boston University International Law Journal, 9: 209–42.

Fearon, J. D. and Laitin, D. (1996), ‘Explaining Interethnic Cooperation’, American Political Science Review, 90/4: 715–35.

Franck, T. M. (1992), ‘The Emerging Right to Democratic Governance’, American Journal of International Law, 86: 46–91.

French, S. and Gutmann, A. (1974), ‘The Principle of National Self‐Determination’, in V. Held, S. Morgenbesser, and T. Nagel (eds.), Philosophy, Morality and International Affairs (New York: Oxford University Press).

Gauthier, D. (1994), ‘Breaking Up: An Essay on Secession’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 24: 357–72.

Gellner, Ernest (1965), ‘Nationalism’ in Thought and Change (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

—— (1983), Nations and Nationalism (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).

—— (1996), ‘Do Nations Have Navels?’, Nations and Nationalism, 2/3: 366–70.

Gibson, J. L. and Duch, R. M. (1991), ‘Attitudes toward Jews and the Soviet Political Culture’, Journal of Soviet Nationalities, 2: 77–117.

Glendon, M. (1991), Rights Talk: The Impoverishment of Political Discourse (New York: Free Press).

Graff, J. A. (1994), ‘Human Rights, Peoples and Self‐Determination’, in J. Baker (ed.), Group Rights (Toronto: University of Toronto Press).

Grand Council of the Crees (1995), Sovereign Injustice: Forcible Inclusion of the James Bay Cree and Cree Territory Into a Sovereign Quebec (Grand Council of the Crees).

Gross, L. (1948), ‘The Peace of Westphalia’, American Journal of International Law, 42: 20–41.

Halberstam, M. (1989), ‘Self‐Determination in the Arab–Israeli Conflict: Meaning, Myth and Politics’, New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, 21: 465–87.

(p.270) Halperin, M. and Lomasney K. (1993), ‘Toward a Global “Guarantee Clause” ’, Journal of Democracy, 4: 60–9.

—— and Sheffer, D. J. (1992), Self‐Determination in the New World Order (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace).

Hannum, H. (1990), Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self‐Determination: The Accommodation of Conflicting Rights (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press).

—— (1991), ‘Contemporary Developments in the International Protection of the Rights of Minorities’, Notre Dame Law Review, 66: 1431–48.

—— (n.d.), ‘Self‐Determination, Yugoslavia, and Europe: Old Wine in New Bottles?’, unpub. paper.

Hardin, R. (1995), One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Harpes, J.‐P. (ed.) (forthcoming), Nouvelles voies de la démocratie (Luxembourg: Presses du parlement européen).

Hayden, R. M. (1992), ‘Constitutional Nationalism in the Former Yugoslav Republics’, Slavic Review, 51: 654–73.

—— (1995), ‘Constitutional Nationalism and the Wars in Yugoslavia’, paper prepared for the Conference on ‘Post‐Communism and Ethnic Mobilization’, Cornell University, 21–3 April 1995.

Hehir, J. B. (1995), ‘Intervention: From Theories to Cases’, Ethics and International Affairs, 9: 1–13.

Helsinki Watch (1988), Destroying Ethnic Identity: The Kurds of Turkey (New York: Helsinki Watch).

Heraclides, A. (1990), ‘Secessionist Minorities and External Involvement’, International Organization, 44: 341–78.

—— (1991), The Self‐Determination of Minorities in International Politics (London: Frank Cass).

—— (1992), ‘Secession, Self‐Determination and Non‐intervention: In Quest of a Normative Synthesis’, Journal of International Affairs, 45: 399–420.

Higgins, R. (1963), The Development of International Law through the Political Organs of the United Nations (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Hirschman, A. O. (1970), Exit, Voice and Loyalty (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Hobsbawm, E. J. (1990), Nations and Nationalism Since 1780 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

—— (1996), ‘Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe Today’, in Gopal Balakrishnan (ed.), Mapping the Nation (London and New York: Verso).

Hollinger, D. (1995), Post‐Ethnic America (New York: Basic Books).

Holmes, S. (1988), ‘Gag Rules or the Politics of Omission’ in J. Elster and R. Slagstad (eds.), Constitutionalism and Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Horowitz, Donald, L. (1985), Ethnic Groups in Conflict (Berkeley: University of California Press).

—— (1990), ‘Making Moderation Pay: The Comparative Politics of Ethnic Conflict Management’, in J. V. Montville (ed.), Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic States (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books).

—— (1991), ‘Irredentas and Secessions: Adjacent Phenomena, Neglected Connections’, in N. Chazan (ed.), Irredentism and International Politics (Boulder: Lynne Rienner).

(p.271) —— (1991), A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Berkeley: University of California Press).

—— (1992), ‘A Harvest of Hostility: Ethnic Conflict and Self‐Determination After the Cold War’, Defence Intelligence Journal, 1: 137–63.

Howard, R. (1995), Human Rights and the Search for Community (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

Howse, R. and Knop, K. (1993), ‘Federalism, Secession, and the Limits of Ethnic Accommodation: A Canadian Perspective’, New Europe Law Review, 1: 269–320.

Human Rights Watch/Helsinki (1994), Denying Ethnic Identity: The Macedonians of Greece (New York: Human Rights Watch/Helsinki).

Huttenbach, H. (1993), ‘Post‐Factum Diplomacy: Bonn's Revisionist Apologia for Its Policy of Recognizing Croatia’, Association for the Study of Nationalities, Analysis of Current Events, 5: 1–3.

Jennings, Ivor (1956), The Approach to Self‐Government (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Kampelman, M. M. (1993), ‘Secession and the Right of Self‐Determination: An Urgent Need to Harmonize Principle with Pragmatism’, Washington Quarterly, 16: 5–12.

Kaufman, C. (1996), ‘Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars’, International Security, 20: 136–75.

Kaufman, S. (1994–5), ‘The Irresistible Force and the Imperceptible Object: The Yugoslav Breakup and Western Policy’, Security Studies, 4: 281–329.

Keating, M. (1996), Nations Against the State: The New Politics of Nationalism in Quebec, Catalonia and Scotland (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

—— (1997), ‘Nations Without States: The Accommodation of Nationalism in the New State Order’, paper presented to a Conference on ‘Minority Nationalism in the New State Order’, London, Ont. 7–8 November 1997.

Kedourie, E. (1960), Nationalism (London: Hutchinson).

Kingsbury, B. (1992), ‘Claims by Non‐State Groups in International Law’, Cornell International Law Journal, 25: 481–530.

—— (1992), ‘Self‐Determination and “Indigenous Peoples” ’, in Proceedings of the American Society of International Law, 86th Annual Meeting: 383–94.

—— (1995), ‘Indigenous Peoples as an International Legal Concept’, in R. H. Barnes et al. (eds.), Indigenous Peoples of Asia (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Association for Asian Studies).

Kirby, M. (1993), ‘The Peoples' Right to Self‐Determination’, New Zealand Law Journal (Sept.), 341–4.

Kolodner, E. (1994), ‘The Future of the Right to Self‐Determination’, Connecticut Journal of International Law, 10: 153–67.

Kolstoe, P. (1995), Russians in the Former Soviet Republics (Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press).

Kovács, M. (1995), ‘A nemzeti önredelkezés csapdája’ [‘The Trap of National Self‐Determination’], Népszabadság, 12 Aug.

Kreyenbroek, P. G. and Sperl, S. (eds.) (1992), The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview (London: Routledge).

Kuper, L. (1981), Genocide: Its Political Uses in the Twentieth Century (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

(p.272) Kymlicka, Will (1995), Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Ladas, S. P. (1932), The Exchange of Minorities: Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey (New York: Macmillan).

Laforest, G. (1995), De l'Urgence (Montreal: Boréal).

Laitin, D. (1995), ‘Ethnic Cleansing, Liberal Style’, MacArthur Foundation Program in Transnational Security, Working Papers Series, M.I.T. Center for International Studies and Harvard Center for International Affairs.

Landis, J. B. (1973), ‘Racial Attitudes of Africans and Indians in Guyana’, Social and Economic Studies, 22: 427–39.

Lapidoth, R. (1994), ‘Autonomy: Potential and Limitations’, International Journal on Group Rights, 1: 269–90.

Lemarchand, R. (1986), ‘Ethnic Violence in Tropical Africa’, in J. F. Stack, Jr. (ed.), The Primordial Challenge: Ethnicity in the Contemporary World (New York: Greenwood Press).

Levesque, R. (1968), An Option for Quebec (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart).

Levine, A. (1998), ‘Just Nationalism: The Future of an Illusion’, in Couture, Nielsen, and Seymour (eds.), Rethinking Nationalism.

Levinson, S. (1995), ‘Is Liberal Nationalism an Oxymoron?’, Ethics, 105: 626–45.

Lichtenberg, J. (1981), ‘National Boundaries and Moral Boundaries: A Cosmopolitan View’, in Peter G. Brown and Henry Shue (eds.), Boundaries: National Autonomy and Its Limits (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield).

Lijphart, A. (1977), Democracy in Plural Societies (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Lind, M. (1994), ‘In Defense of Liberal Nationalism’, Foreign Affairs, 73/3: 87–99.

—— (1995), The Next American Nation (New York: Free Press).

Lustick, I. (1995), ‘What Gives a People Rights to a Land?’, Queen's Quarterly , 102/4: 53–68.

MacCormick, N. (1991), ‘Is Nationalism Philosophically Credible?’, in W. Twining (ed.), Issues of Self‐Determination (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press).

McCorquodale, R. (1992), ‘Self‐Determination Beyond the Colonial Context and Its Potential Impact on Africa’, African Journal of International and Comparative Law, 4: 592–608.

McDowall, D. (1992), The Kurds: A Nation Denied (London: Minority Rights Group).

McGarry, J. (1998), ‘Demographic Engineering: The State‐Directed Movement of Ethnic Groups as a Technique of Conflict Regulation’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 21/4.

—— and O'Leary, B. (1993), ‘Introduction: The Macro‐Political Regulation of Ethnic Conflict’, in J. McGarry and B. O'Leary (eds.), The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation (London and New York: Routledge).

—— —— (1995), Explaining Northern Ireland: Broken Images (Oxford: Blackwell).

Maine, H. S. (1931), Ancient Law (London: Oxford University Press).

Margalit, A. and Raz, J. (1990), ‘National Self‐Determination’, Journal of Philosophy, 87: 439–61.

Marrus, M. (1985), The Unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford University Press).

(p.273) Masalha, N. (1992), Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of ‘Transfer’ in Zionist Political Thought 1882–1948 (Washington, DC: Institute for Palestine Studies).

Maxwell, M. (1992), ‘Normative Aspects of Secession and Supranationalism’, paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.

Melvin, N. (1995), Russians Beyond Russia (London: Royal Institute of National Affairs).

Michalska, A. (1991), ‘Rights of Peoples to Self‐Determination in International Law’, in W. Twining (ed.), Issues of Self‐Determination (Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen Press).

Mill, J. S. (1873), ‘A Few Words on Non‐Intervention’, in his Dissertations and Discussions, iii (New York: Henry Holt).

—— (1951), ‘Considerations on Representative Government’, in Mill, Utilitarianism, Liberty, and Representative Government (New York: E. P. Dutton (originally pub. 1861)).

Miller, David (1988), ‘The Ethical Significance of Nationality’, Ethics, 98: 647–62.

—— (1993), ‘In Defence of Nationality’, Journal of Applied Philosophy, 10: 3–16.

—— (1995), On Nationality (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

—— (1996), ‘On Nationality’, Nations and Nationalism, 2/3: 409–21.

—— (1998), ‘The Limits of Cosmopolitan Justice’, in D. R. Mapel and T. Nardin (eds.), The Constitution of International Society: Diverse Ethical Perspectives (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

—— (forthcoming), ‘Justice and Global Inequality’, in A. Hurrell and N. Woods (eds.), Inequality in World Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Moore, Margaret (1996), ‘Miller's Ode to National Homogeneity’, Nations and Nationalism, 2/3: 423–9.

—— (1997), ‘On National Self‐Determination’, Political Studies, 45/5: 900–13.

—— (forthcoming), ‘The Limits of Liberal Nationalism’, in Brendan O'Leary and George Schopflin (eds.), Understanding Nationalism (London: Edgar Allen).

Nagel, J. (1980), ‘The Conditions of Ethnic Separatism’, Ethnicity, 7: 279–97.

Nanda, V. P. (1992), ‘Ethnic Conflict in Fiji and International Human Rights Law’, Cornell International Law Journal, 25: 565–77.

Nickel, James (1995), ‘What is Wrong with Ethnic Cleansing?’, Journal of Social Philosophy, 26/1: 5–15.

Nielsen, Kai (1993), ‘Secession: The Case of Quebec’, Journal of Applied Philosophy, 10: 29–43.

—— (1996–7), ‘Cultural Nationalism, Neither Ethnic nor Civic’, Philosophical Forum, 28/1–2: 42–52.

Norman, W. (1994), ‘Toward a Philosophy of Federalism’, in Judith Baker (ed.), Group Rights (Toronto: University of Toronto Press).

—— (1995), ‘The Ideology of Shared Values’, in J. Carens (ed.), Is Quebec Nationalism Just? (Montreal and Kingston: McGill‐Queen's University Press).

—— (1998), ‘Démocratie et secession’, in J.‐P. Harpes (ed.), Nouvelles voies de la democratie (Luxembourg: Presses du parlement europeen).

Nussbaum, M. (1996), ‘Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism’, in J. Cohen (ed.), For Love of Country (Boston: Beacon Press), 3–17.

Ofuatey‐Kodjoe, W. (1977), The Principles of Self‐Determination in International Law (New York: Nellen).

(p.274) O'Leary, B. (1997), ‘On the Nature of Nationalism’, British Journal of Political Science, 27: 191–222.

—— and McGarry, J. (1993), The Politics of Antagonism: Understanding Northern Ireland (London: Athlone).

——Lyne, T., Marshall, J., and Rowthorn, B. (1993), Northern Ireland: Sharing Authority (London: Institute for Public Policy Research).

Pellet, A. (1992), ‘The Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee: A Second Breath for the Self‐Determination of Peoples’, European Journal of International Law, 3: 178–85.

Pentzopoulos, D. (1962), The Balkan Exchange of Minorities and its Impact upon Greece (Paris: Mouton).

Petropulos, J. A. (1976), ‘The Compulsory Exchange of Populations: Greek‐Turkish Peacemaking, 1922–1930’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 2: 135–60.

Pflanze, O. (1966), ‘Characteristics of Nationalism in Europe: 1848–1871’, Review of Politics, 28: 129–43.

Philpott, Daniel (1995), ‘In Defence of Self‐Determination’, Ethics, 105/2: 352–85.

Pogge, T. (1992), ‘Cosmopolitanism and Sovereignty’, Ethics, 103: 48–75.

Premdas, R. R. (1990), ‘Secessionist Movements in Comparative Perspective’, in R. R. Premdas, S. W. R. de A. Samarasinghe, and A. P. Anderson (eds.), Seces‐sionist Movements in Comparative Perspective (London: Pinter).

Rawls, J. (1971), A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Raz, J. (1986), The Morality of Freedom (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Roemer, J. (1985), ‘Equality of Talent’, Economics and Philosophy, 1/2.

Rothschild, J. (1974), East Central Europe between the Two World Wars (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press).

—— (1981), Ethnopolitics (New York: Columbia University Press).

Said, E. and Hitchens, C. (1988) (eds.), Blaming the Victims (London: Verso).

Sandel, M. J. (1982), Liberalism and the Limits of Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Schuman, H., Steeh, C., and Bobo, L. (1985), Racial Attitudes in America (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Seton‐Watson, H. (1977), Nations and States; An Enquiry into the Origins of Nations and the Politics of Nationalism (London: Methuen).

Simmons, A. J. (1979), Moral Principles and Political Obligations (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Smith, A. D. (1971), Theories of Nationalism (London: Duckworth).

—— (1986), The Ethnic Origins of Nations (Oxford: Blackwell).

—— (1996), ‘The Nation: Real or Imagined?’, Nations and Nationalism, 2/3: 358–65.

Sniderman, P. M. and Piazza, T. (1993), The Scar of Race (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Stannard, David, E. (1993), American Holocaust (New York: Oxford University Press).

Steiner, H. (1996), ‘Territorial Justice’, in S. Caney, D. George, and P. Jones (eds.), National Rights, International Obligations (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

(p.275) Steinhardt, R. G. (n.d.) ‘International Law and Self‐Determination’, unpub. paper, Atlantic Council Project on Individual Rights, Group Rights, National Sovereignty, and International Law, 41–3.

Strengthening Democratic Institutions Project (1992), Fact Sheet on Ethnic and Regional Conflicts in the Russian Federation (Cambridge, Mass.: Strengthening Democratic Institutions Project, Harvard University, Sept. 1992).

Sunstein, Cass (1991), ‘Constitutionalism and Secession’, University of Chicago Law Review, 58/2: 633–70.

Tamir, Yael (1991), ‘The Right to National Self‐Determination’, Social Research, 58: 565–90.

—— (1993), Liberal Nationalism (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Taylor, A. J. P. (1961), The Origins of the Second World War (London: Hamish Hamilton).

—— (1976), The Habsburg Monarchy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Taylor, C. (1992), ‘The Politics of Recognition’, in A. Gutmann (ed.), Multicultural‐ism and the ‘Politics of Recognition (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

—— (1993), ‘Alternative Futures’, in G. Laforest (ed.), Reconciling the Solitudes: Essays on Canadian Federalism and Nationalism (Montreal and Kingston: McGill‐Queen's University Press).

Thornberry, P. (1989), ‘Self‐Determination, Minorities, Human Rights: A Review of International Instruments’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 38: 867–89.

—— (1991), Minorities and Human Rights Law (London: Minority Rights Group).

Tilly, C. (1984), Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons (New York: Russell Sage Foundation).

Tishkov, V. A. (1993), ‘Nationalities and Conflicting Ethnicity in Post‐Communist Russia’, Conflict Management Group, Working Papers on Ethnic Conflict Management in the Former Soviet Union (Cambridge, Mass., April).

UNESCO (1960), ‘UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education’, United Nations Treaty Series, 429.

UNITED NATIONS (1951), ‘International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide’, United Nations Treaty Series, 277.

—— (1993), Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, United Nations General Assembly, A/RES/47/135, 3 February, 1993 (adopted 18 Dec. 1992).

Vujacic, V. and Zaslavsky, V., ‘The Causes of Disintegration in the USSR and Yugoslavia’, Telos, 88: 120–40.

Waldron, Jeremy (1992), ‘Minority Cultures and the Cosmopolitan Option’, University of Michigan Law Reform, 25: 751–93.

Walzer, M. (1977), Just and Unjust Wars (New York: Basic Books).

—— (1992), ‘The New Tribalism’, Dissent (Spring), 164–71.

Weil, F. D. (1985), ‘The Variable Effects of Education on Liberal Attitudes: A Comparative Historical Analysis of Anti‐Semitism Using Public Opinion Survey Data’, American Sociological Review, 50: 458–74.

Wellman, C. H. (1995), ‘A Defence of Secession and Political Self‐Determination’, Philosophy and Public Affairs, 24/2: 142–71.

(p.276) Winthrop, J. (1964), ‘Reasons to be Considered, and Objections with Answers’, repr. in Edmund, S. Morgan (ed.), The Founding of Massachusetts: Historians and the Sources (Indianapolis: Bobbs‐Merrill).

Wood, J. (1981), ‘Secession: A Comparative Analytic Framework’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, 14: 107–34.

Woodward, S. (1995), Balkan Tragedy (Washington: Brookings Institution).

Wright, R. (1992), Stolen Continents: The ‘New World’ Through Indian Eyes (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

Yack, B. (1995), ‘Reconciling Liberalism and Nationalism’, Political Theory, 23/1: 166–82.

—— (1996), ‘The Myth of the Civic Nation’, Critical Review, 10/2: 193–211.

Young, R. (1994), ‘How Do Peaceful Secessions Happen?’, Canadian Journal of Political Science, 26/4: 773–92.

Zaslavsky, V. (1992), ‘The Evolution of Separatism in Soviet Society under Gorbachev’, in G. W. Lapidus, V. Zaslavsky, and P. Goldman (eds.), From Union to Commonwealth: Nationalism and Separatism in the Soviet Republics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).