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A System of Rights$

Rex Martin

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292937

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198292937.001.0001

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(p.417) Select Bibliography

(p.417) Select Bibliography

Source:
A System of Rights
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Most of the items I have written (or co‐authored) that are relevant to this study are listed in Part 2 of this bibliography. A few additional items have been cited in individual notes. These items are not repeated here. Nor are books originally published before 1919 (the end of the First World War) listed again in this bibliography, for all are adequately cited in individual notes. Nor are the doctoral dissertations, court cases, or laws mentioned in the text (or notes) listed again, for the same reason. With these exceptions, everything cited in the present book is listed in Part 1 of the bibliography below, as are a few other pertinent items as well.

A (b) at the end of an entry indicates that the item in question contains a particularly useful bibliography.

Part 1

Abel, Charles F., and Frank H. Marsh (1984), Punishment and Restitution: A Restitutionary Approach to Crime and the Criminal (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press).

Acton, H. B. (ed.) (1969), The Philosophy of Punishment: A Collection of Papers (London: Macmillan; New York: St. Martins Press). (b)

Airaksinen, Timo (1984), “Coercion, Deterrence, and Authority,” Theory and Decision 17: 105–17.

Allen, R. E. (1972), “Law and Justice in Plato's Crito,” Journal of Philosophy 69: 557–67.

—— (1980), Socrates and Legal Obligation (Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press). (Includes new translations of the Apology, pp. 37–62, and the Crito, pp. 115–28.)

American Law Institute (1962), Model Penal Code: Official Draft and Explanatory Notes, adopted May 24, 1962 (Philadelphia: American Law Institute, 1985).

American Psychiatric Association (1983), “Statement on the Insanity Defense,” American Journal of Psychiatry 140. G: 681–8. (This statement was adopted in December 1982.)

Arrow, Kenneth J. (1963), Social Choice and Individual Values, Cowles Foundation Research in Economics at Yale University, monograph no. 12, 2nd edn. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press). (First pub. New York: John Wiley, 1951.)

Bandman, Bertram (1973), “Rights and Claims,” Journal of Value Inquiry 7: 204–13.

Barnett, Randy E. (1977), “Restitution: A New Paradigm of Criminal Justice,” Ethics 87: 279–301.

—— (1980), “The Justice of Restitution,” American Journal of Jurisprudence 25: 117–32.

Barnhart, J. E. (1969), “Human Rights as Absolute Claims and Reasonable Expectations,” American Philosophical Quarterly 6: 335–39.

Barry, Brian. (1965), Political Argument (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

—— (1967), “The Public Interest,” in Anthony Quinton (ed.), Political Philosophy (p.418) (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 112–26.

(Reprinted from Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, suppl. vol. 38 [1964], 1–18.)

Bayles, Michael D. (1972), “ A Concept of Coercion,” in J. Roland Pennock and John W. Chapman (eds.), Coercion, Nomos, xiv (Chicago: Aldine‐Atherton), 16–29.

Becker, Lawrence C. (1980), “The Obligation to Work,” Ethics 91: 35–49.

Bedau, Hugo A. (1968), “The Right to Life,” Monist 52: 550–72.

—— (1981), “How to Argue about Prisoners' Rights: Some Simple Ways,” Rutgers Law Review 33: 687–705. (The original version of this paper is found in Bedau 1982b: 335–44.)

—— (ed.) (1982a), The Death Penalty in America, 3rd edn. (New York: Oxford University Press).

—— (1982b), “Prisoners' Rights,” in Elliston and Bowie (1982: 321–46).

(Also pub. in Criminal Justice Ethics 1 [1982], 26–41.)

—— (1986), “Capital Punishment,” in Tom Regan (ed.), Matters of Life and Death: New Introductory Essays in Moral Philosophy, 2nd edn. (New York: Random House), 175–212. (First pub. 1980.)

Benn, S. I. (1967), “Punishment,” in Paul Edwards (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy, vii (New York: Macmillan and Free Press), 29–36.

—— and R. S. Peters (1965), The Principles of Political Thought (New York: Free Press). (First pub. as Social Principles and the Democratic State [London: Allen and Unwin, 1959].)

Berger, Fred R. (1984), Happiness, Justice, and Freedom: The Moral Philosophy of John Stuart Mill (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press).

Beveridge, William (1944), Full Employment in a Free Society: A Report (London: George Allen and Unwin).

Bickel, Alexander M. (1955), “The Original Understanding and the Segregation Decision,” Harvard Law Review 69: 1–65.

Black, Duncan. (1968), The Theory of Committees and Elections (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). (First pub. 1958.)

Bonnie, Richard J. (1983), “The Moral Basis of the Insanity Defense,” American Bar Association Journal 69: 194–7.

—— (1984), “Morality, Equality, and Expertise: Renegotiating the Relationship between Psychiatry and the Criminal Law,” Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 12. 1: 5–20.

Bork, Robert H. (1971), “Neutral Principles and Some First Amendment Problems,” Indiana Law Journal 47: 1–35.

Brandt, Richard B. (1979), A Theory of the Good and the Right (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1983), “The Concept of a Moral Right and its Function.” Journal of Philosophy 80: 29–45.

—— (1984a), “Comments on Professor Card's Critique,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14: 31–7.

—— (1984b), “Utilitarianism and Moral Rights,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14: 1–19.

Braybrooke, David (1972), “The Firm but Untidy Correlativity of Rights and Obligations,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1: 351–63.

(p.419) Brink, David O. (1992), “Mill's Deliberative Utilitarianism,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 21: 67–103.

Brooks, Alexander D. (1974), Law, Psychiatry, and the Mental Health System (Boston: Little, Brown).

Brownlie, Ian (ed.) (1981), Basic Documents on Human Rights, 2nd edn. (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Buchanan, James M., and Gordon Tullock (1965), The Calculus of Consent: Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press). (First pub. 1962.)

Callison, Herbert G. (1983), Introduction to Community‐Based Corrections, Series in Criminology and Criminal Justice (New York: McGraw‐Hill).

Chafee, Zecharia, Jr. (1968), Three Human Rights in the Constitution of 1787 (Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas).

Childress, James (1971), Civil Disobedience and Political Obligation (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Collingwood, R. G. (1940), An Essay on Metaphysics (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Commager, Henry Steele (1943), Majority Rule and Minority Rights, the James W. Richards Lectures in History at the University of Virginia (New York: Oxford University Press).

Cranston, Maurice. (1967a), “Human Rights: A Reply to Professor Raphael,” in Raphael (1967b: 95–100).

—— (1967b), “Human Rights, Real and Supposed,” in Raphael (1967b: 43–53).

—— (1973), What Are Human Rights? 2nd edn. (London: Bodley Head).

Dahl, Robert A. (1956), A Preface to Democratic Theory (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press).

David, Marjorie M. (1981), “Canadian Correctional Industries: The Total Perspective,” Corrections Today (Nov.–Dec. 1981), 73–6.

DeCew, Judith Wagner (1988), “Moral Rights: Conflicts and Valid Claims,” Philosophical Studies 54: 63–86.

DeGeorge, Richard T. (1984), “The Right to Work: Law and Ideology,” Valparaiso University Law Review 19: 15–35.

—— (1985), The Nature and Limits of Authority (Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas). (b: “Bibliographic Essay,” 293–9)

Del Vecchio, Giorgio (1969), “The Struggle against Crime,” tr. from the Italian by A. H. Campbell, in Acton (1969: 197–203). (First pub. in Italian, 1965.)

Donnelly, Jack (1985), The Concept of Human Rights (New York: St. Martin's Press).

Duff, R. A. (1986), Trials and Punishment, Cambridge Studies in Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Dummett, Michael (1984), Voting Procedures (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Dworkin, Ronald (1978), Taking Rights Seriously (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press). (First pub. 1977; repub. with appendix added, pp. 291–368.)

—— (1985), A Matter of Principle (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

—— (1986), Law's Empire (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Elliston, Frederick, and Norman Bowie (eds.) (1982), Ethics, Public Policy, and Criminal Justice (Cambridge, Mass.: Oelgeschlager, Gunn, and Hain). (b)

Ely, John Hart (1980), Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

(p.420)

Epstein, Richard A. (1980), A Theory of Strict Liability: Toward a Reformulation of Tort Law, Cato Paper no. 8 (San Francisco, Calif.: Cato Institute).

(Part 1 is a reprint of “A Theory of Strict Liability,” Journal of Legal Studies 2 [1973], 151–204;

part 2 is a reprint of “Defenses and Subsequent Pleas in a Theory of Strict Liability,” Journal of Legal Studies 3 [1974], 165–215.)

Euben, J. Peter (1978), “Philosophy and Politics in Plato's Crito,” Political Theory 6: 149–72.

Fain, Haskell (1972), “The Idea of the State,” Nous 6: 15–26.

Farquharson, Robin (1969), Theory of Voting (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Farrell, Daniel M. (1978), “Illegal Actions, Universal Maxims, and the Duty to Obey the Law: The Case for Civil Authority in the Crito,” Political Theory 6: 173–89.

Feinberg, Joel (1963), “Justice and Personal Desert,” in Carl J. Friedrich and John W. Chapman (eds.), Justice, Nomos, vi (New York: Atherton Press), 69–97. (Reprinted, with slight change, in Feinberg 1970a: 55–87.)

—— (1964), “Wasserstrom on Human Rights,” Journal of Philosophy 61: 641–5.

—— (1965), “The Expressive Function of Punishment,” Monist 49: 397–423. (Reprinted, with virtually no change, in Feinberg 1970a: 95–118.)

—— (1966), “Duties, Rights and Claims,” American Philosophical Quarterly 3: 137–44.

—— (1970a), Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).

—— (1970b), “The Nature and Value of Rights,” Journal of Value Inquiry 4: 243–57. (This paper is a revised version of the paper Feinberg delivered to the American Section of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy [AMINTAPHIL] in 1970.)

—— (1973), Social Philosophy, Foundations of Philosophy (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall). (Ch. 4 follows Feinberg 1970b closely.)

—— (1974), “The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations,” in William T. Blackstone (ed.), Philosophy and Environmental Crisis (Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press), 43–68.

—— (1978), “Voluntary Euthanasia and the Inalienable Right to Life,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 7: 99–123.

—— (1980), Rights, Justice, and the Bounds of Liberty (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). (A collection of Feinberg's writings; includes 1966, 1970b, 1974, and 1978.)

Fingarette, Herbert (1982), “What is Criminal Insanity?”, in Elliston and Bowie (1982: 228–44).

Fischer, John Martin, and Robert H. Ennis (1986), “Causation and Liability,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 15: 33–40.

Fishkin, James (1979), “Moral Principles and Public Policy,” Daedalus 108: 55–67.

—— (1984a), Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

—— (1984b), “Comment on Gibbard: Utilitarianism versus Human Rights,” Social Philosophy and Policy 1: 103–7. (Reprinted in Paul et al. 1984.)

Fletcher, George P. (1980), “The Right to Life,” Monist 63: 135–55.

Frey, R. G. (ed.) (1984), Utility and Rights (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

(p.421) Fuchs, Alan (1981), “Taking Absolute Rights Seriously,” Filosofia del Derecho y Filosofia Politica 2: 107–21. Memoria del X Congresso Mundial Ordinario de Filosofia del Derecho y Filosofia Politica, Mexico City (Mexico, DF: Universidad Nacional Autonomia de Mexico).

Gallie, W. B. (1968), Philosophy and the Historical Understanding, 2nd edn. (New York: Schocken Books).

Gaus, Gerald F. (1989), “A Contractual Justification of Redistributive Capitalism,” in John W. Chapman and J. Roland Pennock (eds.), Markets and Justice, Nomos, xxxi (New York: New York University Press), 89–121.

—— (1990), “The Commitment to the Common Good,” in Paul Harris (ed.), On Political Obligation (London: Routledge), 26–64.

Gauthier, David (1986), Morals by Agreement (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Geertz, Clifford (1980), Negara: The Theatre State in Nineteenth‐Century Bali (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).

Gert, Bernard (1973), The Moral Rules: A New Rational Foundation for Morality (New York: Harper Torchbook). (First pub. 1966.)

Gewirth, Alan (1981), “Are There Any Absolute Rights?” Philosophical Quarterly 31: 1–16.

—— (1982), “Can Utilitarianism Justify Any Moral Rights?” in J. R. Pennock and J. W. Chapman (eds.), Ethics, Economics, and the Law, Nomos, xxiv (New York: New York University Press), 158–93.

Gibbard, Allan (1984), “Utilitarianism and Human Rights,” Social Philosophy and Policy 1: 93–102. (Reprinted in Paul et al. 1984.)

—— (1990) Wise Choices, Apt Feelings: A Theory of Normative Judgment (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Goehlert, Robert (1976), “Anarchism: A Bibliography of Articles, 1900–1975,” Political Theory 4: 113–27. (b)

Golding, Martin (1991), “The Significance of Rights Language,” Philosophical Topics 18: 53–64.

Goldinger, Milton (1965), “Punishment, Justice, and the Separation of Issues,” Monist 49: 458–74.

Goldman, Alan H. (1979), “The Paradox of Punishment,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 9: 43–58.

Goldsmith, M. M. (1977), “Allegiance,” in Preston T. King (ed.), The Study of Politics: A Collection of Inaugural Lectures (London: Frank Cass), 245–63. (Goldsmith's lecture was given on the occasion of his induction into the chair of Politics at the University of Exeter, 12 Nov. 1970.)

Goldstein, Abraham (1967), The Insanity Defense (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press).

Gorovitz, Samuel (ed.) (1971), “Utilitarianism” [by] J. S. Mill, with Critical Essays, Text and Critical Essays (Indianapolis: Bobbs‐Merrill).

Gray, John (1981), “John Stuart Mill on Liberty, Utility, and Rights,” in J. R. Pennock and John W. Chapman (eds.), Human Rights, Nomos, xxiii (New York: New York University Press), 80–116.

—— (1983), Mill on Liberty: A Defence (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

—— (1984), “Indirect Utility and Fundamental Rights,” Social Philosophy and Policy 1. 2: 73–91. (Reprinted in Paul et al. 1984: 73–91.)

Greenberg, Jack (1974), “Litigation for Social Change: Methods, Limits, and Role (p.422) in Democracy,” The Record of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York 29: 320–75. (Greenberg's paper, the thirtieth annual Benjamin Cardozo Lecture, for 1973, has been reprinted, under the same title, as a separate hardback volume: New York: Association of the Bar of the City of New York, 1974.)

Griffin, Stephen M. (1987), “Reconstructing Rawls's Theory of Justice: Developing a Public Values Philosophy of the Constitution,” New York University Law Review 62: 715–85.

—— (1989), “What Is Constitutional Theory? The Newer Theory and the Decline of the Learned Tradition,” Southern California Law Review 62: 493–538.

Grissom, G. R., and C. N. Lewis (1981), “The Evolution of Prison Industries,” Corrections Today (Nov.–Dec.), 42–3, 46–8, 50.

Grofman, Bernard, and Scott L. Feld (1988), “Rousseau's General Will: A Condorcetian Perspective,” American Political Science Review 82: 567–76.

Hall, Robert T. (1971), The Morality of Civil Disobedience (New York: Harper and Row).

Hare, R. M. (1976), “Ethical Theory and Utilitarianism,” in H. D. Lewis (ed.), Contemporary British Philosophy: Personal Statements, 4th series (London: George Allen and Unwin), 113–31.

—— (1981), Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method and Point (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1982), “Utility and Rights: Comment on David Lyons's Essay,” in J. R. Pennock and J. W. Chapman (eds.), Ethics, Economics, and the Law, Nomos, xxiv (New York: New York University Press), 148–57.

Harrington, Michael (1985), The New American Poverty (New York: Penguin Books). (First pub. New York: Holt, 1984.)

Harris, Marvin (1977), Cannibals and Kings: The Origins of Cultures (New York: Random House).

Harris, Paul (1986), “Green's Theory of Political Obligation and Disobedience,” in Andrew Vincent (ed.), The Philosophy of T. H. Green (Aldershot: Gower), 127–42.

—— (ed.) (1989), Civil Disobedience (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America). (b)

Hart, Herbert L. A. (1954), “Definition and Theory in Jurisprudence,” Law Quarterly Review 70: 37–60. (This article is Hart's inaugural lecture as Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford, which was published under the same title in a lecture pamphlet, by Oxford University Press, 1953; the article and the inaugural lecture are identical except that the article omits the very first para. of the lecture.)

—— (1955), “Are There Any Natural Rights?” Philosophical Review 64: 175–91.

—— (1961), The Concept of Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1968), Punishment and Responsibility: Essays in the Philosophy of Law (New York: Oxford University Press).

—— (1973), “Bentham on Legal Rights,” in A. W. Simpson (ed.), Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence, 2nd series (Oxford: Oxford University Press). 171–201.

(Reprinted, unchanged, as ch. 7, pp. 162–93 in H. L. A. Hart, Essays on Bentham: Studies in Jurisprudence and Political Theory [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982].)

Haskell, Thomas (1987), “The Curious Persistence of Rights Talk in the ‘Age of Interpretation,’ ” Journal of American History 74: 984–1012.

Held, Virginia (1984), Rights and Goods: Justifying Social Action (New York: Free Press).

(p.423) Hempel, Carl G. (1962), “Rational Action,” Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 35: 5–23.

Hohfeld, Wesley N. (1964), Fundamental Legal Conceptions (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press). (The two papers printed under the above title first appeared as articles in the Yale Law Journal, one in vol. 23 [1913], 16–59, and the other in vol. 26 [1917], 710–70. Subsequent to Hohfeld's untimely death in 1918 the articles were reprinted, with manuscript changes by the author, in a single book by Yale University Press, 1919, edited and with an introduction by Walter W. Cook. This book has been reprinted twice: once in 1923 and again in 1964, in the latter case with an additional foreword [by Arthur L. Corbin].)

Hurka, Thomas (1982), “Rights and Capital Punishment,” Dialogue 21: 647–60.

—— (1984), “Rights and Punishment: A Reply to McKerlie,” Dialogue 23: 141–48.

James, G. G. (1973), “Socrates on Civil Disobedience and Rebellion,” Southern Journal of Philosophy 11: 119–27.

Johnson, Conrad D. (1991), Moral Legislation: A Legal–Political Model for Indirect Consequentialist Reasoning (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Kagan, Shelly (1986), “Causation, Liability, and Internalism,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 15: 41–59.

Kamenka, E., and A. E. S. Tay (eds.) (1978), Human Rights (London: Edward Arnold; New York: St. Martin's Press).

Keyt, David (1985), “Distributive Justice in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics,” Topoi 4: 23–45.

Krantz, Sheldon (1983), The Law of Corrections and Prisoners' Rights, Nutshell, 2nd edn. (St. Paul: West). (First pub. 1976.)

Kraut, Richard (1981), “Plato's Apology and Crito: Two Recent Studies,” Ethics 91: 651–64.

Lasky, Melvin J. (1969), “The Sweet Dream: Kant and the Revolutionary Hope for Utopia,” Encounter 33 (4 Oct.), 14–27.

La Torre, Massimo (1988), “Reason in Rights: Reflections on Rationality and Law,” in Reason in Law, Proceedings of the Conference held in Bologna, 12–15 December 1984, iii (Milan: A. Giuffrè), 359–79.

Law Review Note (1955), “Custom and Trade Usage: Its Application to Commercial Dealings and Common Law,” Columbia Law Review 55: 1192–1209.

Lemos, Ramon M. (1986), Rights, Goods, and Democracy (Newark, Del.: University of Delaware Press).

León‐Portilla, Miguel (1963), Aztec Thought and Culture: A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind (Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press). (La Filosofía Náhuatl was first pub. in 1956; a 2nd edn. was issued in 1959 by the National University of Mexico. “The present English edition is not a direct translation of the second edition in Spanish, but rather an adaptation and rewriting of the text” [p. viii]. Translated from the Spanish by Jack Emory Davis.)

—— (1964), “Philosophy in the Cultures of Ancient Mexico,” in F. S. C. Northrop and Helen H. Livingston (eds.), Cross‐Cultural Understanding: Epistemology in Anthropology (New York: Harper and Row), 35–54.

Leivestad, T. (1938), “Custom as a Type of Law,” Law Quarterly Review, part 1: 213: 95–115; part 2: 214: 266–86.

Lewis, Thomas J. (1989), “On Using the Concept of Hypothetical Consent,” Canadian Journal of Political Science 22: 793–807.

(p.424) Lindsay, A. D. (1934), Kant (London: Benn).

Lucas, Billy Joe (1988), “Plato's Crito as a Contribution to Philosophy of Law,” in S. Panou, G. Bozonis, D. Georgas, and P. Trappe (eds.), Philosophy of Law in the History of Human Thought, part 1 (Stuttgart: F. Steiner), 27–31.

Lyons, David (1969), “Rights, Claimants, and Beneficiaries,” American Philosophical Quarterly 6: 173–85.

—— (1970), “The Correlativity of Rights and Duties,” Nous 4: 45–55.

—— (1976), “Mill's Theory of Morality,” Nous 10: 101–20.

—— (1977), “Human Rights and the General Welfare,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6: 113–29.

—— (1978), “Mill's Theory of Justice,” in Alvin I. Goldman and J. Kim (eds.), Values and Morals (Dordrecht: Reidel), 1–20.

—— (1979a), Introduction, in D. Lyons (ed.), Rights (Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth), 1–13.

—— (1979b), “Mill on Liberty and Harm to Others,” in W. E. Cooper, Kai Nielsen, and S. C. Patten (eds.), New Essays on John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, suppl. vol. 5: 1–19.

—— (1980), “Utility as a Possible Ground for Rights,” Nous 14: 17–28.

—— (1982a), “Benevolence and Justice in Mill,” in H. B. Miller and W. H. Williams (eds.), The Limits of Utilitarianism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), 42–70.

—— (1982b), “Utility and Rights,” in J. R. Pennock and J. W. Chapman (eds.), Ethics, Economics, and the Law, Nomos, xxiv (New York: New York University Press), 107–38.

—— (1984), Ethics and the Rule of Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Mabbott, J. D. (1969), “Punishment,” in Acton (1969: 39–54).

(First pub. in Mind 48 [1939]: 152–67.)

MacCallum, G. C. (1967), “Negative and Positive Freedom,” Philosophical Review 76: 312–34.

—— (1987), Political Philosophy, Foundations of Philosophy (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall).

McClennen, Edward F. (1989), “Justice and the Problem of Stabillity,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 18: 3–30.

McCloskey, H.J. (1965), “Rights,” Philosophical Quarterly 15: 115–27.

—— (1971a), “An Examination of Restricted Utilitarianism,” in Gorovitz (1971: 204–16).

(First pub. in Philosophical Review 66 [1957]: 466–85.)

—— (1971b), “Utilitarian and Retributive Punishment,” in Gorovitz (1971: 361–75).

(First pub. in Journal of Philosophy 64 [1967]: 91–110.)

—— (1975), “The Right to Life,” Mind 84: 403–23.

—— (1976), “Rights: Some Conceptual Issues,” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54: 99–115.

MacCormick, D. N. (1977), “Rights in Legislation,” in P. M. S. Hacker and J. Raz (eds.), Law, Morality and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart (Oxford: Oxford University Press), ch. 11, pp. 189–209.

—— (1977–8), “The Obligation of Reparation,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, n.s. 78: 175–93.

—— (1983), “Rights, Claims, and Remedies,” in M. A. Stewart (ed.), Law, (p.425) Morality, and Rights, Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference, University of Lancaster, 1979 (Dordrecht: D. Reidel), 161–81.

McCullagh, C. Behan (1984), Justifying Historical Descriptions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Macdonald, Margaret (1946–7), “Natural Rights,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 47: 225–50. (Reprinted in Melden 1970: 40–60.)

Macfarlane, L. J. (1985), The Theory and Practice of Human Rights (London: Maurice Temple Smith).

McIlwain, Charles H. (1932), The Growth of Political Thought in the West: From the Greeks to the End of the Middle Ages (New York: Macmillan).

McLaughlin, Robert J. (1976), “Socrates on Political Disobedience,” Phronesis 21: 185–97.

Macpherson, C. B. (1966), The Real World of Democracy, The Massey Lectures, Canadian Broadcasting System, 1965 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

—— (1977), The Life and Times of Liberal Democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

McPherson, Thomas (1967), Political Obligation (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

May, K. O. (1952), “A Set of Independent Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Simple Majority Decision,” Econometrica 20: 680–4.

Mayo, Bernard (1965), Symposium on Human Rights, II, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, suppl. vol. 39: 219–36.

(Reprinted in shortened form as “What Are Human Rights?” in Raphael 1967b: 68–80.)

Melden, A. I. (ed.) (1970), Human Rights (Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth).

—— (1972), “The Play of Rights,” Monist 56: 479–502.

—— (1977), Rights and Persons (Oxford: Blackwell; Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press). (Ch. 1 incorporates, with revisions, Melden 1972.)

Melossi, Dario, and Massimo Pavarini (1981), The Prison and the Factory: Origins of the Penitentiary System, tr. G. Cousin, Critical Criminology (London: Macmillan). (First pub. as Carcere e fabbrice [Bologna: Società editrice il Mulino, 1977; 2nd edn. 1979]. The English‐language text is based on the 1979 edn.)

Milne, A. J. M. (1986a), “The Common Good and Rights in T. H. Green's Ethical and Political Theory,” in Andrew Vincent (ed.), The Philosophy of T. H. Green (Aldershot: Gower), 62–75.

—— (1986b), Human Rights and Human Diversity: An Essay in the Philosophy of Human Rights (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press).

Montague, Phillip (1984), “Rights and Duties of Compensation,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 13: 79–88.

Moore, Michael S. (1984), Law and Psychiatry: Rethinking the Relationship (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Mundle, C. W. K. (1954), “Punishment and Desert,” Philosophical Quarterly 4: 216–28. (The Postscript [1968] is found in Acton 1969: 81–2.)

Murphy, J. G., and Jules Coleman (1990), Philosophy of Law: An Introduction to Jurisprudence, rev. edn. (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press).

Nelson, William N. (1974), “Special Rights, General Rights, and Social Justice,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 3: 410–30.

—— (1980), Justifying Democracy, International Library of Philosophy (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

(p.426) Nelson, William N. (1988), “Constitutional Limits on Majoritarian Democracy,” in Diana T. Meyers and Kenneth Kipnis (eds.), Philosophical Dimensions of the Constitution, an Amintaphil volume (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press), 75–90.

Nett, Roger (1971), “The Civil Right We Are Not Ready For: The Right of Free Movement of People on the Face of the Earth,” Ethics 81: 212–27.

Nickel, James W. (1978–9), “Is there a Human Rights to Employment?” Philosophical Forum 10: 149–70.

—— (1987), Making Sense of Human Rights: Philosophical Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press).

Nino, Carlos Santiago (1991), The Ethics of Human Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press). (This book is based on Nino's book, in Spanish, Ética y derechos humanos [Buenos Aires: Paidós, 1984; 2nd edn. Buenos Aires: Astrea; Barcelona: Ariel, 1989].)

North, D. Warner (1990), “A Tutorial Introduction to Decision Theory,” in Shafer and Pearl (1990: 68–78).

(First pub. under the same title in IEEE Transactions on Systems Science and Cybernetics SSC‐4. 3 [Sept. 1968].)

Nozick, Robert (1972), “Coercion,” in P. Laslett, W. G. Runciman, and Q. Skinner (eds.), Philosophy, Politics, and Society, 4 series (Oxford: Blackwell, 1972), 101–35. (First pub. in slightly different form in S. Morgenbesser, Patrick Suppes, and Morton White [eds.], Philosophy, Science, and Method: Essays in Honor of Ernest Nagel [New York: St. Martin's Press, 1969], 440–72.)

—— (1974), Anarchy, State, and Utopia (New York: Basic Books).

—— (1981), Philosophical Explanations (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Pateman, Carole (1985), The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critique of Liberal Theory (Cambridge: Polity Press, in association with Blackwell, Oxford). (First pub. New York: John Wiley, 1979.)

Paul, E. F., Fred D. Miller, Jr., and Jeffrey Paul (eds.) (1984), Human Rights (Oxford: Blackwell).

Pennock, J. R., and John W. Chapman (eds.) (1978), Anarchism, Nomos, xix (New York: New York University Press). (b: pp. 341–65)

Pilon, Roger (1985), “Legislative Activism, Judicial Activism, and the Decline of Private Sovereignty,” Cato Journal 4: 813–33.

Plott, Charles R., and Michael E. Levine (1978), “A Model of Agenda Influence on Committee Decisions,” American Economic Review 68: 146–60.

Popper, Karl R. (1950), The Open Society and its Enemies, rev. edn. (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). (First pub. in 2 vols., London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1945.)

Quinton, Anthony (1954), “On Punishment,” in Acton (1969: 55–64).

(First pub. in Analysis 14 [1954]: 133–42.)

Radden, Jennifer (1985), Madness and Reason (London: George Allen and Unwin).

Railton, Peter (1984), “Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 13: 134–71.

Raphael, David Daiches (1967a), “Human Rights, Old and New,” in Raphael (1967b: 54–67).

(Reprinted from the Symposium on Human Rights, Aristotelian Society suppl. vol. 39 [1965], 205–18.)

—— (ed.) (1967b), Political Theory and the Rights of Man (Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press).

(p.427) —— (1967c), “The Rights of Man and the Rights of the Citizen,” in Raphael (1967b: 101–18).

—— (1970), Problems of Political Philosophy (London: Pall Mall Press).

Rawls, John (1955), “Two Concepts of Rules,” Philosophical Review 64: 3–32.

—— (1971), A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

—— (1974), “Reply to Alexander and Musgrave,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 88: 633–55.

—— (1975), “A Kantian Conception of Equality,” Cambridge Review (Feb.), 94–9.

(The essay, slightly revised, has been reprinted twice, most recently in Virginia Held (ed.), Property, Profits, and Economic Justice [Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1980], 198–208.)

—— (1977), “The Basic Structure as Subject,” American Philosophical Quarterly 14: 159–65.

—— (1978), “The Basic Structure as Subject,” in Alvin I. Goldman and J. Kim (eds.), Values and Morals (Dordrecht: Reidel), 47–71. (This essay is a considerable revision of the previous entry; sects. 2 and 3 are new.)

—— (1980), “Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory,” Journal of Philosophy 77: 515–72. (A published version of three lectures given as the John Dewey Lectures, at Columbia University, 14–16 Apr. 1980).

—— (1982a), “The Basic Liberties and their Priority,” in S. M. McMurrin (ed.), The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, iii (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press), 3–87.

—— (1982b), “Social Unity and Primary Goods,” in A. Sen and B. Williams (eds.), Utilitarianism and Beyond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 159–85.

—— (1985), “Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 14: 223–51.

—— (1987), “The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus,” Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 7: 1–25. (This paper is the text of the 1986 Hart Lecture in Oxford University.)

—— (1988), “The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 17: 251–76.

—— (1989a), “The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus,” New York University Law Review 64: 233–55.

—— (1989b), “Themes in Kant's Moral Philosophy,” in Eckart Förster (ed.), Kant's Transcendental Deductions: The Three “Critiques” and the “Opus postumum” (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press), 81–113.

Raz, Joseph (1984a), “Legal Rights,” Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 4: 1–21.

—— (1984b), “On the Nature of Rights,” Mind 93: 194–214.

—— (1985), “Authority and Justification,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 14: 3–29.

—— (1986), The Morality of Freedom (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Reiman, Jeffrey H. (1972), In Defense of Political Philosophy: A Reply to Robert Paul Wolff's “In Defense of Anarchism” (New York: Harper Torchbooks).

Resnik, Michael D. (1987), Choices: An Introduction to Decision Theory (Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press).

Roshwald, Mordecai (1958–9), “The Concept of Human Rights,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19: 354–79.

Ross, Alf (1958), On Law and Justice (London: Stevens; Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1959).

(p.428) Ryle, Gilbert (1949), The Concept of Mind (New York: Barnes and Noble).

Schauer, Fred (1981), “Can Rights Be Abused?” Philosophical Quarterly 31: 225–30.

Scheid, Don (1983), “Kant's Retributivism,” Ethics 93: 262–82.

—— (1986), “Kant's Retributivism Again,” Archiv für Rechts‐ und Sozialphilosophie (hereafter: ARSP), 72: 224–30.

Schumpeter, Joseph A. (1950), Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, 3rd edn. (New York: Harper).

Shafer, Glenn (1990), “Decision Making,” in Shafer and Pearl (1990: 61–7). (Introductory essay [with bibliography] to ch. 3.).

—— and Judea Pearl (eds.) (1990), Readings in Uncertain Reasoning (San Mateo, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann). (Relevant bibliographies are included at the end of the introductory essay for each of chs. 2–9.)

Sher, George (1984), “Right Violations and Injustices: Can we always Avoid Trade‐Offs?” Ethics 94: 212–24.

Sherman, Michael, and Gordon Hawkins (1981), Imprisonment in America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Shue, Henry (1978), “Torture,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 7: 124–83.

Simhony, Avital (1989), “T. H. Green's Theory of the Morally Justified Society,” History of Political Thought 10: 481–98.

Simmons, A. John (1979), Moral Principles and Political Obligations (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).

—— (1991), “Locke and the Right to Punish,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 20: 311–49.

Singer, Peter (1973), Democracy and Disobedience (London: Oxford University Press).

Steiner, Hillel (1977), “The Structure of a Compossible Set of Rights,” Journal of Philosophy 74: 767–75.

Sumner, L. Wayne (1987), The Moral Foundation of Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Thomson, Judith J. (1977a), Self‐Defense and Rights, Lindley Lecture, 1976 (Lawrence, Kan.: University of Kansas, Department of Philosophy). (Reprinted, unchanged, in Thomson 1986b: 33–48.)

—— (1977b), “Some Ruminations on Rights,” Arizona Law Review 19: 45–60. (Reprinted, unchanged, in Thomson 1986b: 49–65.)

—— (1980), “Rights and Compensation,” Nous 14: 3–15. (Reprinted, with the correction of an important typographical error, in Thomson 1986b: 66–77.)

—— (1984), “Remarks on Causation and Liability,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 13: 101–33. (Reprinted, unchanged, in Thomson 1986b: 192–224.)

—— (1986a), “A Note on Internalism,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 15: 60–6.

—— (1986b), Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory, ed. William Parent (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press). (A collection of Thomson's writings: includes 1977a, b, 1980, 1984.)

Thompson, D. F. (1975), “The Means of Dealing with Criminals: Social Science and Social Philosophy,” Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5: 1–16.

Thorson, Thomas L. (1962), The Logic of Democracy (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston).

Tuck, Richard (1979), Natural Rights Theories: Their Origins and Development (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

(p.429) Urmson, J. O. (1953), “The Interpretation of the Moral Philosophy of J. S. Mill,” Philosophical Quarterly 3: 33–9. (Reprinted in Gorovitz 1971: 168–74.)

Villey, Michel (1969), Seize essais de philosophie du droit (Sixteen Essays in the Philosophy of Law) (Paris: Dalloz).

Vincent Andrew, and Raymond Plant (1984), Philosophy, Politics and Citizenship: The Life and Thought of the British Idealists (Oxford: Blackwell).

Vlastos, Gregory (1962), “Justice and Equality,” in R. B. Brandt (ed.), Social Justice (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall), 31–72. (Reprinted, sects. 1 and 2 only, with changes, in Melden 1970: 76–95.)

—— (1974), “Socrates on Political Obedience and Disobedience,” Yale Review (Summer 1974), 517–34.

—— (1977), “The Theory of Social Justice in the Polis in Plato's Republic,” in Helen F. North (ed.), Interpretations of Plato: A Swarthmore Symposium. Mnemosyne, suppl. series (Leiden: E. J. Brill), 1–40.

—— (1978), “The Rights of Persons in Plato's Conception of the Foundations of Justice,” in H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. and Daniel Callahan (eds.), Morals, Science, and Socialty, The Foundations of Ethics and its Relationship to Science, iii (Hastings, NY: The Hastings Center), 172–201.

von Leyden, Wolfgang (1981), Hobbes and Locke: The Politics of Freedom and Obligation (London: Macmillan). (“The State of Nature and Locke's ‘Strange’ Doctrine of Punishment,” pp. 109–19 in this book, originally appeared in a shorter and somewhat different version, as “Locke's Strange Doctrine of Punishment,” in Reinhard Brandt [ed.], John Locke: Symposium Wolfenbuettel 1979 [Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1981], 113–27.)

Wade, F. C. (1971), “In Defense of Socrates,” Review of Metaphysics 25: 311–25.

Waldron, Jeremy (ed.) (1987a), Nonsense Upon Stilts: Bentham, Burke and Marx on the Rights of Man (New York: Methuen). (This book consists mainly of excerpts from the three theorists named plus introductions to each by Waldron and a lengthy general introduction and concluding essay by him.) (b)

—— (1987b), “Theoretical Foundations of Liberalism,” Philosophical Quarterly 37: 127–50.

—— (1989), “Rights in Conflict,” Ethics 99: 503–19.

—— (1990): “Rights and Majorities: Rousseau Revisited,” in J. W. Chapman and A. Wertheimer (eds.), Majorities and Minorities, Nomos, xxxii (New York: New York University Press), 44–75.

Walker, Nigel (1968), Crime and Insanity in England, i: The Historical Perspective (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press).

Wall, George B. (1970–1), “Cultural Perspectives on the Punishment of the Innocent,” Philosophical Forum 2: 489–99.

Walzer, Michael (1970), Obligations: Essays on Disobedience, War, and Citizenship (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

—— (1983), Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality (New York: Basic Books).

Wasserstrom, Richard (1964), “Rights, Human Rights, and Racial Discrimination,” Journal of Philosophy 61: 628–41.

Wellman, Carl (1970), Commentary, Journal of Value Inquiry 4: 257–58. (On Feinberg 1970b.)

—— (1975), “Upholding Legal Rights,” Ethics 86: 49–60.

(p.430) Wellman, Carl (1978a), “Legal Rights,” in Uppsalaskolan: och efteråt (Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksel), 213–21.

—— (1978b), “A New Conception of Human Rights,” in Kamenka and Tay (1978: 48–58).

—— (1979): “Consent to Medical Research on Children,” 85–105 in Lyman T. Sargent (ed.), Consent: Concept, Capacity, Conditions, and Constraints. ARSP Beiheft n.s. 12 (Wiesbaden: Steiner).

—— (1984), “The Growth of Children's Rights,” (ARSP) 70: 441–53.

—— (1985), The Theory of Rights: Persons under Laws, Institutions, and Morals (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld).

—— (1990), “Locke's Right to Revolution Reexamined,” in W. Maihofer and G. Sprenger (eds.), Revolution and Human Rights. ARSP Beiheft n.s. 41 (Stuttgart: Steiner), 21–6.

Wertheimer, Alan (1982), “Criminal Justice and Public Policy: Statistical Lives and Prisoners' Dilemmas,” in Elliston and Bowie (1982: 370–89).

White, Alan (1983), “Rights and Claims,” in M. A. Stewart (ed.), Law, Morality, and Rights, Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference, University of Lancaster, 1979 (Dordrecht: Reidel), 139–60.

White, Morton G. (1978), The Philosophy of the American Revolution (New York: Oxford University Press).

—— (1981), What Is and What Ought to be Done: An Essay on Ethics and Epistemology (New York: Oxford University Press).

—— (1987), Philosophy, “The Federalist,” and the Constitution (New York: Oxford University Press).

Wolff, Robert Paul (1969), “On Violence,” Journal of Philosophy 66: 601–16.

—— (1970) In Defense of Anarchism (New York: Harper and Row Torchbooks). (Reprinted in 1976 with “A Reply to Reiman” added as appendix, pp. 83–113.)

Woozley, A. D. (1971), “Socrates on Disobeying the Law,” in Gregory Vlastos (ed.), The Philosophy of Socrates: A Collection of Critical Essays (Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor), 299–318.

—— (1979), Law and Obedience: The Arguments of Plato's “Crito” (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press). (Includes a new translation of the Crito, pp. 141–56.)

Young, Gary (1974), “Socrates and Obedience,” Phronesis 19: 1–29.

Young, Robert (1978), “Dispensing with Moral Rights,” Political Theory 6: 63–74.

Zinn, Howard (1968), Disobedience and Democracy (New York: Random House [Vintage]).

Part 2

I have used some of my own writings, substantially rewritten, as sources of various chapters of the present book, as indicated (in each case) by the chapter numbers in parentheses after the entries below. A co‐authored item is listed at the very end.

“Authority and Sovereignty,” in Peter Caws (ed.), The Causes of Quarrel: Essays on Peace, War, and Thomas Hobbes (Boston: Beacon Press, 1989), 36–49. Copyright 1989 of Peter Caws; used by permission of Beacon Press (Chs. 1, 2).

(p.431) “The Character of Political Allegiance in a System of Rights,” in Paul Harris (ed.), On Political Obligation (London: Routledge, 1990), 184–217 (Chs. 1, 8).

“Civil Rights and the U.S. Constitution,” in Gary Bryner (ed.), The Bill of Rights: A Bicentennial Assessment (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University [distributed at Albany, NY, by SUNY Press], forthcoming) (Chs. 5, 7, 12).

“Democracy and Rights: Two Perspectives,” in Werner Maihofer and Gerhard Sprenger (eds.), Law and the State in Modern Times, Selected Proceedings of the 14th IVR World Congress on Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy, Edinburgh, 1989, Archiv für Rechts‐ und Sozialphilosophie (hereafter: ARSP) Beiheft 42 (Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 1990), 9–18 (Chs. 6, 7).

“The Development of Feinberg's Conception of Rights,” Journal of Value Inquiry 16 (1982), 29–45. Copyright 1982 of Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague; used by permission of Kluwer Academic Publishers (Ch. 3).

“Explanation in History and the Theory of Rights,” in S. Panou, G. Bozonis, D. Georgas, and P. Trappe (eds.), Human Being and the Cultural Values, ARSP Supplementa, vol. iv, a volume of plenary and other selected papers from the 12th IVR World Congress on Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy, Athens, 1985. (Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 1988), 76–92 (Ch. 2).

“Green on Natural Rights in Hobbes, Spinoza and Locke,” in A. W. Vincent (ed.), The Philosophy of T. H. Green, Avebury Series in Philosophy (Aldershot: Gower, 1986), 104–26 (Chs. 2, 4, 5).

“The Human Rights of Inmates to Work with Just Compensation,” Journal of Social Welfare 9.1 (Winter 1983), 41–60 (Ch. 11).

“Human Rights and Civil Rights,” Philosophical Studies 37 (May 1980), 391–403. Copyright 1980 of D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht; used by permission of Kluwer Academic Publishers (Ch. 4).

“Justifying Punishment and the Problem of the Innocent,” Journal of Social Philosophy 20 (1989), 49–67 (Ch. 9).

“Modes of Punishment,” Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (1987), 73–85 (Ch. 10).

“The Nature of Human Rights,” in Contemporary Conceptions of Law, Proceedings of the 9th IVR World Congress on Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy, Basle, 1979, ARSP Supplementa, vol. i, part 1 (Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1982), 379–93 (Ch. 4).

“On the Justification of Political Authority,” in R. Baine Harris (ed.), Authority: A Philosophical Analysis (University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1976), 54–75 (Chs. 1, 8).

“On the Logic of Justifying Legal Punishment,” American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1970), 253–9 (Ch. 9).

“On the Theory of Legal Rights as Valid Claims,” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1982), 175–95 (Chs. 2, 3).

“Punishment and Rights,” in Jan Broekman, K. Opatek, D. Kerimov (eds.), Social Justice and Individual Responsibility in the Welfare State, Selected Proceedings from the 11th IVR World Congress on Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy, Helsinki, 1983, (ARSP) Beiheft 24 (Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 1985), 274–81 (Ch. 9). Rawls and Rights (Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1985) (Chs. 4–7, 13).

“Treatment and Rehabilitation as a Mode of Punishment,” Philosophical Topics 18 (1990), 101–22 (Ch. 11).

“Two Ways of Justifying Civil Disobedience,” in Peter Caws (ed.), Two Centuries of (p.432) Philosophy in America, American Philosophical Quarterly Library of Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell; Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1980), 291–7 (Ch. 8).

“Two Models for Justifying Political Authority,” Ethics 86 (1975), 70–5. Copyright 1975 of the University of Chicago; used by permission of the University of Chicago, publisher (Ch. 1).

“Wolff's Defence of Philosophical Anarchism,” Philosophical Quarterly 24 (1974), 140–9 (Ch. 1).

Martin, Rex, and James W. Nickel, “Recent Work on the Concept of Rights,” American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (1980), 165–80 (Chs. 2–4).