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Poverty and UndernutritionTheory, Measurement, and Policy$
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Peter Svedberg

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198292686.001.0001

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Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates

Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates

(p.65) 5 Undernutrition: The FAO Estimates
Poverty and Undernutrition

Peter Svedberg (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the most well‐known model used for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition worldwide is presented. This is the model proposed by the FAO and applied for monitoring the progress towards the UN Millennium objective: to reduce undernutrition by half before 2015. The model comprises three main building blocks: the national food (calorie) supply, a function for the distribution of calories across households, and a norm for what is the lowest acceptable per person calorie intake in households. The main statistical data used by the FAO to estimate the model are presented. Finally, a simple robustness test is provided, demonstrating that the FAO estimates of undernutrition are highly sensitive even to small variations in the values attached to the three key parameters.

Keywords:   calorie norm, calorie supply, distribution, FAO, monitoring, robustness test, undernutrition

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