Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Separate and UnequalBlack Americans and the US Federal Government$

Desmond King

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292494

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829249X.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 23 January 2017

(p.244) Appendix 5: Civil Rights Laws 1957–1991

(p.244) Appendix 5: Civil Rights Laws 1957–1991

Separate and Unequal
Oxford University Press

Table A5.1. Selected Civil Rights Legislation 1957–1988



Main provisions


Civil Rights Act HR 6127 PL 85‐315

Outlawed actions preventing citizens from voting in Federal elections; Attorney Gen. was empowered to sue persons preventing others from voting.


Civil Rights Act HR 8601 PL 86‐449

Expanded the enforcement powers of the 1957 Act and introduced criminal penalties for obstructing the implementation of Federal court orders.


Civil Rights Act HR 7152 PL 88‐352

Fundamental legislation prohibiting discrimination throughout public facilities such as housing and schools; created EEOC to monitor employment in public and private sectors; and provided additional capacities to enforce voting rights.


Voting Rights Act S 1564 PL 89‐110

Empowered the Attorney Gen. with extensive powers to investigate voting in Federal elections.


Fair Housing Act HR 2516 PL 90‐284

Prohibited discrimination in the sale or renting of property; extended to almost 80% of all property.


Fair Housing Act Amendments PL 100‐430

Strengthened the powers of enforcement granted to Housing and Urban Development Dept. in the 1968 Fair Housing Act.


Civil Rights Act HR 3532 PL 101‐180

Extension of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.


Civil Rights Act S 1745 PL 102‐166

Limited the impact of Supreme Court decisions which made it more difficult for workers to mount and win lawsuits charging job discrimination.