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Happiness QuantifiedA Satisfaction Calculus Approach$
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Bernard van Praag and Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198286547

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0198286546.001.0001

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The Influence Of The Reference Group On Our Norms

The Influence Of The Reference Group On Our Norms

Chapter:
(p.158) 8 The Influence Of The Reference Group On Our Norms
Source:
Happiness Quantified
Author(s):

Bernard Van Praag

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198286546.003.0008

This chapter examines the premise that in addition to lifetime experiences, an individual’s reference group will have an impact on his or her norms and behaviour. Two cases are considered. In the first case, the person’s reference group is known, such as people of the same age, education and job type. In the second case, the person’s reference group is not known beforehand, and the reference group is estimated based on the person’s norms on income. The reference group is described by a social-filter model, which assigns much weight to persons who are ‘nearby’ and less to those ‘far away’, socially speaking.

Keywords:   reference group, norms, behaviour, social filter model, influence

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