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Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis
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Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis: Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe

Leonardo Morlino


What are the key factors to describe and explain the consolidation of a democracy or its possible internal crisis? After providing a few conceptual guidelines and the empirical indicators of consolidation and crisis, a systematic comparative analysis of the following aspects in the four Southern European countries (Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece) is unfolded: consensus and legitimation, party systems and party organizations, and relationships of organized and non‐organized interests with parties and state institutions. The consequent models of consolidation, and the related explanations, a ... More

Keywords: consolidation, crisis, democracy, Greece, interest groups, Italy, parties, Portugal, Southern Europe, Spain

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1998 Print ISBN-13: 9780198280828
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0198280823.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Leonardo Morlino, author
University of Florence
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