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Human Rights and Democratization in Latin AmericaUruguay and Chile$
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Alexandra Barahona de Brito

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198280386.001.0001

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Confronting Legacies of State Repression: Uruguay and Chile in Comparative Perspective

Confronting Legacies of State Repression: Uruguay and Chile in Comparative Perspective

Chapter:
(p.17) 1 Confronting Legacies of State Repression: Uruguay and Chile in Comparative Perspective
Source:
Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America
Author(s):

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198280386.003.0002

This is the first of two ‘stage-setting’ chapters in Part I of the book (Problems of Transitional Truth and Justice in Comparative Perspective, and Human Rights’ Violations under Military rule in Uruguay and Chile). It places the Uruguayan and Chilean cases in a wider context by examining various experiences of truth and justice for past abuses in Latin America and elsewhere. After an introduction, the chapter has two main sections. The first, Truth and Justice in Transitional Periods: An Overview, looks at the cases of France, Germany and Japan at the end of World War II, the collapse of the Salazarismo in Portugal in 1974, the collapse of the Somocismo in Nicaragua in 1979, the collapses of the communist regimes of Eastern Europe (Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania), and the cases of the former Yugoslavia, Bolivia, Spain, the Philippines, Namibia, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka, Rwanda, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Argentina, Greece, Paraguay, South Africa. The second section of the chapter, Semi-Restricted, Peaceful Transitions to Democratic Rule: The Cases of Uruguay and Chile, introduces democratization in Uruguay and Chile.

Keywords:   Argentina, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Czechoslovakia, democratization, Eastern Europe, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Japan, justice, Latin America, Namibia, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, transition to democracy, truth and justice, Uganda, Uruguay, Yugoslavia

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