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Liberalism DividedA Study in British Political Thought 1914-1939$

Michael Freeden

Print publication date: 1986

Print ISBN-13: 9780198274322

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198274327.001.0001

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2. Published Sources

2. Published Sources

Source:
Liberalism Divided
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

A. Primary Works

a. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates

b. Newspapers, Periodicals, Yearbooks

Contemporary Review

Listener

Daily Chronicle

Lloyd George Liberal Magazine

Daily News

Manchester Guardian

English Review

Nation

Fortnightly Review

Nation (New York)

Forward View

New Outlook

Hibbert Journal

New Republic

Humanist

New Statesman

International Journal of Ethics

News Chronicle

Journal of Philosophical Studies

Nineteenth Century and After

Liberal Magazine

Political Quarterly (1914–1916)

Liberal Yearbook

Political Quarterly (1930–)

Saturday Westminster Gazette

Weekly Westminster

Sociological Review

Westminster Gazette

The Times

(p.374) c. Books and Pamphlets

Barker, E., The Citizen's Choice (Cambridge, 1937)

—— Political Thought in England 1848–1914 (London, 1963; 1st edn. 1915)

Beveridge, W. H., Full Employment in a Free Society (London, 1944)

—— Insurance for All and Everything (London, n.d. [1924])

—— Social Insurance and Allied Services, Cmd. 6404 (London, 1942)

—— et al., Tariffs: The Case Examined (London, 1931)

Boothby, R., Macmillan, H., Loder, J. de V., Stanley, O., Industry and the State: A Conservative View (London, 1927)

Britain's Industrial Future, being the Report of the Liberal Industrial Inquiry (London, 1928)

Burns, C. D., The Challenge to Democracy (London, 1934)

—— Civilisation: The Next Step (London, 1938)

—— The Contact Between Minds (London, 1923)

—— Democracy (London, 1935)

—— Democracy. Its Defects and Advantages (London, 1929)

—— Government and Industry (London, 1921)

—— Industry and Civilisation (London, 1925)

—— Modern Civilization on Trial (London, 1931)

—— The Philosophy of Labour (London, 1925)

—— Political Ideals (3rd edn., Oxford, 1919)

—— Whitehall (Oxford, 1921)

Charles, E., The Menace of Under‐Population (London, 1936)

Coal and Power (London, 1924)

Cole, G. D. H., Guild Socialism Re‐Stated (London, 1920)

Constructive Democracy (London, 1938)

Dodds, E., Is Liberalism Dead? (London, 1920)

—— Liberalism in Action (London, 1922)

Essays in Liberalism (London, 1922)

Gardner, L. (ed.), The Hope for Society (London, 1917)

George, D. Lloyd, the Marquess of Lothian, and Rowntree, B. Seebohm, How to Tackle Unemployment (London, 1930)

Ginsberg, M., The Psychology of Society (London, 1921)

Green, T. H., Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation (London, 1941)

Hetherington, H. J. W., and Muirhead, J. H., Social Purpose: A Contribution to a Philosophy of Civic Society (London, 1918)

Hirst, F. W., Liberty and Tyranny (London, 1935) (p.375)

Hobhouse, L. T., The Elements of Social Justice (London, 1922)

—— Liberalism (New York, 1964; 1st edn. 1911)

—— The Metaphysical Theory of the State (London, 1918)

—— Questions of War and Peace (London, 1916)

—— The Rational Good (London, 1921)

—— Social Development (London, 1966; 1st edn. 1924)

—— The World in Conflict (London, 1915)

Hobson, J. A., The Conditions of Industrial Peace (London, 1927)

—— Confessions of an Economic Heretic (London, 1938)

—— Democracy and a Changing Civilisation (London, 1934)

—— Democracy After the War (London, 1917)

—— Free‐Thought in the Social Sciences (London, 1926)

—— From Capitalism to Socialism (London, 1932)

—— God and Mammon (London, 1931)

—— Incentives in the New Industrial Order (London, 1922)

—— The Modern State (London, 1931)

—— The New Protectionism (New York, 1916)

—— Poverty in Plenty (London, 1931)

—— Problems of a New World (London, 1921)

—— Property and Improperty (London, 1937)

—— Rationalisation and Unemployment (London, 1930)

—— Rationalism and Humanism (Conway Memorial Lecture, London, 1933)

—— The Recording Angel (London, 1932)

—— Taxation in the New State (London, 1919)

—— Towards International Government (London, 1915)

—— Towards Social Equality (L. T. Hobhouse Memorial Trust Lecture No. 1, Oxford, 1931)

—— Wealth and Life (London, 1929)

—— and Ginsberg, M., L. T. Hobhouse: His Life and Work (London, 1931)

Holmes–Laski Letters, edited by M. DeWoolfe Howe, 2 vols. (London, 1953)

Joad, C. E. M., Liberty To‐Day (London, 1934)

Jones, H., The Principles of Citizenship (London, 1919)

Jones, S., The Call to Liberalism (London, 1922)

Keynes, J. M., The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes, 29 vols. (London, 1971–83)

—— The Economic Consequences of the Peace (London, 1919)

—— Essays in Persuasion (London, 1931)

—— The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (London, 1973; 1st edn. 1936)

—— and Henderson, H. D., Can Lloyd George Do It? (London, 1929) (p.376)

The Land and the Nation. Rural Report of the Liberal Land Committee 1923–25 (London, 1925)

Langshaw, H., Socialism: and the Historical Function of Liberalism (London, 1925)

Laski, H. J., Authority in the Modern State (New Haven, 1919)

—— The Decline of Liberalism (L. T. Hobhouse Memorial Trust Lecture No. 10, Oxford, 1940)

—— The Grammar of Politics (London, 1925)

—— Liberty in the Modern State (Harmondsworth, 1937; 1st edn. 1930)

—— The Rise of European Liberalism (London, 1962; 1st edn. 1936)

—— Studies in Law and Politics (London, 1932)

The Liberal Way. With a Foreword by R. Muir (London, 1934)

Lothian, Lord, Liberalism in the Modern World (London, 1933)

Macmillan, H., The Middle Way (London, 1938)

—— Reconstruction: A Plea for a National Policy (London, 1933)

Macmurray, J., Freedom in the Modern World (London, 1932)

Masterman, C. F. G., England After War (London, n.d. [1923])

—— The New Liberalism (London, 1920)

McDougall, W., The Group Mind (Cambridge, 1920)

McNair, A., The Problem of the Coal Mines (London, 1924)

Morrison, H., Socialisation and Transport (London, 1933)

Muir, R., Civilization and Liberty (London, 1940)

—— The Faith of a Liberal (London, 1933)

—— Future for Democracy (London, 1939)

—— Liberalism and Industry (London, 1920)

—— The New Liberalism (London, n.d. [1923])

—— Politics and Progress (London, 1923)

—— Trade Unionism and the Trade Union Bill (London, 1927)

—— How Britain is Governed (London, 1930)

Muirhead, J. H., German Philosophy and the War (Oxford, 1915)

—— German Philosophy in Relation to the War (London, 1915)

Murray, G., Liberality and Civilization (London, 1938)

—— The Ordeal of this Generation (London, 1929)

Nathan, H. L. and Williams, H. Heathcote (eds.), Liberal Points of View (London, 1927)

—— Liberalism and Some Problems of To‐Day (London, 1929)

The Next Five Years: An Essay in Political Agreement (London, 1935)

Peace and Reconstruction (London, 1935)

Phillips, H., The Liberal Outlook (London, 1929)

—— Holgate, A., Hughes, R. Moelwyn, Jones, T. Elder, Lloyd, I., Menken, J., Sainsbury, A., Whither Britain? A Radical Answer (London, 1932)

Rathbone, E., The Disinherited Family (London, 1924) (p.377)

Robertson, J. M., Liberalism and Labour (London, 1921)

—— The Meaning of Liberalism (2nd edn., London, 1925)

Russell, B., Political Ideals (London, 1977; 1st edn. 1917)

—— Principles of Social Reconstruction (London, 1916)

—— Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism, and Syndicalism (3rd edn., London, 1920)

—— Power (London, 1975; 1st edn. 1938)

Samuel, H., Belief and Action (London, 1937)

—— The War and Liberty (London, 1917)

Simon, E. D., The Anti‐Slum Campaign (London, 1933)

—— Houses for All (London, n.d. [1923])

—— How to Abolish the Slums (London, 1929)

—— The Inheritance of Riches (London, 1925)

—— Liberalism in Local Government (London, 1924)

Stamp, J., Criticism and Other Addresses (London, 1931)

Tawney, R. H., The Acquisitive Society (London, 1945; 1st edn. 1921)

—— Equality (London, 1938; 1st edn. 1931)

—— The Radical Tradition (Harmondsworth, 1964)

Towns and the Land: Urban Report of the Liberal Land Committee 1923–25 (London, 1925)

Urwick, L., The Meaning of Rationalisation (London, 1929)

Villiers, B., Britain After the Peace: Revolution or Reconstruction (London, 1918)

—— England and the New Era (London, 1920)

Wallas, G., The Art of Thought (London, 1926)

—— The Great Society (London, 1914)

—— Men and Ideas (London, 1940)

—— Our Social Heritage (London, 1921)

—— Social Judgment (London, 1934)

Webb, S. and B., A Constitution for the Socialist Commonwealth of Great Britain (London, 1920)

We Can Conquer Unemployment (London, 1929)

Wells, H. G., After Democracy (London, 1932)

—— The Open Conspiracy (London, 1928)

Wilson, T. (ed.), The Political Diaries of C. P. Scott 1911–1928 (London, 1970)

d. Articles

Alden, P., ‘A New Liberal Programme: Liberalism and Labour’, CR, 115 (1919), 396–403

—— ‘The Beveridge Report’, CR, 163 (1943), 7–11

Barker, E., ‘Democracy and Social Justice’, CR, 137 (1930), 300–7.

—— ‘The Discredited State’, Political Quarterly, 5 (1915), 101–121 (p.378)

Beauchamp, Lord, ‘The Liberal Party’, CR, 130 (1926), 1–6.

Birrell, A., ‘The Meaning of Liberalism’, CR, 132 (1927), 273–81

Burns, C. D., ‘The Conception of Liberty’, Journal of Philosophical Studies, 3 (1928), 186–97

—— ‘Ideals of Democracy in England’, International Journal of Ethics, 27 (1916–17), 432–45

—— ‘Practical Issues and Social Philosophy’, Journal of Philosophical Studies, 1 (1926), 354–65

—— ‘Productivity and Reconstruction’, International Journal of Ethics, 28 (1917–18), 393–405

—— ‘When Peace Breaks Out’, International Journal of Ethics, 26 (1915–16), 82–91

Catlin, G. E. C., ‘The End of the Liberal Epoch?’, CR, 149 (1936), 305–13

Chapple, W. A., ‘The Function of Liberalism’, CR, 126 (1924), 308–15

Clay, H., ‘Liberalism, Laissez‐Faire and Present Industrial Conditions’, HJ, 24 (1926), 731–41

Cole, G. D. H., ‘Chants of Progress’, Political Quarterly, 6 (1935), 530–40

Coote, C. R., ‘What is a Liberal?’, NT, 89 (1921), 369–84

Corbett, J., ‘Sir Herbert Samuel and the Liberal Party’, FR, 128 (1927), 71–83

Davies, W. W., ‘The New Liberalism’, Lloyd George Liberal Magazine (1921), 7–10

Elton, Lord, ‘England's Age of Collectivism’, FR, 143 (1935), 574–83

Foot, D., ‘The Liberal Crisis’, CR, 139 (1931), 582–8

—— ‘The Liberal Summer School’, CR, 140 (1931), 324–30

Haynes, E. S. P., ‘Liberty and the State’, English Review, 28 (1919), 59–66

Herbert, A., ‘The Liberal Summer School’, CR, 142 (1932), 322–7

Hirst, F. W., ‘The Future of Liberalism’, CR, 127 (1925), 9–14

—— ‘Is British Liberalism Alive or Dead?’, CR, 149 (1936), 420–8

—— ‘Liberalism and Liberty’, CR, 145 (1934), 276–86

Hobhouse, L. T., ‘Democracy and Civilization’, Sociological Review, 13 (1921), 126–135

Hobson, J. A., ‘Co‐Operative Welfare’, HJ, 27 (1929), 703–19

—— ‘Democracy, Liberty and Force’, HJ, 34 (1935), 35–44

—— ‘Economic Art and Human Welfare’, Journal of Philosophical Studies, 1 (1926), 467–80

—— ‘The Economics of High Productivity’, English Review, 25 (1917), 225–37

—— ‘The Ethical Movement and the Natural Man’, HJ, 20 (1922), 667–79

—— ‘Force Necessary to Government’, HJ, 33 (1934), 331–42

—— ‘Is Democracy an Empty Word?’, HJ, 34 (1936), 529–38

—— ‘The New Industrial Revolution’, CR, 118 (1920), 638–45

—— ‘The Reformulation of Politics’, CR, 129 (1925), 430–6 (p.379)

—— ‘Social Thinkers in Nineteenth‐Century England’, CR, 137 (1930), 453–61

—— ‘The State as an Organ of Rationalisation’, Political Quarterly, 2 (1931), 30–45

Hodgson, S., ‘Liberalism’, NT, 96 (1924), 639–48

—— ‘The Opportunity of Liberalism’, NT, 92 (1922), 183–92

—— ‘The Tenth Liberal Summer School’, CR, 138 (1930), 296–302

Hogge, J. M., ‘Free Liberalism’, CR, 116 (1919), 629–34

Hopkinson, A., ‘Liberalism's Epitaph’, English Review, 46 (1928), 515–22.

James, C. F., ‘Liberalism and the Industrial Problem’, NT, 90 (1921), 798–806

Lilly, W. S., ‘The Reward of Labour’, NT, 81 (1917), 93–108

Lindsay, A. D., ‘The State in Recent Political Theory’, Political Quarterly, 1 (1914), 128–45

Macdonell, J., ‘The Modern Conceptions of Liberty’, CR, 106 (1914), 190–202

Macnamara, T. J., ‘Socialism versus Individualism’, Lloyd George Liberal Magazine, 7 (1923), 510–20

Massingham, H. W., ‘The Case for a Labour Government’, FR, 121 (1924), 118–25

Morris, R. Hopkins, ‘Liberalism and the New Parliament’, CR, 136 (1929), 280–6

Muir, R., ‘The Diffusion of Ownership’, CR, 155 (1939), 152–9

—— ‘Has Capitalism Broken Down?’, CR, 151 (1937), 650–7

—— ‘The Liberal Land Policy’, CR, 129 (1926), 424–32; 554–63

—— ‘The Liberal Party’, CR, 130 (1926), 1–13

—— ‘The Liberal Summer School and the Problems of Industry’, CR, 132 (1927), 282–9

—— ‘The Liberal Unemployment Policy’, CR, 135 (1929), 556–63

—— ‘Liberalism and Industry’, CR, 133 (1928), 555–63

—— ‘The Meaning of Liberalism’, CR, 130 (1926), 545–54

—— ‘Mr. Simon's Questions About Free Trade’, Political Quarterly, 2 (1931), 23–9

—— ‘Property and Liberty’, CR, 154 (1938), 552–9

—— ‘Trade Union Reform’, CR, 131 (1927), 409–14.

Murray, G., ‘What Liberalism Stands For’, CR, 129 (1925), 681–97

Murray, J., ‘Can Liberalism Revive?’, CR, 127 (1925), 714–21

Phillips, H., ‘Liberalism and Industrial Relations’, FR, 130 (1928), 603–11; 730–9

—— ‘Liberalism and Industrial Relations’, FR, 131 (1929), 65–75

Pink, M. Alderton, ‘Towards a New Liberalism’, HJ, 36 (1938), 492–500

Rew, H., ‘Liberalism and Agriculture’, CR, 122 (1922), 442–50 (p.380)

Robertson, J. M., ‘The Idea of a Labour Party’, CR, 113 (1918), 614–20

—— ‘The Industrial Future’, CR, 115 (1919), 257–63

Rowntree, B. Seebohm, ‘Labour Unrest and the Need For a National Ideal’, CR, 116 (1919), 496–503

—— ‘Prospects and Tasks of Social Reconstruction’, CR, 115 (1919), 1–9

Rowse, A. L., ‘A British Popular Front?’, FR, 146 (1936), 328–35

—— ‘Mr. Keynes and the Labour Movement’, NT, 120 (1936), 320–32

—— ‘Socialism and Mr. Keynes’, NT, 112 (1932), 327–42

Runciman, W., ‘The Radical Outlook’, CR, 113 (1918), 1–7.

Russell, B., ‘Socialism and Liberal Ideals’, English Review, 30 (1920), 449–55; 499–508

Samuel, H., ‘The Liberal Industrial Report’, CR, 133 (1928), 277–84

—— ‘Liberals and the Labour Movement’, CR, 132 (1927), 409–21

—— ‘Liberty’, CR, 131 (1927), 566–75

—— ‘Liberty, Liberalism and Labour’, CR, 146 (1934), 257–67

—— ‘The Political Outlook’, CR, 138 (1930), 409–20

Simon, E. D., ‘The Liberal Summer School’, CR, 130 (1926), 298–303

—— ‘The Liberal Summer School’, CR, 136 (1929), 273–9

—— ‘Some Questions About Free Trade’, Political Quarterly, 1 (1930), 479–95

Usher, H. B., ‘Liberalism and its Future’, CR, 123 (1923), 164–9

Wedgwood, J. C., ‘Liberalism and Labour. II. From a Labour Stand‐point’, NT, 91 (1922), 216–21

B. Secondary Works

a. Books and Monographs

Addison, P., The Road to 1945 (London, 1977)

Allett, J., New Liberalism: The Political Economy of J. A. Hobson (Toronto, 1981)

Ashworth, W., An Economic History of England 1870–1939 (London, 1960)

Ayerst, D., Guardian: Biography of a Newspaper (London, 1971)

Bentley, M., The Liberal Mind 1914–1929 (Cambridge, 1977)

—— and Stevenson, J. (eds.), High and Low Politics in Modern Britain (Oxford, 1983)

Berlin, I., Four Essays on Liberty (Oxford, 1969)

Birke, A., Pluralismus und Gewerkschaftsautonomie in England: Entstehungsgeschichte einer politischen Theorie (Stuttgart, 1978)

Briggs, A., Social Thought and Social Action: A Study of the Work of Seebohm Rowntree 1871–1954 (London, 1961)

Brown, K. D. (ed.), Essays in Anti‐Labour History (London, 1974) (p.381)

Campbell, J., Lloyd George: The Goat in the Wilderness 1922–1931 (London, 1977)

Ceadel, M., Pacifism in Britain 1914–1945: The Defining of a Faith (Oxford, 1980)

Clarke, P., Liberals and Social Democrats (Cambridge, 1978)

Cline, C. A., Recruits to Labour: The British Labour Party 1914–1931 (Syracuse, 1963)

Collini, S., Liberalism and Sociology: L. T. Hobhouse and Political Argument in England 1880–1914 (Cambridge, 1979)

Connolly, W. E., The Terms of Political Discourse (Lexington, Mass., 1974)

Currie, R., Industrial Politics (Oxford, 1979)

Deane, H. A., The Political Ideas of Harold J. Laski (Columbia, 1955)

Douglas, R., The History of the Liberal Party 1895–1970 (London, 1971) 80th Birthday Book for Ernest Darwin Simon (Stockport, private printing, 1959)

Freeden, M., The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform (Oxford, 1978)

Gaus, G. F., The Modern Liberal Theory of Man (London, 1983)

Gilbert, B. B., British Social Policy 1914–1939 (London, 1970)

Greenleaf, W. H., The British Political Tradition, 2 vols. (London, 1983)

Halévy, É., The Era of Tyrannies (London, 1967)

Havighurst, A. F., Radical Journalist: H. W. Massingham (Cambridge, 1974)

Hearnshaw, L. S., A Short History of British Psychology 1840–1940 (London, 1964)

Hughes, H. S., Consciousness and Society 1890–1930 (London, 1974)

Hyams, E., The New Statesman: The History of the First Fifty Years 1913–1963 (London, 1963)

Johnson, E. S. and Johnson, H. G., The Shadow of Keynes (Oxford, 1978)

Johnson, P. B., Land Fit for Heroes (Chicago, 1968)

Macnicol, J., The Movement for Family Allowances 1918–45 (London, 1980)

Manning, D. J., Liberalism (London, 1976)

Marwick, A., The Explosion of British Society 1914–1970 (London, 1971)

Minogue, K., The Liberal Mind (London, 1963)

Morgan, K. O., Consensus and Disunity: The Lloyd George Coalition Government 1918–1922 (Oxford, 1979)

Morgan, K. and J., Portrait of a Progressive: The Political Career of Christopher, Viscount Addison (Oxford, 1980)

Mowat, C. L., Britain Between the Wars 1918–1940 (London, 1968)

Oppenheim, F., Political Concepts: A Reconstruction (Oxford, 1981) (p.382)

Peele, G., and Cook, C. (eds.), The Politics of Reappraisal 1918–1939 (London, 1975)

Pimlott, B., Labour and the Left in the 1930s (Cambridge, 1977)

—— and Cook, C. (eds.), Trade Unions in British Politics (London, 1982)

Qualter, T. H., Graham Wallas and the Great Society (London, 1980)

Rae, J., Conscience and Politics (Oxford, 1970)

C. P. Scott 1846–1932: The Making of the ‘Manchester Guardian’ (London, 1946)

Skidelsky, R., Politicians and the Slump: The Labour Government of 1929–1931 (Harmondsworth, 1970)

Slesser, H., A History of the Liberal Party (London, n.d., [1944])

Soloway, R. A., Birth Control and the Population Question 1877–1930 (Chapel Hill, 1982)

Stevenson, J., British Society 1914–45 (Harmondsworth, 1984)

Stocks, M., My Commonplace Book (London, 1970)

Swartz, M., The Union of Democratic Control in British Politics During the First World War (Oxford, 1971)

Taylor, A. J. P., English History 1914–1945 (Harmondsworth, 1970)

Terrill, R., R. H. Tawney and His Times: Socialism as Fellowship (London, 1974)

Thirlwall, A. P. (ed.), Keynes and Laissez‐Faire (London, 1978)

Thomson, R., The Pelican History of Psychology (Harmondsworth, 1968)

Weber, M., The Methodology of the Social Sciences (New York, 1949)

Wiener, M. J., Between Two Worlds: The Political Thought of Graham Wallas (Oxford, 1971)

Wilson, T., The Downfall of the Liberal Party 1914–1935 (London, 1968)

Winch, D., Economics and Policy: A Historical Survey (London, 1972)

Winter, J. M., Socialism and the Challenge of War: Ideas and Politics in Britain 1912–1918 (London, 1974)

Woolf, Virginia, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, vol. ii. 1920–1940, ed. A. O. Bell (Harmondsworth, 1981)

Wright, A. W., G. D. H. Cole and Socialist Democracy (Oxford, 1979)

b. Autobiography and Biography

Beveridge, Lord, Power and Influence (London, 1953)

Bowle, J., Viscount Samuel (London, 1957)

Butler, J. R. M., Lord Lothian (Philip Kerr) 1882–1940 (London, 1960)

Hammond, J. L., C. P. Scott of the Manchester Guardian (London, 1934)

Harris, J., William Beveridge: A Biography (Oxford, 1977)

Harrod, R. F., Keynes (Harmondsworth, 1972)

Hobhouse, S., Forty Years and an Epilogue (London, 1951)

Hodgson, S. (ed.), Ramsay Muir. An Autobiography and Some Essays (London, 1943) (p.383)

Hubback, D., No Ordinary Press Baron: A Life of Walter Layton (London, 1985)

Koss, S. E., Fleet Street Radical: A. G. Gardiner and the Daily News (London, 1973)

Macmillan, H., Winds of Change 1914–1939 (London, 1966)

Martin, K., Father Figures (London, 1966)

—— Harold Laski (London, 1969)

Masterman, L., C. F. G. Masterman: A Biography (London, 1939)

Moggridge, D. E., Keynes (London, 1980)

Morris, A. J. A., C. P. Trevelyan 1870–1958: Portrait of a Radical (Belfast, 1977)

Muirhead, J. H., Reflections by a Journeyman in Philosophy (London, 1942)

Salter, A., Memoirs of a Public Servant (London, 1961)

Samuel, Viscount, Memoirs (London, 1945)

Skidelsky, R., John Maynard Keynes: Hopes Betrayed 1883–1920 (London, 1983)

Stocks, M., Eleanor Rathbone: A Biography (London, 1949)

—— Ernest Simon of Manchester (Manchester, 1963)

West, F., Gilbert Murray: A Life (London, 1984)

Woolf, L., An Autobiography, 2 vols. (Oxford, 1980)

c. Articles

Abrams, P., ‘The Failure of Social Reform: 1918–1920’, Past and Present, 24 (1963), 43–64

Benn, S. and Weinstein, W. L., ‘Being Free to Act, and Being a Free Man’, Mind, 80 (1971), 194–211

Freeden, M., ‘Eugenics and Progressive Thought: A Study in Ideological Affinity’, Historical Journal, 22 (1979), 421–43

Gallie, W. B., ‘Essentially Contested Concepts’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 59 (1955–6), 167–98

Greenleaf, W. H., ‘Laski and British Socialism’, History of Political Thought, 2 (1981), 573–91

Lowe, R., ‘The Failure of Consensus in Britain: The National Industrial Conference, 1919–1921’, Historical Journal, 21 (1978), 649–75

MacCallum, G. C., ‘Negative and Positive Freedom’ in P. Laslett, W. G. Runciman and Q. Skinner (eds.), Philosophy, Politics and Society, 4th Ser. (Oxford, 1972), pp. 174–93

Marwick, A., ‘Middle Opinion in the Thirties: Planning, Progress and Political “Agreement” ’, English Historical Review, 79 (1964), 285–98

Matthew, H. C. G., McKibbin, R. I., and Kay, J. A., ‘The Franchise Factor in the Rise of the Labour Party’, English Historical Review, 91 (1976), 723–52 (p.384)

McKibbin, R., ‘The Economic Policy of the Second Labour Government 1929–1931’, Past and Present, 68 (1975), 95–123

Parsons, W., ‘Keynes and the Politics of Ideas’, History of Political Thought, 4 (1983), 367–92

Skinner, Q., ‘Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas’, History and Theory, 8 (1969), 3–53

—— ‘Some Problems in the Analysis of Political Thought and Action’, Political Theory, 2 (1974), 277–303

Weinstein, W. L., ‘The Concept of Liberty in Nineteenth Century English Political Thought’, Political Studies, 13 (1965), 145–62

d. Unpublished Thesis

Hart, M. W., ‘The Decline of the Liberal Party in Parliament and in the Constituencies 1914–1931’ (Oxford University D.Phil. Thesis, 1982)