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Calendar and Community
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Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Sacha Stern

Abstract

Traces the development of the Jewish calendar—how months and years were reckoned—from its earliest descriptions in the second century b.c.e. until it reached, in the tenth century c.e., to its present form. Solar and lunar calendars are attested in the early period, but by the first century c.e., the Jewish calendar had become predominantly lunar. A wide range of sources (literary, documentary/epigraphic, Jewish, Graeco‐Roman, and Christian) reveals, however, that Jewish communities in Palestine and the diaspora reckoned their lunar calendar independently from one another, and hence, would oft ... More

Keywords: calculation, community, diaspora, festivals, intercalation, Jewish calendar, new moon, rabbinic

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2001 Print ISBN-13: 9780198270348
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0198270348.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Sacha Stern, author
Senior Lecturer and Head of Department, The London School of Jewish Studies
Author Webpage

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