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A History of the Popes 1830-1914$
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Owen Chadwick

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198269226.001.0001

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Catholic Universities

Catholic Universities

Chapter:
(p.533) 13 Catholic Universities
Source:
A History of the Popes 1830-1914
Author(s):

Owen Chadwick (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198269226.003.0013

Catholic universities could only flourish in liberal social conditions or through loopholes in anti‐liberal conditions. The most famous was the venerable institution of Louvain in Belgium, but Catholic theology faculties operated in state universities in Germany and the Austro‐Hungarian Empire, with Vienna having the greatest drawing power in the German‐speaking lands. In France from the 1870s onwards Catholic universities had to change their name to ‘institutes’, and the Institut Catholique in Paris became a renowned centre of research. In Italy the famous old universities became state institutions, but the old Collegio Romano became the Gregorian University under papal control, but teaching only theology and its associated subjects. Most priests were not educated in theology faculties but in seminaries of widely varying quality.

Keywords:   Louvain, seminaries, theology faculties, universities

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