Gives an account of two scholars who attended Charlemagne's court. The first is Alcuin, who was English (Northumbrian) and born between 735 and 745; he was primarily a York scholar, although he attended Charlemagne's court several times and became important, accumulating several Frankish monasteries by 796. He was a voluminous writer on many topics, and his writings included teaching manuals for the liberal arts, treatises of instruction for laymen, and his Bible for general use (the Vulgate text of 800), which was commissioned by Charlemagne; he played a dominant role in defending the Trinitarian orthodoxy in the great dispute over the heresy of Adoptionism. The second scholar is Theodulf, who was a Visigoth born about 750, reached Francia in the 780s, and gained access to Charlemagne's court. He was skilful in poetry, and possibly assisted in the drawing up of the Libri Carolini, a document produced at Charlemagne's court refuting Roman legislation at the second council of Nicaea in 787 for the restoration of images (the iconoclastic controversy); he also produced a Bible very different from that of Alcuin.
Keywords: Adoptionism, Alcuin, Bible, Carolingian period, Charlemagne, Charlemagne's court, Frankish Church, history, iconoclastic controversy, Libri Carolini, poetry, religious history, scholars, Theodulf, Trinitarian orthodoxy
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