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Biblical Faith and Natural TheologyThe Gifford Lectures for 1991: Delivered in the University of Edinburgh$

James Barr

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263760

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198263767.001.0001

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(p.223) Bibliography

(p.223) Bibliography

Biblical Faith and Natural Theology
Oxford University Press

1. Previous Gifford Lecture Series and Other Similar Series

Barth, Karl, The Knowledge of God and the Service of God According to the Teaching of the Reformation (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1938).

Clark, Stephen R. L., From Athens to Jerusalem: The Love of Wisdom and the Love of God (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

—— Civil Peace and Sacred Order: Limits and Renewals I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Daiches, David, God and the Poets (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984).

Jaeger, Werner, The Theology of the Early Greek Philosophers (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1947).

Mitchell, Basil L., Morality: Religious and Secular (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980).

Peacocke, A. R., Creation and the World of Science (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

Raven, Charles E., Natural Religion and Christian Theology (2 vols., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953).

2. Reference Works

Coggins, R. J., and Houlden, J. L. (eds.), A Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation, (London: SCM, 1990).

Evangelisches Kirchen‐Lexikon (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1985–).

Harper's Bible Dictionary (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985).

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible, 1‐vol. edn., rev. F. C. Grant and H. H. Rowley (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1963).

The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible (Nashville: Abingdon, 4 vols., 1962, and Supplementary Vol., 1976).

Mayer, Comelius (ed.), Augustinus‐Lexikon (Basle: Schwabe, 1986–).

3. General Theological Discussions

Abraham, W. J., The Divine Inspiration of Holy Scripture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981).

Ahlers, R., The Community of Freedom: Barth and Presuppositionless Theology (New York: Lang, 1989).

Barr, James, Old and New in Interpretation (London: SCM, 1966).

—— Fundamentalism (2nd edn., London: SCM, 1981).


Barr, James, Escaping from Fundamentalism (London: SCM 1984) =

Beyond Fundamentalism (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1984).

—— ‘The Theological Case against Biblical Theology’, in G. M. Tucker, D. L. Petersen, and R. R. Wilson (eds.), Canon, Theology and Old Testament Interpretation (Childs FS; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988), 3–19.

—— ‘Biblical Scholarship and the Unity of the Church’ (R. T Orr Lecture, Huron College, 1989).

—— ‘Exegesis as a Theological Discipline Reconsidered: And the Shadow of the Jesus of History’, in Donald G. Miller (ed.), The Hermeneutical Quest: Essays in Honor of James Luther Mays (Allison Park: Pickwick, 1986), 11–45.

—— ‘ “Fundamentalism” and Evangelical Scholarship’, Anvil, 8 (1991), 141–52.

—— Holy Scripture: Canon, Authority, Criticism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).

Barth, Karl, The Word of God and the Word of Man (Boston: Pilgrim, 1928).

—— Kirchliche Dogmatik (14 vols., Zurich: Evangelischer Verlag, 1947–70);

ET, Church Dogmatics (13 vols., Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1956–70).

Barth, Markus, Conversation with the Bible (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1964).

Beck, Heinrich, Natürliche Theologie: Grundriβ philosophischer Gotteserkenntnis (Munich: Pustet, 1986).

Berkhof, Hendrik, and Kraus, Hans‐Joachim, Karl Barths Lichterlehre (Theologische Studien 123; Zurich, Theologischer Verlag, 1978).

Birkner, H.‐J., ‘Natürliche Theologie und Offenbarungstheologie: ein theologiegeschichtlicher Überblick’, NZST 3 (1961), 279–95.

Bohlmann, R. A., ‘The Criteria of Biblical Canonicity in Sixteenth‐Century Lutheran, Roman Catholic and Reformed Theology’ (dissertation, Yale University, 1968).

Bråkenhielm, Carl Reinhold, ‘Is Metaphysics Theologically Possible?’, St. Th. 43 (1989), 181–96.

Brunner, E., and Barth, K., Natural Theology, with introd. by John Baillie (London: Bles, 1946).

Bultmann, R., ‘The Problem of “Natural Theology” ’, in R. Bultmann, Faith and Understanding, ed. R. W. Funk (New York: Harper & Row, 1969), 313–31.

Cleobury, F. H., A Return to Natural Theology (London: James Clarke, 1967).

Cobb, John B., A Christian Natural Theology Based on the Thought of Alfred North Whitehead (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1965).

Cochrane, Charles Norris, Christianity and Classical Culture: A Study of Thought and Action from Augustus to Augustine (London: Oxford University Press, 1944).

Daecke, S., ‘Gott erkennen in der Natur’, Evangelische Kommentare, 17 (1984), 181–4.

Dalferth, Ingolf U., ‘Karl Barth's Eschatological Realism’, in S. W. (p.225) Sykes (ed.), Karl Barth: Centenary Essays (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 14–45.

Dembowski, Hermann, ‘Ansatz und Umriβe einer Theologie der Natur’, Ev. Th. 37 (1977), 33–49.

—— ‘Natürliche Theologie—Theologie der Natur’, Ev. Th. 45 (1985), 224–48.

Dillistone, F. W., Charles Raven: Naturalist, Historian, Theologian (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1975).

Fiddes, Paul, The Creative Suffering of God (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988).

—— ‘The Status of Woman in the Thought of Karl Barth’, in Janet M. Soskice (ed.), After Eve (London: Marshall Pickering, 1990), 138–55.

Fischer, H., ‘Natürliche Theologie im Wandel’, Z. Th. K. 80 (1983), 85–102.

Ford, David F., ‘Barth's Interpretation of the Bible’, in S. W. Sykes (ed.), Karl Barth: Studies of His Theological Methods (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

Fretheim, Terence E., The Suffering of God: An Old Testament Perspective (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984).

—— ‘The Repentance of God: A Key to Evaluating Old Testament God‐Talk’, Horizons in Biblical Theology, 10 (1988), 47–70.

—— ‘Suffering God and Sovereign God in Exodus: A Collision of Images’, Horizons in Biblical Theology, 11 (1989), 31–56.

Fuhrmann, Paul T., ‘Philosophical Elements in the Early Reformed Tradition’, Columbia Theological Seminary Quarterly, 57 (1964), 46–61.

Gestrich, Christof, Neuzeitliches Denken und die Spaltung der dialektischen Theologie (Beiträge zur historischen Theologie, 52; Tübingen: Mohr, 1977).

Gilkey, Langdon, ‘The Creationist Issue: A Theologian's View’, in David Tracy and Nicholas Lash (eds.), Cosmology and Theology, Concilium, 166 (1983), 55–69.

Hammond, T. C., Reasoning Faith: An Introduction to Christian Apologetics (London: Inter‐Varsity Fellowship, 1943).

Hendry, George S., The Theology of Nature (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1980).

Henriksen, Jan‐Olav, ‘How is Theology about Nature Natural Theology?’, St. Th. 43 (1989), 197–209.

Hildebrandt, Franz, This is the Message: A Continental Reply to Charles Raven (London: Lutterworth, 1944).

Huber, W., Petzold, E., and Sundermaier, T., Implizite Axiome: Tiefenstrukturen des Denkens und Handels (Dietrich Ritschl FS; Munich: Kaiser, 1990).

Hübner, Jürgen, ‘Schöpfungsglaube und Theologie der Natur’, Ev. Th. 37, (1977), 49–68.

Jüngel, Eberhard, ‘Das Dilemma der natürlichen Theologie und die Wahrheit ihres Problems’, in A. Schwann (ed.), Denken im Schatten des Nihilismus (Weischedel FS; Darmstadt; Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1975), 419–40.

(p.226) Jüngel, Eberhard, Entsprechungen (Munich: Kaiser, 1980).

—— Theological Essays, tr. J. B. Webster (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1989).

Kasper, Walter, The God of Jesus Christ (London: SCM, 1984).

Kirjavainen, Heikki, ‘Natural Theology in the Light of Logic, Semantics and Metaphysics’, St. Th. 43 (1989), 171–9.

Krtke, W., ‘Karl Barth und das Anliegen der “natürlichen Theologie” ’, Z. d. Z. 30, (1976), 177–83.

Lehmann, P. L., ‘Karl Barth and the Future of Theology’, RS 6 (1970), 105–20.

Link, Chr., Die Welt als Gleichnis (Munich: Kaiser, 1976).

—— ‘Das menschliche Gesicht der Offenbarung’, K. u. D. 26 (1980), 264–76.

Louth, Andrew, ‘Barth and the Problem of Natural Theology’, Downside Review, 87 (1969, 268–77.

McFague, Sallie, Models of God (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987).

McWilliams, Warren, The Passion of God: Divine Suffering in Contemporary Protestant Theology (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1985).

Meyer‐Abich, K. M., ‘Zum Begriff einer praktischen Theologie der Natur’, Ev. Th. 37 (1977), 3–19.

Meynell, H., Grace versus Nature (London: Sheed & Ward, 1965).

Mowinckel, Sigmund, The Old Testament as Word of God (New York: Abingdon, 1959).

Niebuhr, Richard R., Schleiermacher on Christ and Religion (New York: Scribners, 1964).

Novak, David, ‘Before Revelation: The Rabbis, Paul, and Karl Barth’, Journal of Religion, 71 (1991, 50–66.

O'Neill, J. C., The Bible's Authority (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1991).

Page, Ruth, Ambiguity and the Presence of God (London: SCM, 1985).

Pannenberg, Wolfhart, Theology and the Philosophy of Science (London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1976).

—— ‘Revelation in Early Christianity’, in G. R. Evans (ed.), Christian Authority (Henry Chadwick FS; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 76–85.

Plantinga, Alvin, ‘The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology’, Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 54 (1980, 49–73.

Porter, S. E., ‘Two Myths: Corporate Personality and Language/Mentality Determinism’, SJT 43 (1991), 289–307.

Richmond, James, Ritschl: A Reappraisal (London: Collins, 1978).

Ritschl, Dietrich, The Logic of Theology (London: SCM, 1986);

German original, Zur Logik der Theologie (Munich: Kaiser, 1984).

Roberts, Richard H., ‘The Reception of the Theology of Karl Barth in the Anglo‐Saxon World: History, Typology and Prospect’, in S. W. Sykes (ed.), Karl Barth: Centenary Essays (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 115–71.

Schlichting, Wolfhart, Biblische Denkform in der Dogmatik (Zurich: Theologischer Verlag, 1971).

Scholz, H., ‘Wie ist eine evangelische Theologie als Wissenschaft möglich?’, Z. d. Z. 9 (1931), 8–53;

also in G. Sauter (ed.), Theologie als Wissenschaft (Munich: Kaiser, 1971), 221–64.

(p.227) Spencer, S. R., ‘Is Natural Theology Biblical?’, Grace Theological Journal, 9 (1988, 59–72.

Sperry, Willard, L., Jesus then and now (New York: Harper, 1949).

Stock, Konrad, ‘Tillichs Frage nach der Partizipation von Mensch und Natur’, Ev. Th. 37 (1977), 20–32.

Sykes, S. W. (ed.), Karl Barth: Studies of His Theological Methods (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

—— (ed.), Karl Barth: Centenary Essays (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Szekeres, A., ‘Karl Barth und die natürliche Theologie’, Ev. Th. 24 (1964), 229–42.

Thiemann, Ronald F., Revelation and Theology (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1985).

Torrance, T. F., ‘The Problem of Natural Theology in the Thought of Karl Barth’, RS 6 (1970), 121–35.

—— ‘Phusikos kai theologikos logos: St Paul and Athenagoras at Athens’, SJT 41 (1988), 11–26.

Trembath, K. R., Evangelical Theories of Biblical Inspiration (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).

Webb, Stephen H., Re‐figuring Theology: The Rhetoric of Karl Barth (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1991).

Webster, J. B., Eberhard Jüngel: An Introduction to His Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Werbick, J., ‘Der Streit um die “natürliche” Theologie: Prüfstein für eine ökumenische Theologie’, Catholica, 37, (1983), 119–32.

Wind, H. C., ‘The Metaphysics of Love: Theology, Myth and Metaphysics with Special Reference to Søren Kierkegaard’, St. Th. 43 (1989), 211–25.

Wisnefske, Ned, Our Natural Knowledge of God (New York: Lang, 1990).

Wissink, J. B. M., De inzet van de theologie, een onderzoek naar de motieven en de geldigheid van Karl Barths strijd tegen de natuurlijke theologie (Amersfoort: de Horstink, 1983).

Yoder, John H., Karl Barth and the Problem of War (Nashville: Abingdon, 1970).

Zahn‐Harnack, Agnes von, Adolf von Harnack (Berlin: Bott, 1936).

4. Theism and Philosophy of Religion

Abraham, W. J., An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall, 1985).

—— ‘Revelation Revisited’ (forthcoming).

—— and Holtzer, Steven W., The Rationality of Religious Belief (Basil Mitchell FS; Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1987).

Allen, Diogenes, Philosophy for Understanding Theology (Atlanta: John Knox, 1985).

Barnes, Jonathan, The Ontological Argument (London: Macmillan, 1972).

Barth, Karl, Anselm: Fides quaerens intellectum (London: SCM, 1960);


German original first pub. 1931; new edn., Fides quaerens intellectum, ed. E. Jüngel and I. U. Dalferth (Zurich: Theologischer Verlag, 1981).

Jennings, Theodore W., Beyond Theism: A Grammar of God‐Language (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).

Jüngel, Eberhard, God as the Mystery of the World (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1983).

Kenny, Anthony, The God of the Philosophers (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

Mackie, J. L., The Miracle of Theism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982).

Sutherland, Stewart R., God, Jesus and Belief: The Legacy of Theism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1984).

Swinburne, Richard, The Existence of God (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979).

5. General Old Testament

Albrektson, Bertil, History and the Gods (Lund: Gleerup, 1967).

Barr, James, ‘The Problem of Israelite Monotheism’, TGUOS 17 (1957–8), 52–62.

—— ‘The Old Testament and the New Crisis of Biblical Authority’, Interpretation, 25 (1971, 24–40.

—— ‘Anthropomorphism’, ‘Monotheism’, and ‘Polytheism’ in Harper's Bible Dictionary (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985), 32, 652, and 806 f.

—— ‘Biblical Chronology: Legend or Science?’ (Ethel M. Wood Lecture; University of London, 1987).

—— ‘Do we Perceive the Speech of the Heavens? A Question in Psalm 19’, in The Psalms and Other Studies on the Old Testament Presented to Joseph I. Hunt (Nashotah, Wis.: Nashotah House Seminary, 1990), 11–17.

—— ‘Mowinckel, the Old Testament, and the Question of Natural Theology’ (the Second Mowinckel Lecture, Oslo, 1987), St. Th. 42 (1988), 21–38.

—— ‘Biblical Exegesis and Natural Theology’, Svensk Kyrkotidning, 7–8 (4195–6), 85th year (17, 24 Feb. 1989), 85–91, 101–7.

—— ‘La Foi biblique et la théologie naturelle’, in Études théologiques et religieuses, 64 (1989, 355–68.

Barth, Christoph, God with Us: A Theological Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991).

Barton, John, Amos' Oracles against the Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980).

—— ‘Old Testament Theology’, in John Rogerson (ed.), Beginning Old Testament Study (London: SPCK, 1983), 90–112.

—— ‘Should Old Testament Study be more Theological?’ Exp. T. 100 (1989), 443–8.

Dion, Paul E., ‘YHWH as Storm‐God and Sun‐God: The Double Legacy of Egypt and Canaan as Reflected in Psalm 104’, ZATW 103 (1991), 43–71.

Gese, Hartmut, Zur biblischen Theologie (Munich: Kaiser, 1977).

(p.229) Gibson, J. C. L., ‘The Theology of the Ugaritic Baal Cycle’, Orientalia, 53 (1984, 202–19.

—— ‘Language about God in the Old Testament’, Cosmos, 5 (1989), Glenys Davies (ed.), Polytheistic Systems, 43–50.

Hayman, Peter, ‘Monotheism: A Misused Word in Jewish Studies’, JJS 42 (1991), 1–15.

Hughes, Jeremy, Secrets of the Times: Myth and History in Biblical Chronology (JSOT Supplement Series 66; Sheffield: Academic Press, 1990).

Labuschagne, C. J., The Incomparability of Yahweh in the Old Testament (Leiden: Brill, 1966).

Lang, Bernhard, Monotheism and the Prophetic Minority (Sheffield: Almond, 1983).

Lemche, Niels Peter, The Canaanites and Their Land (Sheffield: JSOT, 1991).

Levenson, Jon D., ‘The Sources of Torah: Psalm 119 and the Modes of Revelation in Second Temple Judaism’, in P. D. Miller, Jr., Paul D. Hanson, and S. Dean McBride (eds.), Ancient Israelite Religion (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987), 559–74.

—— Creation and the Persistence of Evil: The Jewish Drama of Divine Omnipotence (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988).

Otzen, Benedikt, ‘The Old Testament Wisdom Literature and Dualistic Thinking in Late Judaism’, VTS 28 (1974), 146–57.

Patrick, Dale, The Rendering of God in the Old Testament (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1981).

Rad, Gerhard von, ‘Natur‐ und Welterkenntnis im Alten Testament’, in Gottes Wirken in Israel (Neukirchen‐Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1974).

Rogerson, J. W. (ed.), Beginning Old Testament Study (London: SPCK, 1983).

Schmid, H. H., Altorientalische Welt in der alttestamentlichen Theologie (Zurich: Theologischer Verlag, 1974).

Thomas, D. Winton, Documents from Old Testament Times (Edinburgh: Nelson, 1958).

Tucker, G. M., Petersen, D. L., and Wilson, R. R. (eds.), Canon, Theology and Old Testament Interpretation (Childs FS; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988).

6. Law and Natural Law

Barr, James, ‘Biblical Law and the Question of Natural Theology’, in T. Veijola (ed.), The Law in the Bible and in Its Environment (Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 51; Helsinki, Finnish Exegetical Society, 1990), 1–22.

Barton, John, ‘Natural Law and Poetic Justice in the Old Testament’, JTS 30 (1979), 1–14.

Finnis, John, Natural Law and Natural Rights (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980).

(p.230) Gehman, H. S., ‘Natural Law and the Old Testament’, in J. M. Myers, O. Reimherr, and H. N. Bream (eds.), Biblical Studies in Memory of H. C. Alleman (Locust Valley, NY: Augustin, 1960) 109–22.

Hart, H. L. A., The Concept of Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961).

Horst, F., ‘Naturrecht und Altes Testament’, Ev. Th. 10 (1950–1), 253–73 =

H. W. Wolff (ed.), Gottes Recht (1961), 235–59.

7. Wisdom Literature

Blenkinsopp, Joseph, Wisdom and Law in the Old Testament (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983).

Collins, John J., ‘The Biblical Precedent for Natural Theology’, JAAR 45/1, Supplement (Mar. 1977), B: 35–67.

Crenshaw, James L., Old Testament Wisdom: An Introduction (Atlanta: John Knox, 1981).

McKane, William, Prophets and Wise Men (London: SCM, 1965).

Preuβ, Horst Dietrich, ‘Erwägungen zum theologischen Ort alttestamentlicher Weisheitsliteratur’, Ev. Th. 30 (1970), 393–417.

—— ‘Alttestamentliche Weisheit in christlicher Theologie?’ Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium, 33 (1974, 165–81.

Rad, G. von, Wisdom in Israel (London: SCM, 1970).

Rogerson, J. W., ‘The Old Testament View of Nature: Some Preliminary Questions’, in A. S. van der Woude (ed.), Instruction and Interpretation (Leiden: Brill, 1977), 67–84.

Thomas, J. Heywood, ‘Philosophy and the Critical Study of Wisdom Literature’, Heythrop Journal, 20 (1979, 290–4.

8. The Old Testament and Warfare

Barrett, Lois, The Way God Fights: War and Peace in the Old Testament (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald, 1987).

ben Abed ben Khader, Aïcha, and Soren, David, Carthage: A Mosaic of Ancient Tunisia (New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1987).

Brekelmans, C. H. W., De Herem in het Oude Testament (Nijmegen: Centrale Drukkerij, 1959).

Craigie, Peter C., The Problem of War in the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978).

Eller, Vernard, War and Peace from Genesis to Revelation (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald, 1987).

Hanson, Paul D., ‘War and Peace in the Hebrew Bible’, Interpretation, 38 (1984, 341–62.

Hobbs, T. R., A Time for War: A Study of Warfare in the Old Testament (Wilmington, Del.: Glazier, 1989).

Jones, G. H., ‘The Concept of Holy War’, in R. E. Clements (ed.), The (p.231) World of Ancient Israel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 299–321.

Kang, Sa‐Moon, Divine War in the Old Testament and in the Ancient Near East (BZAW 177; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1989).

Lind, Millard C., Yahweh is a Warrior: The Theology of Warfare in Ancient Israel (Scottdale, Pa.: Herald, 1980).

Lohfink, Norbert, ‘Der “heilige Krieg” und der “Bann” in der Bibel’, Internationale katholische Zeitschrift: Communio, 18/2 (Mar. 1989), 104–12;

English summary in Theology Digest, 38/2 (Summer 1991), 109–14.

Rad, Gerhard von, Der heilige Krieg im alten Israel (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1951);

ET, Holy War in Ancient Israel (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991), with introd. by Ben C. Ollenburger and bibliography by Judith E. Sanderson.

Stager, Lawrence E., ‘The Rite of Child Sacrifice at Carthage’, in J. G. Pedley (ed.), New Light on Ancient Carthage (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press, 1980), 1–11.

Stolz, Fritz, Jahwes und Israels Kriege: Kriegstheorien und Kriegserfahrungen im Glauben des alten Israel (Zurich: Theologischer Verlag, 1972).

Winkle, Dwight van, ‘Canaanite Genocide and Amalekite Genocide and the God of Love’ (1989 Winifred E. Weter Faculty Award Lecture, Seattle Pacific University).

9. The Image of God

Barr, James, ‘The Image of God in Genesis: Some Linguistic and Historical Considerations’, Old Testament Studies (Papers read at the Tenth Meeting of Die TO Werkgemeenskap in Suid‐Afrika, Pretoria, 1967), 5–13.

—— ‘The Image of God in the Book of Genesis: A Study of Terminology’, BJRL 51 (1968–9), 11–26.

Bird, Phyllis A., ‘ “Male and Female he Created them”: Genesis 1: 27b in the Context of the Priestly Account of Creation’, HTR 74 (1981), 129–59.

Brunner, Emil, Der Mensch im Widerspruch (3rd edn., Zurich: Zwingli, 1941).

Cairns, David, The Image of God in Man (London: SCM, 1953).

Clines, D. J. A., ‘The Image of God in Man’, Tyndale Bulletin, 19 (1968, 53–103.

Fiddes, Paul, ‘The Status of Woman in the Thought of Karl Barth’, in J. M. Soskice (ed.), After Eve (London: Collins/Marshall Pickering, 1990), 138–55.

Jervell, Jacob, Imago Dei: Genesis 1, 26f. im Spätjudentum, in der Gnosis und in den paulinischen Briefen (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1960).

Jónsson, Gunnlaugur A., The Image of God: Genesis 1: 26–28 in a Century of Old Testament Research (Lund: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1988).

Sawyer, J. F. A., ‘The Meaning of בצלם אלהים‎ in Genesis i–ix’, JTS 25 (1974), 418–26.

(p.232) Schmidt, Werner H., The Faith of the Old Testament (Oxford: Blackwell, 1983).

Stamm, J. J., ‘Die Imago‐Lehre von Karl Barth und die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft’, in Antwort (Karl Barth FS; Zurich: Evangelischer Verlag, 1956), 84–98.

10. Rabbinics and Hellenistic Judaism

Chadwick, Henry, ‘Philo and the Beginnings of Christian Thought’, in A. H. Armstrong (ed.), Cambridge History of Later Greek and Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967), 137–57.

Hayman, Peter, ‘Monotheism: A Misused Word in Jewish Studies’, JJS 42 (1991), 1–15.

Meyer, R., Hellenistisches in der rabbinischen Anthropologie (BWANT 4th Series, 22; Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1937).

Neusner, Jacob, ‘Physics in an Odd Idiom: The Stoic Theory of Mixtures in the Applied Reason of the Mishnah’, BSOAS 52 (1989) 419–29.

Novak, David, The Image of the Non‐Jew in Judaism (New York: Mellen, 1983).

Wasserstein, Abraham, ‘Die Hellenisierung des Frühjudentums: Die Rabbinen und die griechische Philosophie’, in W. Schluchter (ed.), Max Webers Sicht des antiken Christentums (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985), 281–316.

11. Apocryphal Books, Intertestamental Period, and Greek Culture

Berger, Klaus, Die Weisheitsschrift aus der Kairoer Geniza (Tübingen: Francke, 1989).

Boswell, John, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980).

Collins, John J., Between Athens and Jerusalem: Jewish Identity in the Hellenistic Diaspora (New York: Crossroad, 1986).

Dover, K. J., Greek Homosexuality (London: Duckworth, 1978).

Hadas, Moses, Aristeas to Philocrates (Letter of Aristeas) (New York: Harper, 1951).

—— Hellenistic Culture: Fusion and Diffusion (London: Oxford University Press, 1959).

Hengel, Martin, Judaism and Hellenism (2 vols., London: SCM, 1974).

Price, A. W., Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Reese, James M., Hellenistic Influence on the Book of Wisdom and its Consequences (Analecta Biblica 41, Rome: Biblical Institute Press, 1970).

Skehan, Patrick W., and Di Lella, Alexander A., The Wisdom of Ben Sira (Anchor Bible 39; New York: Doubleday, 1987).

Winston, David, The Wisdom of Solomon (Anchor Bible 43; New York: Doubleday, 1979).

Barr, James, ‘Words for Love in Biblical Greek’, in L. D. Hurst and N. T. Wright (eds.), The Glory of Christ in the New Testament (G. B. Caird Memorial Volume; Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987), 3–18.

Barrett, C. K., A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (New York: Harper, 1957).

Barth, Karl, The Epistle to the Romans, ET, E. C. Hoskyns (London: Oxford University Press, 1933).

Bornkamm, G., ‘Gesetz und Natur: Röm 2, 14–16’, in Studien zu Antike und Urchristentum, ii (Munich: Kaiser, 1959), 93 ff.

Bruce, F. F., The Acts of the Apostles (London: Tyndale Press, 1951).

Caird, George B., ‘Paul's Theology’, in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible, rev. F. C. Grant and H. H. Rowley (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1963), 736–42.

Cavallin, H. C. C., Life after Death: Paul's Argument for the Resurrection of the Dead in 1 Corinthians 15. Part 1: An Enquiry into the Jewish Background (Lund: Gleerup, 1974).

Collins, John, ‘New Testament Cosmology’, in David Tracy and Nicholas Lash (eds.), Cosmology and Theology, Concilium, 166 (1983, 3–7.

Conzelmann, H., ‘The Address of Paul on the Areopagus’, in L. Keck and J. Louis Martyn (eds.), Studies in Luke‐Acts (London: SPCK, 1968), 217–30.

—— Die Apostelgeschichte (HBNT 7; Tübingen: Mohr, 1963).

—— Acts (Hermeneia; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987).

Cranfield, C. B., Romans (ICC; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1975).

Donfried, Karl P. (ed.), The Romans Debate (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1977).

Dupont, J., ‘Le Salut des Gentils et la signification théologique du Livre des Actes’, NTS 6 (1959–60), 132–55.

Elliott, Neil, The Rhetoric of Romans (Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1990).

Käsemann, Ernst, An die Römer (4th edn., Tübingen: Mohr, 1980).

Keck, L., and Martyn, J. Louis (eds.), Studies in Luke‐Acts (London: SPCK, 1968).

Klein, Günter, ‘Paul's Purpose in Writing the Epistle to the Romans’, in Karl P. Donfried (ed.), The Romans Debate (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1977), 32–49.

O'Neill, J. C., The Theology of Acts in Its Historical Setting (London: SPCK, 1970).

Räisänen, Heikki, The Torah and Christ (Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 45; Helsinki: Finnish Exegetical Society, 1986).

—— Beyond New Testament Theology (London: SCM, 1990).

Reicke, B., ‘Natürliche Theologie bei Paulus’, SEÅ 22–3 (1957–8), 154–67.

Sanders, E. P., Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983).

Schmithals, Walter, Der Römerbrief (Gütersloh: Gerd Mohn, 1988).

Syreeni, Kari, ‘Matthew, Luke and the Law’, in T. Veijola (ed.), The Law (p.234) in the Bible and in Its Environment (Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 51; Helsinki: Finnish Exegetical Society, 1990), 126–55.

Vielhauer, Philipp, ‘On the “Paulinism” of Acts’, in L. E. Keck and J. Louis Martyn (eds.), Studies in Luke‐Acts (London: SPCK, 1968), 33–50;

German, ‘Zum “Paulinismus” der Apostelgeschichte’, Ev. Th. 10 (1950–1), 1–15.

Westermann, Claus, The Parables of Jesus in the Light of the Old Testament (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1990).

Ziesler, John, Pauline Christianity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983).

13. History of Doctrine

Barth, Peter, ‘Das Problem der natürlichen Theologie bei Calvin’, Th. Ex. H. 18 (1935), 1–60.

Bouwsma, William J., John Calvin (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Dowey, Edward A., The Knowledge of God in Calvin's Theology (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).

Leith, John H., John Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 1989).

Richmond, James, Ritschl: A Reappraisal (London: Collins, 1978).

Torrance, Thomas F., Calvin's Doctrine of Man (London: Lutterworth, 1949).

Wallace‐Hadrill, D. S., The Greek Patristic View of Nature (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1968).

Weir, D. A., The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth‐Century Reformation Thought (Oxford: Clarendon Press; 1990).

14. German Church

Baranowski, Shelley, The Confessing Church, Conservative Elites, and the Nazi State (Lewiston/Queenston: Mellen, 1986).

Conway, J. S., The Nazi Persecution of the Churches (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1968).

—— ‘The German Church Struggle: Its Making and Meaning’, in Hubert G. Locke (ed.), The Church Confronts the Nazis: Barmen then and now (Toronto: Mellen, 1984), 93–143.

Ericksen, Robert P., Theologians under Hitler (New Haven, Conn.: Yale, 1985).

Kershaw, Ian, Popular Opinion and Political Dissent in the Third Reich: Bavaria 1933–45 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).

Nowak, Kurt, ‘Deutsche Christen’, Evangelisches Kirchenlexicon, 1 (1986), cols. 825–7.

Scholder, Klaus, The Churches and the Third Reich (2 vols., Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988–).

(p.235) Wright, Jonathan R. C., ‘The German Protestant Church and the Nazi Party in the Period of the Seizure of Power 1932–3’, Studies in Church History, 14 (Oxford, 1977), 393–418.

15. Linguistic and Literary Aspects

Barr, James, The Semantics of Biblical Language (London: Oxford University Press, 1961).

—— Biblical Words for Time (2nd edn; London: SCM 1969).

—— ‘ “Determination” and the Definite Article in Biblical Hebrew’, JSS 34 (1989), 307–35.

Basson, A. H., and O'Connor, D. J., ‘Language and Philosophy: Some Suggestions for an Empirical Approach’, Philosophy, 22 (1947, 49–65.

Caird, George B., The Language and Imagery of the Bible (London: Duckworth, 1980).

Clarke, Bowman L., Language and Natural Theology (Janua Linguarum, Series Minor, 47; The Hague: Mouton, 1966).

Erickson, Richard J., James Barr and the Beginnings of Biblical Semantics (Notre Dame, Ind.: Anthroscience Minigraph Series, Foundations Press, 1984).

Prickett, Stephen, Words and the Word: Language, Poetics and Biblical Interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Soskice, Janet M., Metaphor and Religious Language (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985).

16. Relations With Science

Barr, J., ‘Man and Nature: The Ecological Controversy and the Old Testament; BJRL 55 (1972–3), 9–32,

repr. in D. Spring and E. Spring (eds.), Ecology and Religion in History (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1974), 48–75.

Foster, M. B., ‘The Christian Doctrine of Creation and the Rise of Modern Natural Science’, Mind, 43 (1934, 446–68.

—— ‘Christian Theology and Modern Science of Nature I and II’, Mind, 44 (1935), 439–66; 45 (1936, 1–27.

O'Neil, W. M., Early Astronomy from Babylonia to Copernicus (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1986).

Oppenheim, A. Leo, ‘Man and Nature in Mesopotamian Civilization’, in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, xv (New York: Scribners, 1970–80), 634–66.

Soden, W. von, ‘Leistung und Grenze sumerischer und babylonischer Wissenschaft’, published together with Landsberger's ‘Die Eigenbegrifflichkeit der babylonischen Welt’ (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1965). (p.236)