Leibniz Arrives at Monads
Leibniz held that there are no material substances (because of divisibility), and that there are immaterial substances, which he called ‘monads’. They are absolutely real; bodies are appearances of monads, and are phenomenal; space and time are ideal. Leibniz is not an idealist. His reasons for holding that all minds are monads and his further reason (his gradualism) for holding that all monads are mindlike are also given.
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