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Moral ThinkingIts Levels, Method, and Point$

R. M. Hare

Print publication date: 1981

Print ISBN-13: 9780198246602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198246609.001.0001

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(p.229) References and Bibliography

(p.229) References and Bibliography

Moral Thinking
Oxford University Press

1. Writings of R. M. Hare

For completeness, all works published since 1971 are listed. References are also given to works cited in this book and published before 1971. A complete bibliography up to 1971 is printed in H 1971b. References in the text of the form ‘H 1963a:75’ are to this part of the bibliography, the last figure being the page. References to The Language of Morals (1952) and Freedom and Reason (1963) take the form of the letters ‘LM’ or ‘FR’ followed by the chapter and section numbers. Internal references to this book are to chapters and sections, and either stand by themselves or are preceded by a semicolon.

  1. 1952 The Language of Morals (Oxford U. P.). Revised 1961. Translations: Italian, Il linguaggio della morale (Astrolabio‐Ubaldini, 1968); German, Die Sprache der Moral (Suhrkamp, 1972); Spanish, El Lenguaje de la Moral (Mexico U. P., 1975).

  2. 1955 ‘Universalisability’, Aristotelian Society 55. Repr. in H 1972b. Spanish translation in Problemas de Etica, ed. F. Salmeron and E. Rabossi (Mexico U. P.).

  3. 1960 ‘Philosophical Discoveries’, Mind 69. Repr. in Plato's Meno, ed. A. Sesonske and N. Fleming (Wadsworth, 1965), The Linguistic Turn, ed. R. Rorty (U. of Chicago P., 1967), Philosophy and Linguistics, ed. C. Lyas (Macmillan, London and St. Martin's P., 1971), and H 1971c. German translation in Linguistik und Philosophie, ed. G. Grewendorf and G. Meggle (Suhrkamp, 1974).

  4. 1962 Review of M. Singer, Generalization in Ethics, Ph. Q. 12.

  5. 1963a Freedom and Reason (Oxford U. P.). Translations: Italian, Libertà e ragione (Il Saggiatore, 1971); German, Freiheit und Vernunft (Patmos, 1973).

  6. 1963b ‘Descriptivism’, British Academy 49. Repr. in 1972b.

  7. 1964 ‘Pain and Evil’, Aristotelian Society supp. 38. Repr. in Moral Concepts, ed. J. Feinberg (Oxford U. P., 1969) and H 1972b.

  8. (p.230)
  9. 1967 ‘The Lawful Government’, in Philosophy, Politics and Society 3, ed. P. Laslett and W. G. Runciman (Blackwell). Repr. in 1972d.

  10. 1968 Review of G. J. Warnock, Contemporary Moral Philosophy, Mind 77.

  11. 1971a Review of L. van der Post, The Prisoner and the Bomb, New York Review of Books 17 (20 May).

  12. 1971b Practical Inferences (Macmillan, London and U. of California P.).

  13. 1971c Essays on Philosophical Method (Macmillan, London and U. of California P.). Italian translation, Studi sul metodo filosofico (Armando, 1977).

  14. 1971d ‘Drugs and the Role of the Doctor’ and other contributions to Personality and Science, ed. I. T. Ramsey and R. Porter (CIBA Foundation Report, Churchill Livingstone).

  15. 1971e ‘Wanting: Some Pitfalls’, in Agent, Action and Reason, ed. R. Binkley et al. (Toronto U. P. and Blackwell). Also in 1971b.

  16. 1972a ‘Principles’, Aristotelian Society 72.

  17. 1972b Essays on the Moral Concepts (Macmillan, London and U. of California P.)

  18. 1972c ‘Rules of War and Moral Reasoning’, Ph. and Pub. Aff. 1. Repr. in War and Moral Responsibility, ed. M. Cohen et al. (Princeton U. P.).

  19. 1972d Applications of Moral Philosophy (Macmillan, London and U. of California P.). Japanese translation forthcoming.

  20. 1972e Review of G. J. Warnock, The Object of Morality, Ratio 14 (English and German edns.).

  21. 1973a Critical Study: ‘Rawls' Theory of Justice—I and II’, Ph.Q. 23. Repr. in Reading Rawls, ed. N. Daniels (Blackwell, 1975).

  22. 1973b ‘The Simple Believer’, in Religion and Morality, ed. G. Outka and J. P. Reeder (Anchor P.).

  23. 1973c ‘Language and Moral Education’, in New Essays in the Philosophy of Education, ed. G. Langford and D. J. O'Connor (Routledge). Repr. in H 1979e.

  24. 1973d ‘Sad Moralny’ (‘Moral Judgement’), Etyka (Warsaw) 11 (in Polish with English and Russian summaries).

  25. (p.231)
  26. 1974a Comment on R. Edgley, ‘Reason and Violence’, in Practical Reason, ed. S. Körner (Blackwell and Yale U. P.).

  27. 1974b ‘The Abnormal Child: Moral Dilemmas of Doctors and Parents’, Documentation in Medical Ethics 3. Repr. as ‘Survival of the Weakest’ in Moral Problems in Medicine, ed. S. Gorovitz (Prentice‐Hall, 1976).

  28. 1974c ‘Platonism in Moral Education: Two Varieties’, Monist 58.

  29. 1974d ‘What Use is Moral Philosophy?’, television discussion with A. J. P. Kenny, in Philosophy in the Open (Open U.).

  30. 1975a ‘Contrasting Methods of Environmental Planning’, in Nature and Conduct, ed. R. S. Peters (R. Inst. of Ph. Lectures, 1974, Macmillan. London and St. Martin's P.). Repr. in Ethics and Problems of the 21st Century, ed. K. Goodpaster and K: Sayre (U. of Notre Dame P., 1979).

  31. 1975b ‘Autonomy as an Educational Ideal’, in Philosophers Discuss Education, ed. S. C. Brown (Proc. of R. Inst. of Ph. Conference, Macmillan, London, 1973).

  32. 1975c ‘Abortion and the Golden Rule’, Ph. and Pub. Aff. 4. Repr. in Philosophy and Sex, ed. R. Baker and F. Elliston (Prometheus, 1975).

  33. 1975d ‘Euthanasia: A Christian View’, Ph. Exchange 2 (Proc. of Center for Philosophic Exchange, Brockport, N. Y.).

  34. 1976a ‘Ethical Theory and Utilitarianism’, in Contemporary British Philosophy 4, ed. H. D. Lewis (Allen and Unwin).

  35. 1976b ‘Some Confusions about Subjectivity’, in Freedom and Morality, ed. J. Bricke (Lindley Lectures, U. of Kansas).

  36. 1976c ‘Political Obligation’, in Social Ends and Political Means, ed. T. Honderich (Routledge).

  37. 1976d ‘Value Education in a Pluralist Society: a Philosophical Glance at the Humanities Curriculum Project’, in Proc. of Ph. of Ed. Soc. of G. B. 10, ed. R. S. Peters.

  38. 1976e Review of H.‐N. Castañeda, The Structure of Morality, J. Phil. 73.

  39. 1977a ‘Medical Ethics: Can the Moral Philosopher Help?’ in Philosophy and Medicine 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics, its Nature and Significance (Reidel).

  40. (p.232)
  41. 1977b ‘Geach on Murder and Sodomy’ (on ‘is’–‘ought’ inferences), Philosophy 52.

  42. 1977c ‘Opportunity for What?: Some Remarks on Current Disputes About Equality in Education’, Oxford Rev. of Ed. 3.

  43. 1977d ‘Justice and Equality’, Etyka (Warsaw) 15 (in Polish with English and Russian summaries). English Version (revised) in Justice and Economic Distribution, ed. J. Arthur and W. Shaw (Prentice‐Hall, 1978). Discussion in Dialectics and Humanism (Warsaw) 6 (1979).

  44. 1978a ‘Prediction and Moral Appraisal’, Mid‐West Studies 3.

  45. 1978b ‘Relevance’, in Values and Morals, ed. A. I. Goldman and J. Kim (Reidel).

  46. 1978c ‘Moral Philosophy’, interview with B. Magee in his Men of Ideas (B. B. C. Pubs.).

  47. 1979a ‘What Makes Choices Rational?’, Rev. Met. 32.

  48. 1979b ‘Utilitarianism and the Vicarious Affects’, in The Philosophy of Nicholas Rescher, ed. E. Sosa (Reidel).

  49. 1979c ‘What is Wrong with Slavery’, Ph. and Pub. Aff. 8.

  50. 1979d ‘Non‐descriptivist Ethics’ and ‘Utilitarianism’, in Encyclopedia of Bioethics, ed. W. Reich (Free Press).

  51. 1979e Repr. of H 1973c with criticism by G. J. Warnock and reply, in The Domain of Moral Education, ed. D. B. Cochrane et al. (Paulist P. and Ontario Inst. for St. in Ed.).

  52. 1979f ‘Universal and Past‐tense Prescriptions: a Reply to Mr. Ibberson’, Analysis 39.

  53. 1979g ‘On Terrorism’, J. of Val. Inq. 13.

  54. 1980 ‘Moral Conflicts’, in Tanner Lectures on Human Values, ed. S. McMurrin (U. of Utah P. and Cambridge U. P.).

  55. 1982 Plato in Past Masters series (Oxford U. P., forthcoming).

2. Other Writings

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (refs. to Bekker's pages and columns given in margins of most edns. and translations).

Arrow, K. J. (1963), Social Choice and Individual Values, second edn. (Wiley).

—— (1977), ‘Extended Sympathy and the Possibility of Social Choice’, Am. Econ. Ass.

(p.233) Austin, J. L. (1956), ‘A Plea for Excuses’, Aristotelian Society 57. Repr. in next item.

—— (1961), Philosophical Papers (Oxford U. P.).

—— (1962), How to Do Things with Words (Oxford U. P.).

Baker, J. (1977), A Select Bibliography of Moral Philosophy (Oxford University Sub‐faculty of Philosophy).

Bentham, J. (1825), The Rationale of Reward.

Bergström, L. (1971), ‘Utilitarianism and Alternative Actions’, Noûs 5.

Berliner, H. (1980), ‘Computer Backgammon’, Scientific American 242 (June).

Bradley, F. H. (1876), ‘Why Should I be Moral?’, in his Ethical Studies (Oxford U. P.).

Brandt, R. B. (1979), A Theory of the Good and the Right (Oxford U. P.).

Camus, A. (1942), L'Étranger (Gallimard).

Devlin, Lord (1959), The Enforcement of Morals, British Academy 45.

Dworkin, R. M. (1977a), Taking Rights Seriously (Harvard U. P.).

—— (1977b), ‘No Right Answer’, in Law, Morality, and Society: Essays in Honour of H. L. A. Hart (Oxford U. P.).

Fisher, E. M. W. (1962), ‘A System of Deontic‐Alethic Modal Logic’, Mind 71.

Foot, P. R. (1958a), ‘Moral Beliefs’, Aristotelian Society 59. Repr. in her Theories of Ethics (Oxford U. P., 1967).

—— (1958b), ‘Moral Arguments’, Mind 67. Repr. in Contemporary Ethical Theory, ed. J. Margolis (Random House, 1966). This and preceding item repr. in her Virtues and Vices (Blackwell and U. of Chicago P., 1978).

Gauthier, D. P. (1968), ‘Hare's Debtors’, Mind 77.

Gellner, E. (1979), ‘The Social Roots of Egalitarianism’, Dialectics and Humanism (Warsaw) 6.

Gensler, H. (1976), ‘The Prescriptivism Incompleteness Theorem’, Mind 85.

Godwin, W. (1793), An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice.

Grice, H. P. and Strawson, P. F. (1956), ‘In Defense of a Dogma’, Ph. Rev. 65.

Hampshire, Sir Stuart (1972), ‘Morality and Pessimism’, Leslie Stephen Lecture, Cambridge. Repr. in his Public and Private Morality (Cambridge U. P., 1978). (p.234)

Harsanyi, J. C. (1953), ‘Cardinal Utility in Welfare Economics and in the Theory of Risk‐Taking’, J. Pol. Econ. 61.

—— (1955), ‘Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility’, J. Pol. Econ. 63. This and preceding item repr. in his Essays in Ethics (Reidel, 1976).

—— (1977), Rational Behaviour (Cambridge U. P.).

Hart, H. L. A. (1961), The Concept of Law (Oxford U. P.).

Haslett, D. W. (1974), Moral Rightness (Nijhoff).

Hohfeld, W. (1923), Fundamental Legal Conceptions (Yale U. P. and Oxford U. P.).

Hudson, W. D., ed. (1969), The Is–Ought Question (Macmillan, London).

Hume, D. (1739), A Treatise of Human Nature.

Kant, I. (1785), Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten (Groundwork to the Metaphysic of Morals), translated as The Moral Law by H. J. Paton (Hutchinson and Barnes and Noble, 1948; refs. to pages of second edn. in margin).

Kohlberg, L. (1970), ‘Education for Justice’, in Moral Education, ed. T. Sizer, (Harvard U. P.).

Lewis, C. I. (1946), An Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation (Open Court).

Locke, J. (1690), An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

Lyons, D. (1965), Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism (Oxford U. P.).

Mackie, J. L. (1946), ‘A Refutation of Morals’, Austr. J. of Ph. 24.

—— (1977), Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong (Penguin).

Mill, J. S. (1861), ‘Utilitarianism’.

Mitchell, B. G. (1980), Morality, Religious and Secular (Oxford U. P.).

Moore, G. E. (1903), Principia Ethica (Cambridge U. P.).

—— (1912), Ethics (Williams and Norgate and Holt).

Monsarrat, N. (1951), The Cruel Sea (Cassell).

Nagel, T. (1980), ‘The Limits of Objectivity’, in Tanner Lectures on Human Values, ed. S. McMurrin (U. of Utah P. and Cambridge U. P.).

Nozick, R. (1968), ‘Moral Complications and Moral Structures’, Natural Law Forum 13.

—— (1974), Anarchy, State and Utopia (Basic Books).

Parfit, D. (1971), ‘Personal Identity’, Ph. Rev. 80. (p.235)

Plato, Euthyphro, Protagoras, Meno, Republic. Refs. to Stephanus' pages.

Popper, Sir Karl (1947a), ‘Logic without Assumptions’, Aristotelian Society 47.

—— (1947b), ‘New Foundations for Logic’, Mind 56.

Prichard, H. A. (1912), ‘Does Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?’, Mind 21. Repr. in his Moral Obligation (Oxford U. P., 1949).

Prior, A. N. (1960), ‘The Runabout Inference Ticket’, Analysis 21. Repr. in his Papers in Logic and Ethics (Duckworth, 1976).

Quine, W. V. (1951), ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’, Ph. Rev. 60. Repr. in his From a Logical Point of View (Harvard U. P., 1953).

Rawls, J. (1955), ‘Two Concepts of Rules’, Ph. Rev. 64.

—— (1971), A Theory of Justice (Harvard U. P. and Oxford U. P.).

Rescher, N. (1975), Unselfishness (U. of Pittsburgh P.).

Richards, D. A. J. (1971) A Theory of Reasons for Action (Oxford U. P.).

Robinson, R. (1948), ‘The Emotive Theory of Ethics’, Aristotelian Society supp. 22.

Ross, Sir David (1930), The Right and the Good (Oxford U. P.).

Royce, J. (1908), The Philosophy of Loyalty (Macmillan, New York).

Ryle, G. (1949), The Concept of Mind (Hutchinson).

Sellars, W. (1980), ‘On Reasoning about Values’, Am. Ph. Q. 17.

Sen, A. K. (1970), Collective Choice and Social Welfare (Holden Day and Oliver and Boyd).

—— (1979), ‘Utilitarianism and Welfarism’, J. Phil. 76.

Sidgwick, H. (1907), The Methods of Ethics (seventh edn., Macmillan, London, 1907; first published 1874).

Singer, P. (1972), ‘Famine, Affluence and Morality’, Ph. and Pub. Aff. 1.

—— (1973), ‘The Triviality of the Debate over “Is–Ought” and the Definition of “Moral” ’, Am. Ph. Q. 10.

—— (1979), Practical Ethics (Cambridge U. P.).

—— (1981), The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, and Oxford U. P.).

Smart, J. J. C. (1973), in J. J. C. Smart and B. A. O. Williams, (p.236) Utilitarianism: For and Against (Cambridge U. P.).

Spinoza, B. de (1677), ‘Ethics’.

Stevenson, C. L. (1942), ‘Moore's Arguments against Certain Forms of Ethical Naturalism’, in The Philosophy of G. E. Moore, ed. P. Schilpp (Northwestern U. P. and Cambridge U. P.).

Strawson, Sir Peter (1961), ‘Social Morality and Individual Ideal’, Philosophy 36. See also GRICE.

Stroup, T. (1981), ‘In Defense of Westermarck’, J. of Hist. of Ph. 19.

Taylor, C. C. W. (1965), Review of R. M. Hare, Freedom and Reason, Mind 74.

Torrance, S. B. (1977), ‘Non‐Descriptivism: a Logico‐Ethical Study’, doctoral thesis deposited in Bodleian Library, Oxford (MS. D. Phil. d 6345).

—— (1981), ‘Prescriptivism and Incompleteness’, Mind (forthcoming).

Urmson, J. O. (1958), ‘Saints and Heroes’, in Essays in Moral Philosophy, ed. A. I. Melden (Washington U. P.).

—— (1975), ‘A Defence of Intuitionism’, Aristotelian Society 75.

Vendler, Z. (1976), ‘A Note to the Paralogisms’, in Contemporary Aspects of Philosophy, ed. G. Ryle (Oriel P.).

Warnock, G. J. (1967), Contemporary Moral Philosophy (Macmillan, London and St. Martin's P.).

—— (1971), The Object of Morality (Methuen).

Wiggins, D. (1976), Truth, Invention, and the Meaning of Life, British Academy 62.

Williams, B. A. O. (1970), ‘The Self and the Future’, Ph. Rev. 79. Repr. in his Problems of the Self (Cambridge U. P., 1973).

—— (1973), in J. J. C. Smart and B. A. O. Williams, Utilitarianism: For and Against (Cambridge U. P.).

—— (1976), ‘Utilitarianism and Self‐Indulgence’, in Contemporary British Philosophy 4, ed. H. D. Lewis (Allen and Unwin).

Wittgenstein, L. (1953), Philosophical Investigations (Blackwell).

Xenophon, Memorabilia Socratis.