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RevelationFrom Metaphor to Analogy$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198239680

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198239688.001.0001

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Analogy and Metaphor

Analogy and Metaphor

Chapter:
(p.39) 3 Analogy and Metaphor
Source:
Revelation
Author(s):

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198239688.003.0004

Following J. Ross, I argue that words in two sentences are used univocally if they have the same synonyms, antonyms, determinates, determinables, etc.; analogically if they have some of the same synonyms, etc; and equivocally if they have none of the same synonyms, etc. An analogical sense of a word is a standard sense that it may have in many different sentences. By contrast, a metaphorical sense of a word or token sentence is a new sense generated by the meaning of the type sentence and a new context. Metaphorical sentences have truth‐values.

Keywords:   analogy, equivocal, metaphor, Ross, synonymy, univocal

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