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The Evolution of the Soul$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198236986

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198236980.001.0001

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Body and Soul

Body and Soul

Chapter:
(p.145) 8. Body and Soul
Source:
The Evolution of the Soul
Author(s):

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198236980.003.0008

Personal identity cannot be analysed either in terms of a continuity of mental life, or in terms of continuity of bodily matter. Continuing personal identity in the short term is a datum of experience, not merely known by inference from other experiences. To express this fact within an integrated system of thought, we must think of human persons as substances that consist of two parts – soul (the essential part) and body (non‐essential). Part 2 of this book (Chs. 8–10) develops this view more fully. The argument of this chapter is put in precise logical form in New Appendix C. New Appendix D claims that souls have thisness; that is, the indiscernibility of identicals does not apply to souls.

Keywords:   body, Descartes, Hume, indiscernibility of identicals, Leibniz, Parfit, personal identity, soul, thisness, Bernard Williams

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