Most arguments regarding the use and treatment of animals in experimentation tend to assume that animal research is necessary for human well-being. What is needed in the discussion, though, is a concrete casuistry of the burdens to animals and the benefits to humans. Categories of both, which can be divided into minimal, moderate, serious, and very grave, are then utilized to establish guidelines for experiments which, if followed, would result in a much greater restriction on animal pain and animal suffering.
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