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Bioethics and WomenAcross the Lifespan$
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Mary Briody Mahowald

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195176179

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195176170.001.0001

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 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth

 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth

(p.158) 9 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth
Bioethics and Women

Mary Briody Mahowald

Oxford University Press

Cases illustrating variables relevant to women’s choices about contraception, sterilization, and abortion are presented. With regard to abortion, these include duration of gestation, condition of the fetus, methods of termination, availability and cost of the procedure, medical risks to the woman or potential child, capacity for parenting, responsibilities based on relationships to others, and different positions about the moral status of the fetus. For each topic, empirical and theoretical factors are discussed from an egalitarian perspective that privileges women’s standpoint vis-à-vis men’s not only on grounds of nondominance but also on grounds that women, not men, are directly affected by pregnancy.

Keywords:   pregnant women, abortion, contraception, sterilization, medical risks, fetus, relationships, termination of pregnancy, egalitarian perspective, women’s standpoint

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