This chapter begins by examining the interface between Nietzsche's values generally and the claims of fact sketched in Chapter 1. It is argued that just as his explanations are variants on Darwinian ones, so is his way of making his transition from explanations to values. How Nietzsche explains values is determined in order to address his metaethics — in particular this question about the ontic and epistemic relations between his facts and his values. It is shown that Nietzsche uses his quasi-Darwinian facts about the sources of our values to raise himself (as he thinks) into a superior valuative stance, from which he carries out his “revaluation of values”. This stance gives credit or support to the “new values” that result from this revaluation.
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