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AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty$
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Eileen Stillwaggon

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195169271.001.0001

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Opportunistic Investments for Health and Human Development

Opportunistic Investments for Health and Human Development

Chapter:
(p.211) 11 Opportunistic Investments for Health and Human Development
Source:
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
Author(s):

Eileen Stillwaggon (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195169271.003.0011

This chapter uses the economic concept of externalities to evaluate the positive spillovers that exist in health interventions. It argues for mainstreaming AIDS prevention by addressing a broad array of development problems, rather than by employing a just-in-time approach to HIV intervention. It demonstrates that non-health investments are often the best way to achieve health goals, such as increasing the efficiency of customs regulations at border posts to reduce the spread of HIV along trucking routes. It also argues for broad community health programs that exploit economies of scale and scope.

Keywords:   externalities, spillovers, development, non-health investments, borders, customs regulations, economies of scale, economies of scope

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