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AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty$
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Eileen Stillwaggon

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195169271.001.0001

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Perspective

Perspective

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Perspective
Source:
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
Author(s):

Eileen Stillwaggon (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195169271.003.0001

This chapter discusses the modes of transmission, worldwide distribution, and environmental conditions necessary for the spread of HIV. It explains the epidemiological framework for understanding disease spread, which includes characteristics of the pathogen, the host, and the environment. The appendix to this chapter presents cross-national survey data on sexual behavior. The data demonstrate that there is no correlation between higher national prevalence of HIV and countries with higher rates of early initiation of sex, premarital sex, or multipartnered sex.

Keywords:   HIV transmission, HIV distribution, epidemiology, pathogen, host, environment, sexual behavior

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