The internationalization of the world has been proceeding for centuries, though not with the “thickness” of pace and intensity of globalization today. The notion that globalization is tantamount to Americanization is commonplace but simplistic. While the spread of U.S. economic and cultural influence is an important feature of globalization, the latter is a very much wider phenomenon that is affecting U.S. society itself. While U.S. preponderance is engendering centers of resistance in some cultures, the globalization being resisted is actively assisting socioeconomic development – and it is the changes being induced by this modernization, rather than by the American presence in it, which informs the antimodernism that presents itself as anti‐Americanism. What U.S. foreign economic policy needs to guard against is the emergence of patterns of economic inequality, which foment hatred, and this will require U.S. assistance in the creation of global networks through which preventive governance can be exercised.
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