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Black Puritan, Black RepublicanThe Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833$
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John Saillant

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195157178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195157176.001.0001

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Making and Breaking the Revolutionary Covenant

Making and Breaking the Revolutionary Covenant

Chapter:
(p.117) 4 Making and Breaking the Revolutionary Covenant
Source:
Black Puritan, Black Republican
Author(s):

John Saillant (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195157176.003.0005

Support of the Federalist Party and opposition to the Democratic‐Republicans afforded Lemuel Haynes his first engagement with a public sphere beyond church congregations and revival audiences. He supported Federalists George Washington and John Adams, both of whom had some reputation in the early republic as enemies of slaveholding. New Englanders Ezra Stiles and Timothy Dwight, each man a president of Yale College, articulated a vision of blacks and whites united in a Christian postslavery society. This was a patrician vision that Haynes and black contemporaries like Richard Allen, leader of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, found convincing insofar as it suggested that a class of social and religious leaders would act to protect black rights. However, Jeffersonian ideology spread even into western Vermont; in 1818, Haynes was dismissed from his pulpit because of his Federalism and his criticism of the War of 1812.

Keywords:   Adams, African Methodist Episcopal Church, Allen, Democratic‐Republicans, Dwight, Federalist Party, Stiles, Vermont, War of 1812, George Washington

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