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The Bijak of Kabir$
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Linda Hess and Shukdeo Singh

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195148763

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195148762.001.0001

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(p.135) Appendix A: Upside‐Down Language

(p.135) Appendix A: Upside‐Down Language

The Bijak of Kabir
Linda Hess
Oxford University Press

There are three appendices. The first discusses the long tradition of “upside‐down language” (language that is absurd, paradoxical, and impenetrable) in India, and the interpretation of Kabir's upside‐down songs. The second gives notes on metre and rhyme. The third gives details of versions and editions of the Bījak and errors in the Hindi edition.

Keywords:   Bījak, India, Kabir, metre, oral poetry, poetry, rhyme, upside‐down language

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