Recollection in the Phaedo
In the Phaedo, Socrates pulls away from and repudiates recollection as it is portrayed in the Meno. In the Phaedo, it is Cebes who champions the Meno's form of recollection; Socrates presents recollection in a new and distinct way. In the Meno, recollection of all knowledge is said to come by way of questions or diagrams; in the Phaedo, recollection is of pure Forms by way of deficient sensibles. In the Meno, the soul remembers what it learned in previous lives here and in Hades; in the Phaedo, the soul recollects what it has seen in the realm of the nonvisible intelligibles, the Forms. The version of recollection that appears in the Meno is designed specifically for the misologist Meno; the version of recollection that appears in the Phaedo is designed for Simmias and Cebes who love argument only too well: what they lack is the philosophical yearning for the otherworldly life of communing with transcendent Forms.
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