Four types of critique have been leveled at the work and thought of Rachid Ghannouchi.
The first critique is government sponsored and is exercised by local writers, such as Abdelqader Zghal, or by foreign journalists, such as those of The Sunday Telegraph and The Sunday Express, and authors, such as Michael Collins Dunn, who are suspected of writing at the behest of the Tunisian authorities.
The second critique emanates from Arab secularist writers, such as Egypt's Bahey Eddin Hassan and Sudan's Haydar Ibrahim, who see Ghannouchi as a foe who endeavors to undermine their own positions.
The third critique emanates from former comrades, such as Mohamed Elhachmi Hamdi, who left the movement either for personal reasons or because they have been disillusioned.
The fourth critique emanates from within the same Islamic school of thought to which Ghannouchi belongs, such as Abelwahab Elmessiri, who accuse Ghannouchi of oversimplifying Western liberal concepts including democracy.
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