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The Heart of Islamic Philosophy
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The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

William C. Chittick

Abstract

Afdal al‐Dîn Kâshânî, better known as Bâbâ Afdal, died in the village of Maraq near Kashan in central Iran in the year 1210. Little is known of his life or his teachers, only that he taught in Maraq and had many students. His Persian philosophical prose is the most beautiful in the language. He mentions Aristotle and Hermes among previous philosophers, but only alludes to his Muslim predecessors. His views, like those of the Ikhwân al‐Safâ’ and many others, are strongly tinged with Neoplatonism. He explains with rare clarity that the goal of philosophy is to actualize intelligence and to achie ... More

Keywords: Baba Afdal, cosmology, ethics, intellect, Islamic philosophy, Kashani, Neoplatonism, Persian prose, philosophical psychology, self‐knowledge

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2001 Print ISBN-13: 9780195139136
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0195139135.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William C. Chittick, author
State University of New York, Stony Brook
Author Webpage

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