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Who Rides the Beast?Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse$
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Paul B. Duff

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195138351

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019513835X.001.0001

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The Women of Revelation

The Women of Revelation

Binding “Jezebel” To “Babylon”

Chapter:
(p.83) 7 The Women of Revelation
Source:
Who Rides the Beast?
Author(s):

Paul B. Duff (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019513835X.003.0007

The author of the Book of Revelation highlights four female figures throughout the Book of Revelation: “Jezebel” (Ch. 2), the unnamed woman “clothed with the sun” (Ch. 12), “Babylon” (Ch. 17), and “Jerusalem” (Chs. 21–22). Two of these women are depicted positively (the unnamed woman and “Jerusalem”) and two negatively (“Jezebel” and “Babylon”). John forges strong links between the positive figures and between the negative figures and then sets these linked pairs over against one another. By closely linking the negative women, “Jezebel” and “Babylon,” and by setting them over against the positive women, he first places his Christian rival on the side of evil and, second, he attacks “Jezebel” indirectly by maligning “Babylon.” By focusing on both gender and food issues in the descriptions of the four women, John is able to comment indirectly on the charges of ɛιδωλόθυτα and πορνɛία that he had leveled against “Jezebel” in Ch. 2.

Keywords:   πορνɛία, ɛιδωλόθυτα, Babylon, food issues, gender issues, Jerusalem, Jezebel, woman “clothed with the sun”

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