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Reformers in the WingsFrom Geiler von Kaysersberg to Theodore Beza$
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David C. Steinmetz

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130485

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130480.001.0001

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Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560)

Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560)

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(p.49) 6 Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560)
Reformers in the Wings

David C. Steinmetz (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Melanchthon was one of Martin Luther's closest associates in Wittenberg and the author of the Augsburg Confession, numerous commentaries on the Bible (including five commentaries on Romans), commentaries on Aristotle, and an important and much revised theological handbook, the Loci Communes. He was accused by some of Luther's disciples, the so‐called Gnesio‐Lutherans, of sharply modifying or even betraying the heritage of Luther in a series of controversies over free will, justification, the Lord's Supper (or Eucharist), and adiaphora. Melanchthon clearly did differ with Luther on several issues, including the positive role he gave to philosophy and what he called the “method of Paul” (methodus Pauli).

Keywords:   Adiaphora, Aristotle, Augsburg Confession, Eucharist, free will, Gnesio‐Lutheran, justification, Loci Communes, Lord's supper, Luther

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