Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Without Benefit of Clergy
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Without Benefit of Clergy: Women and the Pastoral Relationship in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Karin E. Gedge


By examining a wide variety of public and private primary sources from northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and midwestern states, Gedge challenges an assumption prevalent in nineteenth-century culture as well as twentieth-century historiography: women and clergy formed a natural alliance, exercised a particular influence over each other, and enjoyed a close, even perilously intimate, relationship. Part I locates the perception of a dangerous pastoral relationship in the published accounts of European travelers and in pamphlets describing dozens of criminal, civil, and ecclesiastical trials of clergy a ... More

Keywords: nineteenth-century American culture, women, Protestant clergy, “feminization” of clergy, “professionalization” of clergy, pastoral theology, gender ideology, separate spheres, sexual misconduct, pastoral relationship

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2003 Print ISBN-13: 9780195130201
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005 DOI:10.1093/0195130200.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Karin E. Gedge, author
Westchester University
Author Webpage

Show Summary Details

subscribe or login to access all content.

Subscriber Login

Forgotten your password?