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Mobilizing for PeaceConflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine$
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Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195125924

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195125924.001.0001

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NGOs in the Context of National Struggle

NGOs in the Context of National Struggle

Chapter:
(p.130) 6 NGOs in the Context of National Struggle
Source:
Mobilizing for Peace
Author(s):

Maanuel Hassassian

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195125924.003.0006

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) began to develop in Palestine after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in 1967, but only a few of these can be considered peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs). P/CRO growth was hindered by the culture of antagonism with Israel, the neopatriarchal structure of Palestinian society and the autocracy of the Palestinian Authority, and the Israeli occupation's stifling effect on civil society, and many Palestinians have preferred armed resistance. P/CROs were usually internally democratic; ideology played an important role in success or failure, most relied on international funding, and all either regarded themselves as complementing the Palestinian Authority or monitoring it. P/CRO activities included human rights advocacy, the representation of Palestinian interests to the international community, and domestic consciousness raising. However, the P/CRO contribution to peace building has been insignificant, and the true Palestinian “peace camp” is the Palestinian Authority.

Keywords:   civil society, consciousness raising, human rights, international community, Israeli occupation, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), P/CRO contribution to peace building, Palestine, Palestinian Authority, peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs)

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