(p.389) Appendix C Extant Works of Gyōnen
(p.389) Appendix C Extant Works of Gyōnen
Abstract and Keywords
This appendix provides a list of both the known extant writings (46, excluding letters and dedications) of Gyōnen, the Buddhist historian, and current text-critical information on each of these works, including all known editions, what form they are in (holograph, manuscript, xylograph, modern printed), and where they are held.
Below is a list of all known extant writings by Gyōnen, excluding letters and dedications. Lists of all writings attributed to Gyōnen have been published in Gyōnen kokushi nenpū by Ōya Tokujō (supplement, p. 8), Gyōnen Daitoku jiseki kōgai (p. 297) edited by Shindō Shinkai, and the Tōdaiji jiten (p. 492). A list of Gyōnen holographs held at Tōdaiji is in Sōshō, Gyōnen shahon mokuroku published by the Tōdaiji library in 1959. But there is no complete list of Gyōnen's extant works, where they can be found and in what form. The information below is an attempt to address this problem, but the reader is forewarned that this list should not be considered complete, but should be updated as new sources come to light. For example, recent discoveries have been made of writings recorded on the backside of other texts, but most holographs have yet to be examined for this possibility.
By 1959 the Japanese Ministry of Culture had designated 149 fascicles of Gyōnen holographs as Important Cultural Properties (jūyū bunkazai). They and are noted here under the abbreviation ICP, together with catalog numbers from Kokuhō, jūyō bunkazai daizen, vol. 7, published by the Mainichi Shinbun (1998). Recently four more fascicles have been added, and the Ministry appears committed to registering all verifiable Gyōnen holographs in this category if they are considered exegetical writing (see Kaidan'in jōchi).
Bonmō kaihonsho nichijushō , originally in 50 fascicles; written 1276–1318. Fascicles 14, 23, and 33 are presently missing; the remaining 47 rolls all exist as holographs held by Tōdaiji (ICP 465), except fascicles 18 and 30, which are owned by Kawakami Mitsuo . T No. 2247, 62.4–262, based on a 1626 xylograph. Ono 10.227b.
Chikurinji engi , in 1 fascicle; written in 1305. Earliest extant text is a 1512 manuscript held at Tōshōdaiji. DBZ No. 743, 85.264, where it appears under the title Chikurinji ryakuroku , based on a 1747 manuscript that differs slightly from the Tōshōdaiji text. Ono 8.16c.
Enshō Shōnin gyōjō (also Enshō shōnin gyōjōki, ); in 3 fascicles, written in 1302. Holograph held by Tōdaiji library (ICP (p.390) 162). Zokuzoku gunsho ruiju , 3.476–505 (Tokyo: Kokusho kankōkai, 1908). Facsimile published under the title Tōdaiji Enshō Shōnin gyōjō (Nara: Tōdaiji Kyōgakubu, 1977). One folio also reproduced in facsimile in Nara rokudaiji taikan: Tōdaiji 3 (Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 1972), 211. Ono 1.314b.
Giki kegon shichisho hachietō daikō in 1 fascicle; no known date of composition. Extant as 1551 manuscript at Tōdaiji. Unpublished. Not in Ono.
Gōsho sairokuki shōgishō , original length unknown; no known date of compostion. Recently discovered on the backside of fascile 26 of Bonmō kaihonsho nichijushō. The Ministry of Culture recognizes 13 folios from fascicle 4 as genuine holographs, registering it as ICP 465 (same as Bonmō kaihonsho nichijushō). Tōdaiji, however, considers 8 of the folios to be from a different, unidentified, fascicle. Unpublished. Not in Ono.
Hasshū kōyō , in 2 fascicles; written in 1268. Manuscript tradition lost. Numerous xylographs extant from the Edo period, the earliest a 1653 edition held at Ibaraki University (). DBZ No. 102, 29.11, sourcetext no longer known. In print today as Kōhon Hasshū kōyō , ed. by Ryūkoku Daigaku (Kyoto: Nagata Bunshōdō, 1977). Modern Japanese translations by Tamaki Kōshirō (Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō, 1968); Hirakawa Akira , Butten kōza vol. 39 (Tokyo: Daizō Shuppan, 1980–1981); by Kamata Shigeo in Kōdansha gakujutsu bunko vol. 555 (Tokyo: Kōdansha, 1981); by Ueda Kōen in Nihon no butten vols. 10–11 (Tokyo: Chikuma Shobō, 1990). Ono 9.33b. English translation by Leo Pruden, The Essentials of the Eight Traditions (Berkeley: Numata Center, 1994)
Hokkesho ekōki , orginally 60 fascicles; 10 of which are extant; written 1312–1314. Fascicles 26, 30, 34, 42, 45, 51, 52, and 59 are holographs at Tōdaiji (ICP 465); Hōryūji holds manuscripts of 58 and 60 dated 1382 and 1431. DBZ No. 16, 2.21 based on these two collections. Ono 10.75b.
Jōdo hōmon genrushō , in 1 fascicle; written in 1311. Extant in xylographs from 1633, 1650, 1657, etc. T No. 2687, 84.192, based on a 1657 xylograph. Zoku‐gunsho ruiju: denbu (part two of volume 8), 393, also based on the 1657 xylograph. Jōdo‐shū zensho: 15.584, based on an 1814 edition. Mention in the Gyōnen Daitoku jiseki kōgai, 245, of an undated manuscript copy held at Tōdaiji is in error. Ono 6.112d.
Jūjūshinron gihi , original length unknown; written in 1313–1314. Partially extant in 36 fascicles from what was once probably a complete commentary on Kūkai's ten‐fascicle Himitsu mandara jūjūshinron . Extant are Gyōnen's essays only on Kūkai's fascicles 4, 5, 6, and 9, in the following quantities: 9 fascicles on Jūjūshinron fascicle number four, 7 fascicles on Jūjūshinron fascicle number five, 13 fascicles on Jūjūshinron fascicle number six, and 7 fascicles on Jūjūshinron (p.391) fascicle number nine. Tōdaiji holds the holographs of fascicles 1, 4, 5, and 7 of Gyōnen's commentary on Jūjūshinron four; 6 and 7 of Gyōnen's commentary on Jūjūshinron five; and 9–13 of Gyōnen's commentary on Jūjūshinron six (ICP 465). Kōya‐san University has manuscripts totalling 15 fascicles dating from 1405 and 1444; and there are manuscripts held at Ōtani and Taishō universities dated 1760. Unpublished. Ono 5.170d.
Kaidan'in jōchi (also, Tōdaiji Kaidan'in jōchiki ). One holograph page, later mounted in a scroll, and held at Tōdaiji. Dated 1316. As a lineage proclamation, this holograph has not been recognized as an ICP by the Ministry of Culture “because it does not fall into the category of commentaries and treatises.” Printed in Gyōnen Daitoku jiseki kōgai, 92. Not in Ono.
[Kegon] gojūyō mondō kejinshō , originally at least 21 fascicles; written in 1321. Extant are only fascicles 1 and 21, both as holographs held at Tōdaiji (ICP 465). DBZ No. 148, 35.246, with no confirmation as to the sourcetext. Ono 3.71b.
Kegon gokyōshō tsūroki , originally 52 fascicles; begun in 1299, with the last extant colophon dated 1311. Tōdaiji holds 41 fascicles of undated manuscripts: fascile numbers 2–4, 6, 8, 10–21, 23–27, 34, 38–52. DBZ No. 145, 33.237, but the identity of this sourcetext has been lost. Also at T No. 2339, 72.295 based on the DBZ edition, but checked against the Tōdaiji manuscripts. Ono 3.60c–65a.
Kegon gokyō konryū shidai in 1 fascicle; no known date of composition. Undated manuscript at Tōdaiji. DBZ No. 162, 36.282 based on 1669 mansucript. Also at Nihon daizōkyō No. 342, 75.31, based on an undated xylograph held at Kyoto University. Ono 3.43a.
Kegon gokyōshō kenjōshō , originally 60 fascicles, only one extant, with date of composition 1277. This fascicle number 21 is a 1368 manuscript held at Tōdaiji. Unpublished. Ono 3.51d.
Kegon hokkai gikyō , in 2 fascicles; written in 1295. Tōdaiji holds 1385 mansuscript. DBZ No. 164, 36.292 based on 1695 xylograph. Also at Nihon daizōkyō No. 346, 75.177; sourcetext not identified. Bukkyō taikei vol. 1, 469–539, sourcetext not identified. Ono 3.87a.
Kegon jūjū yuishiki enkanki , in 2 fascicles; written in 1292. Both extant as 1389 manuscripts held at Tōdaiji. Nihon daizōkyō No. 344, 75.125. Second fascicle only at DBZ No. 166, 36.285. Ono 3.78b.
Kegon jūjū yuishiki gyōkanshō , 1 fascicle; written in 1292. Nihon daizōkyō No. 345, 75.163, based on a 1905 separate publication edited by Moribe Teizen (Tokyo: Jōdokyō hōsha ), after its dicsovery among “unpublished Gyōnen writings at Tōdaiji.” Today the text is missing from Tōdaiji and its whereabouts are unknown. DBZ, No. 165, 36.309, based on a different recension in a 1499 manuscript held at Jōrakuin in Tokyo. Ono 3.78c.
(p.392) Kegon jūjū yuishiki jōkanki , originally 7 fascicles, 5 are extant as holographs; written in 1292. Matsui Fumiko , owns fascicle number 4 (ICP 468); Tenri University holds number 7. Ōtani University holds one unidentified fascicle presumed to be a holograph, and also manuscript copies of fascicles 1, 2, 4 and 5, made under the supervision of Nanjō Bunyu in 1903–1905, which he noted were made from holographs held by “private individuals in the Nara area.” DBZ No. 167, 36.322 based on Nanjō's manuscripts. Nihon daizōkyō No. 343, 75.39; sourcetext not identified. Ono 3.79a.
Kegonkyō tangenki dōyūshō , originally 120 fascicles; written between 1304 and 1309. A total of 42 fascicles plus fragments from 2 more are extant: fascicles 46–60, 66, 76–92, 99, 106, 108, 110–112, 114–116, all as holographs held at Tōdaiji (ICP 465). Published at Nihon daizōkyō No. 2, 1.21, based on a manuscript copy at Ōtani University made in 1901 from the Tōdaiji originals, yet without fascicles 92 and 99. Ono 3.28d.
Kegon kumokushō hotsugoki in 23 fascicles, all extant as holographs; written 1286–1287. Fascicle 5 is held by an individual named Karasu Yami (ICP 466), fascicle 21 is kept at the Kyoto National Museum (ICP 467), the remaining are held by Tōdaiji (ICP 465). DBZ No. 150, 36.1, but without fascicle 21. Nihon daizōkyō No. 319, 72.279 for fascicles 1–5 and half of the first folio of fascicle 6, continuing in vol. 73 for fascicles 7–11, 13, and 20 only; this text based on an incomplete manuscript held by Ōtani University dated 1906. Ono 3.41a.
Kegon nishu shōji‐gi , originally 30 fascicles; begun in 1280. 17 fascicles are extant: 2–16, and 18–19. All preserved as holographs at Tōdaiji (ICP 465). Unpublished. Ono 3.85d.
Kegon shichikashō gikyōki , originally 3 fascicles; no known date of composition. Only the third fascicle is extant, the holograph kept at the Kyoto National Museum (ICP 469). Unpublished. Not in Ono.
Kegonshū kyōron shōsho mokuroku , 1 fascicle; no known date of composition. Extant in manuscripts from the “Edo period,” one at Yakushiji and one at the Kanazawa Bunko. DBZ No. 845, 95.133; sourcetext not identified. Attribution to Gyōnen is questionable—the earliest known reference is by Kenjun (1740–1812) in his Shoshū shōsho roku at DBZ No. 841, 95.74b. Ono 3.76a.
Kegonshū yōgi in 1 fascicle; written in 1314. A 1318 manuscript copy is held at Tōdaiji library. DBZ No. 163, 36.285, based on a 1343 manuscript. Nihon daizōkyō No. 347, 75.217, reproduces the edition published in 1901 by Moribe Teizen called Kōhon kegon‐shū yōgi (Kyoto: Shinyūkai ) made from a comparison of the 1318 manuscript and another early text held at the Jihōin , located within the Tōdaiji complex. Ono 3.77d.
(p.393) Kōshō bosatsu ryakugyōjō , in 1 fascicle; written in 1290. Unpublished. Ono 3.387a.
Naiten jinroshō , in 1 fascicle; no known date of composition. One manuscript folio from the Kamakura period is preserved at Shinfukuji in Nagoya. Earliest complete text is a 1539 manuscript kept at Tenri University, and there are also extant xylographs from 1653 at Kōyasan Jimyōin , from 1782 at Ōtani University, and elsewhere. DBZ No. 104, 29.29 based on an unidentified source. Ono 8.27c.
Naiten jisshū shūku , in 1 fascicle; written in 1293. Known manuscripts are at Tōdaiji, Ryūkoku University, and Myōtokuin Mudōji in Ōtsu. DBZ No. 103, 29.26 based on an unidentified 1682 manuscript. Ono 8.275b.
Nanzan kyōgishō , originally 30 fascicles; written in 1291. Fascicles 1–28 are missing. The holograph of fascicle 29 is held by the Kyoto National Museum; the holograph of fascicle 30 is at Tōdaiji (ICP 467) written on the back of Kegon kumokushō hotsugoki fascicle 20. Unpublished. Ono 8.284d.
Onkyoku hiyōshō , in 1 fascicle; written in 1313. Oldest editions are a 1775 manuscript held at Ōtani University and an 1821 xylograph at Kōya‐san Shinbessho. T No. 2721, 84.865, based on an 1848 xylograph. Ono 1.397b.
Onritsu tsūchishō , originally 10 fascicles; written in 1307. Partially extant, with fascicles 2–7 and 9 preserved as manuscripts in the Kanazawa Bunko, two with colophons attesting to having been copied in 1329. Unpublished. Ono 1.397c.
Un'u shō , in 1 fascicle; written in 1321. A manuscript copy from 1693 is held at Tōdaiji. Printed at DBZ No. 115, 30.11 based on this same text; also at Nihon daizōkyō No. 301, 69.313. Ono 1.230c.
Risshū gyōkanshō , originally 60 fascicles; written 1306–1321. Only 2 fascicles survive, both as manuscripts: fascicle 1 is preserved at the Kanazawa Bunko; manuscript copies of fascicle 6 are held by Tōdaiji, Hōryūji, Kyoto University, and Ōtani University. The Ōtani text is dated 1687. Fascicle 6 only is published in both DBZ No. 114, 30.2; and Nihon daizōkyō No. 305, 70.1, the latter based on the manuscript at Hōryūji. Ono 11.208d.
Risshū kōyō , in 2 fascicles; written in 1306. Extant as undated manuscripts at Tōdaiji. T No. 2348, 74.5, based on a 1660 xylograph edition held by Taisho, Ōtani, and Kyōto universities. Also at Nihon daizōkyō No. 304, 69.349, based the same sourcetext. Ono 11.208d.
Rokujū kegonkyō bonshaku in 1 fascicle; written in 1308. A 1342 manuscript is held at Tōdaiji. Unpublished. Not in Ono.
Saigō Shōnin gyōjō , in 1 fascicle; no known date of composition. 1713 manuscript held at Tōdaiji. Unpublished. Not in Ono.
(p.394) Sangoku buppō denzū engi , in 3 fascicles; written in 1311. 1399 manuscript held at Kōyasan Hōjuin ; xylographs editions also from 1399 are held at Ōtani, Taishō, Nihon, and Eizan universities, and the Ochanomizu library. DBZ No. 467, 62.7, based on a 1421 xylograph held by Tōdaiji. Ono 4.76c.
Sanshō enyū kangiken , original length unknown; written in 1312. Fascicles 1 and 2 are extant. Nihon daizōkyō No. 321, 73.187 based on a xylograph identified only as owned an individual named Nakano Tatsue . Ono 4.89c.
Shari Kōshiki , in 1 fascicle; written in 1311. extant as manuscript held at Tōdaiji. Unpublished; not in Ono.
Shibun[ritsu] kaihonsho sanshūki in 20 fascicles; written 1310–1313. Tōshōdaiji holds a manuscript dated 1389 to which a colophon was added in 1393 stating it was checked against the holograph. Based on this manuscript, published at Nihon daizōkyō No. 156, 41.9. Ōtani and Kyoto universities also hold manuscripts dating to 1439. Ono 4.221b.
Shōmangyō‐sho shōgenki , originally in 18 fascicles; written approximately 1302–1303. Only fascicles 6–18 are extant, all held as manuscripts by Hōryūji, dated variously 1307, 1308, 1309, 1746, etc. DBZ No. 41, 7.38 based on the Hōryūji texts. Ono 5.361c.
Shōmyō genryūki , in 1 fascicle; no known date of composition, 1719 xylograph at Ōtani and Ryūkoku universities. T No. 2720, 84.864, DBZ No. 541, 71.103, Zokuzoku gunshoruijū 12, and Waseda university manuscript all apparently based on this 1719 edition. Ono 5.404a.
Taiichi sōmokushō , in 1 fascicle; written in 1291. Manuscripts held at Tōdaiji, Kyoto University, and Kōyasan Kongō‐sanmai'in . A 1702 edition printed with movable wooden type is held by Ōtani, Kōyasan, and Shuchiin universities. Nihon daizōkyō No. 302, 69.321, based on this 1702 text. Ono 7.163b.
Tsūju biku sange ryōji fudōki , in 1 fascicle; written in 1306. Extant as undated manuscript held at Tōdaiji. T No. 2355, 74.58, based on an undated Edo period xylograph held at Tōdaiji. Nihon daizōkyō No. 303, 69.337 based on rubbings from a 1684 xylograph held at Kōyasan Kongō‐sanmai'in, Yakushiji, Kanazawa University Akegarasu collection, and elsewhere. Ono 8.81b.
Ubari‐uta (sic). One fascicle. Holograph held at Tōdaiji (ICP 465).
Wakan shunjūreki , in 3 fascicles; written in 1271. Extant as manuscripts at Tōdaiji. Kyōto University also holds a manuscript of the first fascicle. Unpublished. Not in Ono.
Yuimagyōsho anraki , originally 40 fascicles; written in 1320. Fascicles 1–30 are extant: all are held by Hōryūji as manuscripts dated 1566. Published at DBZ No. 58, 13.52, based on a 1780 manuscript. Ono 11.127c.