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Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality$
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Alvin Plantinga and Matthew Davidson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195103762

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195103769.001.0001

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Two Concepts of Modality

Two Concepts of Modality

Modal Realism and Modal Reductionism

(p.192) 10 Two Concepts of Modality
Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In the first part of this chapter, I sketch out three grades of modal realism. After developing modal realism, I examine David Lewis's modal theory. I argue that Lewis's theory satisfies none of the grades of modal realism, and that it is really a case of modal reductionism. In particular, I demonstrate that Counterpart Theory is a rejection of the view that objects have properties accidentally or essentially. Moreover, I claim that Lewis merely models things such as propositions, possible worlds or state of affairs, and that he, in fact, is an antirealist with regard to such entities.

Keywords:   Counterpart Theory, essential, David Lewis, modal realism, modality, possible world, property, proposition, state of affairs

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