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Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality$
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Alvin Plantinga and Matthew Davidson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195103762

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195103769.001.0001

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Two Concepts of Modality

Two Concepts of Modality

Modal Realism and Modal Reductionism

Chapter:
(p.192) 10 Two Concepts of Modality
Source:
Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality
Author(s):

Alvin Plantinga (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195103769.003.0011

In the first part of this chapter, I sketch out three grades of modal realism. After developing modal realism, I examine David Lewis's modal theory. I argue that Lewis's theory satisfies none of the grades of modal realism, and that it is really a case of modal reductionism. In particular, I demonstrate that Counterpart Theory is a rejection of the view that objects have properties accidentally or essentially. Moreover, I claim that Lewis merely models things such as propositions, possible worlds or state of affairs, and that he, in fact, is an antirealist with regard to such entities.

Keywords:   Counterpart Theory, essential, David Lewis, modal realism, modality, possible world, property, proposition, state of affairs

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