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Nietzsche's System$

John Richardson

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195098464

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195098463.001.0001

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Primary Sources

Primary Sources

Nietzsche's System
Oxford University Press

For Nietzsche's German text I have relied on the Kritische Studienausgabe, ed. Giorgio Colli and Mazzino Montinari (Berlin: de Gruyter, 1980). Where I provide the German, it reproduces this edition.

Nietzsche's Published Works

The following are the near‐standard English translations of the works Nietzsche completed for publication, arranged by their (approximate) years of composition (to facilitate comparisons with the Nachlass references). I cite these works by the codes given below, according to policies described in the Preface. For my revisions to these translations, see the Preface and the Appendix.



The Birth of Tragedy. Trans. W. Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1967. (With CW.) Revised 1873.

[/ASC] “Attempt at a Self‐Criticism” written 1886



Untimely Meditations. Trans. R. J. Hollingdale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

[/I] “David Strauss the Confessor and the Writer”

[/II] “On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life”

[/II/F] Foreword

[/III] “Schopenhauer as Educator”

[/IV] “Richard Wagner in Bayreuth”



Human, All Too Human. Trans. Hollingdale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

[/I] Volume I

[/II] Volume II, Part I: “Mixed Opinions and Maxims”

[/III] Volume II, Part II: “The Wanderer and His Shadow”

[/I/P], [/II/P] Prefaces to both volumes written 1886



Daybreak. Trans. Hollingdale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

[/P] Preface written 1886



The Gay Science. Trans. Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1974.

[/JCR] “Joke, Cunning, and Revenge”; Prelude in German Rhymes

[/P] Preface written 1886

—Book V [343–83] written 1886



Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Trans. Kaufmann. In The Portable Nietzsche [PortN], New York: Viking Press, 1968.

[/I]–[/IV] Four parts

[/I/P] “Zarathustra's Preface” to Part I



Beyond Good and Evil. Trans. Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1966.

[/P] Preface


BT/ASC, HH/I/P, HH/II/P, D/P, GS/P, GS343–83



On the Genealogy of Morals. Trans. Kaufmann and Hollingdale. New York: Vintage Books, 1969. (With EH.)

[/P] Preface

[/I]–[/III] Three essays



The Case of Wagner. Trans. Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1967. (With BT.)

[/F] Foreword



Twilight of the Idols. Trans. Kaufmann. In PortN.

[/F] Foreword

[/I]–[/XI] Eleven chapters



The Antichrist. Trans. Kaufmann. In PortN.



Ecce Homo. Trans. Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1969. (With GM.)

[/F] Foreword

[/I]–[/IV] Four parts

[/BT], [/UM], etc. Subparts of [/III] on Nietzsche's earlier works; I cite these subparts by the codes for these works



Nietzsche contra Wagner. Trans. Kaufmann. In PortN.

[/E] Epilogue


(p.297) Nietzsche's Nachlass

I use codes to refer to the following translations of notes, letters, and drafts not completed for publication (or that Nietzsche decided not to publish)—his Nachlass. When citing these materials I give in brackets the year of composition (according to the Colli‐Montinari dates for the source notebooks). As described in the Preface, I cite Nachlass materials not found in the following translations by giving the volume, notebook, and entry number from the Colli‐Montinari Kritische Studienausgabe, together with the year; for example, KSA/10/7[77] [1883]. This allows the text to be located as well in the Kritische Gesamtausgabe by the same editors.


Philosophy and Truth: Selections from Nietzsche's Notebooks of the Early 1870's. Ed. and trans. D. Breazeale. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1979. (I cite this by page number.) Includes:

[TL] “On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense”


Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks. Trans. M. Cowan. Chicago: Regnery Gateway, 1962. (I cite this by section number.)


The Will to Power. Trans. Kaufmann and Hollingdale. New York: Vintage Books, 1967. (I cite this by note number.)


The Portable Nietzsche. Ed. and trans. Kaufmann. New York: Viking Press, 1968. (I cite miscellanea from this anthology by page number.) Includes:

[HC] “Homer's Contest”


Nietzsche: A Self‐Portrait from His Letters. Ed. and trans. P. Fuss and H. Shapiro. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971. (I cite this by letter number—e.g., F&S &20.)