In this work, the suggestion is made that Wittgenstein's later (therapeutic) philosophy bears a striking resemblance to Pyrrhonism, urbanely understood. Wittgenstein, however, deepens the Pyrrhonian critique of philosophizing. He is a Pyrrhonian in a new, more sophisticated guise. He is a Neopyrrhonian. The appendix explores what seems to be a non‐Pyrrhonian element in his last writings, in particular, in his notes published under the title “On Certainty.” In various places, Wittgenstein seems to be attracted to a philosophical position that simply reverses earlier commitments found in the Tractatus. Turning things around, he favors holism over atomism, publicity over privacy, and doing over thinking. The Neopyrrhonian Wittgenstein would view both standpoints with equal suspicion.
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