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Pride, Faith and FearIslam in Sub-Saharan Africa$
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Charlotte A. Quinn and Frederick Quinn

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195063868

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195063864.001.0001

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Islam in Senegal

Islam in Senegal

Maintaining A Delicate Balance

Chapter:
(p.89) 3 Islam in Senegal
Source:
Pride, Faith and Fear
Author(s):

Charlotte A. Quinn

Frederick Quinn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195063864.003.0004

Islam in Senegal is at the threshold of political change, as a shift in power takes place among the Sufi brotherhoods (tariqa). Within the next decade, the growing Mouridiya brotherhood, founded by Amadou Bamba (1850–1927), is likely to overwhelm its rivals, such as the Tijaniya, an outgrowth of a Sufi mystical movement led by El Hajj Umar Tall, and later led by the Wolof cleric, Malik Sy (c.1855–1922). In the near term, the traditional symbiotic relationship between mosque and secular state is likely to continue as leaders on both sides act together and contain extremist Islamist tendencies and urban unrest. President Abdulaye Wade has adopted this balancing act policy in a country that is 94 % Muslim. Support of the Muslim community with its multiple interests is critical to Senegal's continued presence as a moderate, stable West African state. Issues facing the brotherhoods include unresolved succession questions affecting aging leaders, urbanization and growing population pressures, destructive agricultural practices, and social tensions, such as caste and class tensions.

Keywords:   Maba Diakhou Ba, Amadou Bamba, Islamist, Mouridiya, Senegal, Sufi, Malik Sy, El Hajj Umar Tall, Tijaniya, President Abdulaye Wade

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