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The Philosophy of LeibnizMetaphysics and Language$
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Benson Mates

Print publication date: 1989

Print ISBN-13: 9780195059465

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195059468.001.0001

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Necessary and Contingent Truths

Necessary and Contingent Truths

(p.105) VI Necessary and Contingent Truths
The Philosophy of Leibniz

Benson Mates (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

To reconcile his account of truth with his acceptance of the distinction between necessary and contingent truths, Leibniz introduces a distinction between absolute and hypothetical necessity. It turns out that for him a proposition P is hypothetically necessary if the proposition ‘If the actual world exists, then P’ is absolutely necessary; or, what comes to the same thing, the conjunction ‘The actual world exists and not P’ is absolutely impossible.

Keywords:   absolute necessity, contingent truth, hypothetical necessity, impossibility, Leibniz, necessary truth, necessity, possibility

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