Diasporas and the Politics of Identity in International Negotiations
This chapter explores the role of diaspora communities in the politics of interethnic bargaining processes in identity conflicts. It explores both the positive and negative impacts such communities can have when a negotiation process is set in motion, not just on the parties to the conflict but also on intermediaries who are engaged in trying to secure a peace agreement. Commitment problems are commonly identified as one of the main obstacles to negotiation in interethnic disputes. Disaporas can exacerbate this problem through their engagement via remittances, arms transfers, political mobilization, and other kinds of support to warring parties. However, diasporas can also provide much needed support to a peace process when the members of a community are convinced that politics must replace armed struggle. Such turnabout or waning effects are are an important but understudied dimension of diaspora politics in identity-based conflicts.
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