How Much Environmental Regulation Will a Country Have?
Existing research has extensively examined whether democratic or dictatorial regimes are better for the environment, but little research has investigated how democracies might differ among themselves. This chapter argues that more access points in democracies should lead to fewer environmental regulations since regulated industries should enjoy a collective action advantage given that the costs of regulations are concentrated on these industries while the benefits are broadly dispersed, sometimes to everyone on the planet. This chapter tests this argument by examining how many environmental treaties a country becomes a party to as well as the level of environmental taxation in a country.
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