The Changing Governance of Japanese Public Science
This chapter provides an overview of Japan's public science system (PSS) and the major changes under way concerning its governance. It adopts a system-wide analytical perspective and is based on twelve years of experience in an interdisciplinary graduate-level education and research centre of the University of Tokyo, and frequent contacts with scientists and students. It also draws upon a large number of interviews over the past decade with companies that deal with universities. It shows that Japan's system of public science governance is unique. Foremost among these is the high degree of concentration of resources in a small number of universities. Another is close cooperation between universities and companies — particularly the large proportion of patented university discoveries that are exclusively controlled by large collaborative research partners.
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