Extraction from Complement Clauses and the Effect of Tense
Patterns of binding of the event variable suggest an explanation for the ungrammaticality of extraction from tensed adjuncts: the event variable is bound below Tense, so macroevent formation across Tense is impossible. This raises questions concerning extraction from tensed complement clauses. The referential opacity of bridge verbs means that the existence of only one event is implied by bridge verb constructions, while two events are implied by tensed adjunct constructions. This analysis requires that the Single Event Grouping Condition be checked cyclically. Section 7.5 returns to the CED, and shows that, although extraction from subjects and from adjuncts is quite unremarkable, the two do not pattern crosslinguistically or language-internally. In particular, the Single Event Grouping Condition has little effect on independently very restricted patterns of extraction from subjects in English. This suggests that a nonunified account of CED effects should be pursued.
Keywords: tense, bridge verbs, factive predicates, propositional attitudes, successive cyclicity, presupposition projection, condition on extraction domain, connectedness, extraction from subjects, extraction from adjuncts
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