Black Police Associations: Context and Perspective
‘Institutional racism’ had reference points for relationships between the police and ethnic-minority communities and between ethnic-minority and ethnic-majority members of the police workforce, between black and white police officers. This book is about the development of Black Police Associations (BPAs); their role within constabularies; their understanding of race and its articulation within constabularies; and related subjects. In particular, this chapter describes the context and perspective of BPAs. In addition, a discussion on race and ethnicity, as well as the ethnic-minority officers is provided. Ethnic-minority officers have mostly found their own way to address prejudice and discrimination without assistance or learning from their more experienced peers. The development of BPAs is also shown.
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