Property Rights, Urban Policy, and the Law: Negotiating Neighbourhood Disputes in a Brazilian Shantytown
Due to industrialization and employment opportunities, Brazil's urban population experienced a significant increase that started during the 1950s. However, because legal and affordable housing options were evidently limited, migrants had to resort to making use of unused private and public land which are referred to as favelas. Although such favelas accommodate a huge part of the population and because of how these communities have been established illegally, favelas are not without problems, such as poor living conditions, high population density, irregular construction, and limited access to various services such as sanitation, running water, and electricity, among others. Recently, legislation and policies have veered away from eradicating favelas and moved towards recognizing property rights and integration through such measures as the Favela-Bairro programme. This chapter examines how residents of one of Rio de Janeiro's largest favela have been able to use community, city, and legal resources in dealing with various issues.
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